Mystery Fires Rob Bulgaria’s Capital of its Heritage
Landmark buildings in Sofia seem doomed to disappear one by one from the city as a result of neglect – and curiously frequent fires.
|The abandoned thermal baths in Ovcha Kupel. Photo: By Elena Chochkova (Own work)/CC BY-SA 3.0|
In Sofia, they call them the “abandoned beauties” – the old landmark buildings in the Bulgarian capital that have shared the same unfortunate fate of decay and ruin.
Left to rot by their private or public owners for decades, they face another risk – frequent fires.
The last building to suffer this fate was the spectacular-looking abandoned public baths in the Ovcha Kupel neighbourhood of Sofia.
Despite being designated a cultural heritage site, it was set on fire on Wednesday.
Fire fighters arrived and extinguished the blaze quickly and so prevented more significant damage.
But some citizens suspect that this fire – and many others – was not an accident.
“There are no accidental fires,” Gergin Borissov from the urban watchdog group Save Sofia, told BIRN.
|The “Vishneva“ tram stop on fire. Photo: Save Sofia|
He listed a number of historic buildings, some of which have become caught up in disputes over ownership, or over redevelopment plans, that “accidentally” caught fire recently.
“This is a method of work. It is a mystery how buildings which are left to fall apart often catch fire,” he noted.
According to Girginov, this steady destruction of Sofia’s history and cultural heritage could be prevented if the municipal authorities enforced cultural heritage laws more effectively.
“They have the legal tools to expropriate mismanaged monuments of culture. But the measures have not been used – not even once,” he added.
It unclear whether these old buildings would fare much better even if they became the property of the state. The bathhouse in Ovcha Kupel suggests not.
A property of the Ministry of Health, it has been closed for nearly two decades now, despite the medicinal qualities of its thermal springs, which had been used since the 1930s.
The ministry, which has admitted it does not have the means to maintain the property, has launched a procedure to transfer ownership over the site to the Sofia Municipality.
But the procedure is still ongoing. In the meantime, the building was left derelict and vulnerable to accidents such as the recent fire.
BIRN asked the Sofia Municipality about the current status of the public baths, about its plans to conserve and use the building, as well as about any specific measures that the authorities had taken to prevent accidents.
No answer was received by the time of publication.
It was also just the latest site to catch fire in Sofia, leaving many citizens outraged about the poor management of the city’s ancient assets.
In July, the much-loved hut at Sofia’s favourite tram stop – “Vishneva”, or “Sour Cherry’s”, in the Lozenets neighborhood, was set on fire and its roof was almost destroyed.
The tram stop is an important part of the city landscape precisely because of the hut, which had been used to store the construction tools of the workers maintaining the rails and to store luggage for passengers.
Shortly after the fire, Mayor Yordanka Fandakova promised that the municipal authorities would restore the building as soon as possible.
The so-called “Double House” on Vassil Levski boulevard in central Sofia, however, was less fortunate.
|The landmark “Double House“ before it was demolished. Photo: Extinguishing Sofia|
It was abandoned for decades and its owners changed multiple times. But while its status as a cultural monument has protected it from demolition, it has been set on fire a number of times.
In 2016, the Ministry of Culture took the controversial decision to remove its protected status.
That ruling allowed its owner, the businessman Kiril Kirov, to demolish it in May, despite popular protests.
Krasimir Georgiev, owner of the former Vazrazhdane cinema – an architectural monument in central Sofia – had similar plans for his property.
In March 2016, he announced a plan to pull down the building, which housed a disco over the past decade, and build a new one, keeping the style and some of the ornaments of the former cinema.
The project was blocked after the state authorities determined that it violated the Cultural Heritage Act.
In March, however, the building was set on fire.
The police said they suspected that homeless people who had moved into the abandoned building had caused the accident.
“We should not create problems to each other or violate each other’s rights”, Izetbegović said.
He added that Croatia has the right to connect the territory and BiH has the right to have access to international waters. Izetbegovic expressed the hope that Croatia will move in that direction. What he didn’t say is the manner to which the problem will be solved, given that he and other Bosniak politicians in BiH several times in the past have stated that they will “stop the construction of the bridge as it was planned and demand a higher bridge on that part”.
At the same time, BiH Minister of civil affairs, Adil Osmanovic, Bosniak by nationality, sent a letter of protest to EU and Croatian officials saying that there are many legal obstacles for the construction of the bridge. Another minister in BiH Council of Ministers, Minister of Justice, Josip Grubesa, a Croat, sent a letter at same addresses saying that there are no legal obstacles for the construction of the bridge. BiH Presidency Chairman, Dragan Covic, a Croat, said that Osmanovic’s letter doesn’t reflect the official position of the BiH and that such conversation within BiH and with fiend countries, as Croatia, harms everybody and must be stopped.
“We must protect BiH’s interests by defining common interests first, and then communicating about them to the neighbors and international institutions”, Covic said.
BiH Council of Ministers Chairman, Denis Zvizdic, said that the negotiations about border demarcation with Croatia have been reduced to the issue of Peljesac bridge construction.
“We are talking about a comprehensive demarcation between BiH and Croatia, with focus on demarcation at sea that is in the interest of BiH, which means respect of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea”, Zvizdic said.
Serb politicians in BiH are not taking part in this dispute since it is far away from their interests. Republic of Srpska Government have the interest on the other side of the country, also linked with bridge construction but, in this case, they are trying to push Croatia to start the works. The RS problem is that this BiH entity has constructed a highway from Banja Luka to the city of Gradiska, on the BiH-Croatian border. But, this highway ends in the field near the River Sava. It is necessary to negotiate the construction of a bridge over Sava river with Croatian Government in order to link this highway with the near Zagreb – Belgrade highway.
But although construction of this bridge is uncertain, construction of the Peljesac bridge is close to begin./IBNA
Gesetze, oder Institutionen hatten nie ein Funktion in Albanien, dafür wurden vor über 15 Jahren schon Studien gezahlt, das Dynamit fischen einen schädlichen Einfluss haben, und real hatten nur lokale private Leute, wenige tüchtige Polizei Beamten illegale Aktivitäten auch in der Schonzeit kurzfristig stoppen können.
Real sieht die Albanische Fischerei so aus, das auch in 2017, Wild West Neanderthaler aus den Bergen, auf jede Luft Blase von Tauchern und Schnorchlern eine Wasser Bombe werfen (2017 bei Cap Carburun) auf die Gäste einer Tauchschule bei Sarande, weil Kriminelle Deutschen auch noch den Banditen und Verbrechern dauernd Wasser- und Strom Leitungen finanzieren.
Profi Betrug im System im Camorra Stile der EU. Mit kriminellen des jeweiligen Umwelt, Fischerei und Forst Ministerien, stahl man immer alle Gelder mit den EU Kriminellen. Noch nie ist 1 €, untern angekommen, oder eine sinnvolle Aktion mit echten Fischern koordiniert worden.
Die anderen Mafiösen Gruppen der Welt staunen nur noch, wie die EU Gelder in kriminelle Kanäle umleitet
Sogar einen niedrigen Orden erhielt Doris Pack, obwohl ihre 20 jährige EU Tätigkeit Null Erfolg war, ein Desaster bei den Albanern. Abseits in Skhoder, weil die gute Frau, die Nase voll hat von den Albanern.
Bujar Nishani – Doris Pack Orden
Albania: Fishery Directorate – DREJTORIA E POLITIKAVE TE PESHKIMIT
Legislation: record details
|Title of text:||Regulation No. 2 on fishing and aquaculture licensing.|
|Date of text:||17 May 2007|
|Type of document:||Regulation|
|Link to full text:||alb83398.pdf|
|Language of document:||Albanian|
|Abstract:||This Regulation lays down rules and procedures governing the issue of fishing licences as well as related deadlines. It consists of the following four Chapters: (1) General Provisions; (2) Documents that must accompany applications; (3) Licensing procedure; and (4) Final provisions. The Regulation also lays down the following application forms: request for professional fishing licence and licence renewal; request for aquaculture licence; request for aquaculture licence renewal; request for recreational fishing licence and its renewal.|
|Keyword(s):||marine fisheries; inland fisheries; aquaculture; fishing licence; legal proceedings/administrative proceedings|
|Legislation ID number:||LEX-FAOC083398|
|Implements:||Law No. 7908 on Fishery and Aquaculture 1995. – 05 April 1995|
|Amended by:||Regulation No. 3 amending and supplementing Regulation No. 2 on fishing and aquaculture licensing. – 20 June 2008|
The old regulation from 2005!
REPUBLIC OF ALBANIA
MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE AND FOOD
Regulation No 1 date 29.03.2005
For application of the legislation on fishery and aquaculture
Based on article 102, point 4 of Albanian Constitution, of the law No 7908, date 5.4.1995 For fishing and aquaculture, changed by the Law Nr. 7780, date 21.3.2002, For some supplements and changes in the law No 7908, date 5.4.1995 For fishing and aquaculture by the proposal of Fishery Directorate, Minister of Agriculture and food
issues this regulation.
Prohibitions is sport fishing
- in sport fishing:
a. it is not allowed to use more than five hooks (fishing poles) for a
fisherman in the sea water and three hooks (fishing poles) in other waters
different from marine waters;
b. it is not allowed to use a form of fishing with light sources, except of a hand light or lamp for underwater fishing;
REPUBLIKA E SHQIPERISE
MINISTRIA E MJEDISIT, PYJEVE DHE ADMINISTRIMIT TE UJERAVE
DREJTORIA E POLITIKAVE TE PESHKIMIT
R R E G U L L O R E
(Nr. 3, Date 20.6.2008) PER
DISA SHTESA DHE NDRYSHIME NE RREGULLOREN NR 2 DATE 17.5.2007
PER LIÇENSIMIN E PESHKIMIT DHE TE AKUAKULTURES
Ne mbeshtetje te nenit 102, pika 4, te Kushtetutes dhe te germave ë dhe i te nenit 32 te
Ligjit nr. 7908 date 5.4.1995 Për Peshkimin dhe Akuakulturën, i ndryshuar, Ministri i
Mjedisit, Pyjeve dhe Administrimit te Ujerave miraton Rregulloren si me po
Kushtet dhe kriteret ne peshkimin sportiv
- Ne peshkimin sportiv zbatohen kriteret dhe kushtet e meposhteme: a. ndalohet perdorimi i me shume se pese grepave (kallamave) per nje peshkatar ne ujerat detare dhe tre grepave (kallamave) ne ujerat e tjera te ndryshme nga ujrat detare ;
- ndalohet perdorimi i formes se peshkimit me burime drite, me perjashtim te nje drite ose llampe dore per peshkimin nenujor;
- ndalohet perdorimi fushnjerit per peshkim ne te gjitha kategorite ujore;
- ndalohet mbajtja ne mjetet lundruese te çdo lloj paisje e rrjete peshkimi, qeperdoren ne peshkimin profesional ose i rrjetave terheqese, me rrethim,
dragave, rrjetave grumbulluese dhe njicave, palangareve per peshkimin e peshqeve shume migrues; e. ndalohet te peshkohen moluske, krustace si edhe lloje te tjera qe ndalohen
nga aktet nenligjore te nxjerra nga ministria;
- ndalohet te perdoren per peshkim si dhe te mbahen ne bordin e mjetit lundrues, te substancave toksike, narkotike, ose gerryese, te substancave qe ne rast se bashkohen me njera tjetren mund te shkaktojne shperthime si dhe te paisjeve qe krijojne shkarkime elektrike ose eksplozive;
- ndalohet te perdoren per peshkim dhe te mbahen ne bordin e mjetit lundrues çekiçe pneumatike ose paisje te tjera me goditje per grumbullimin e specieve ne shkembinj;
- ndalohet te perdoren per peshkim dhe te mbahen ne bordin e mjetit lundrues paisje per peshkimin e koraleve;
- ndalohet tregtimi i organizmave ujore te zene gjate peshkimit sportiv;
- sasia qe peshkohet ne dite nga nje person te mos jete me e madhe se 3 (tre)
kg peshk, pervec rastit kur pesha e nje ekzemplari te vetem e kalon kete kufi;
- Ne peshkimin sportiv zbatohen te gjithe ndalimet e parashikuara per peshkimin profesional ne lidhje me zonat, sezonet e peshkimit, dimensionet e lejuara dhe kufizimet e grepave.
- Ne peshkimin sportiv lejohet vetem perdorimi i grepave, pushkeve nenujore si dhe perdorimi i maskes dhe i tubit te frymemarrjes.
Kjo Rregullore hyn ne fuqi menjehere.
M I N I S T R
Hoch gefährlich ist, wenn Hirnlose nicht lernfähige Albaner Fischer und Lokal Besitzer sind im Tourismus, alle Hygiene Standards ignorieren und sogar giftigen Fisch in Lokalen anbieten.
Herz Lähmung ist die Folge, was einige Todesfälle pro Jahr erklären. Fisch der in den Speise Karten angeboten wird, enden im Betrugs Fall wie mit dem Korani Fisch in Pogradec. Oft ist reine Blödheit die Ursache und Todesfälle bei Hochzeits Feiern, durch Lebensmittel Vergiftung im Sommer ist norma.
Die TAZ, über das Verbrecher Imperium des Landraubes, der Justiz Sabotage und der Geldwäsche mit Pellum Petritaj, Samir Mane und Kollegen
Identisch in Nord Albanien, mit Sait Fishta, wo der Langzeit Kriminelle Edi Rama, seine erste Konferenz hielt in beschlagnahmten illegalen Appartment Blocks, wo erneut Kuesten Waelder abgeholzt wurden. Altes Edi Rama System: Erste informelle Kabinetts Sitzung in Velipolje, in den illegalen Appartments Blocks der „Sait Fishta“ Mafia
Grundlage des Deutschen TAZ Artikels, ist der Super Skandal, wo 334 Hektar Küsten Land gestohlen wurden, in den Archiven dann ausgetaucht wurden, verkauft wurden.
Pullumb Petritaj,, der Ex-Chef der Repubilikanischen Partei des Sabri Godo, Fatmir Mediu, einer reinen Verbrecher Partei, eng verbunden mit dem US Botschafter Josef Limprecht.
EU Partner im Betrug:
Ramadan Troci, dessen Familie auch bekannt ist, als Notar gefälschte Dokumente rund um Grundstücke und Testamente zu erstellen. 2016, verweigerte der Präsident Bujar Nishani die Entlassung des Ramadan Troci. Er gehört direkt zu Gross Verbrecher Kartellen von Arenc Çela, undi Maksim Çelës, Lushnje Bande von Aldo Bare.
Ramadan Troci, hoher Staatsanwalt,dessen Entlassung der Mafia Präsident Bujar Nishani verweigerte.
Krenar Troci (Durres) (als Fälscher von Testamenten, Grundstücks Urkunden bekannt. , erhielt seine Notar Lizenz ca. 2014 von Bujar Nishani zurück, Ilir Troci ist heute Direktor der Bau Polizei n Vlore. Die normale Familien Mafia, welche den Staat übernahm, wo der GEneralstaatsanwalt, schon die Entalssung von Ramadan Troci beantragte.
Der hohe Staatsanwalt Ramadan Troci, wird direkt von dem entlassenen Justizpolizei Beamter: Arben Jorgaqi, beschuldigt, der eine leere Vermögenserklärung beim Präsidenten Bujar Nishani abgab, was allein schon ein Skandal ist. Der in der TAZ beschriebene Skandal war in 2007
The Greek Foreign Ministry slams Albanian authorities: You must work for EU integration and not violate the rights of the Greek minority. The head of UHRP denounces police siege. President of the Association for the Protection of Traders and Market of Albania says that properties are being occupied. IBNA discovers details on the report of the High State Audit, the urban plan is being applied without a decision by the municipality. The Municipality Council convenes , not in Himara, but in Kuç, 140 km away (!) Residents react, this is what’s happening with our properties
Tirana-Himara-31 August 2017 Greek diplomacy issues a direct warning for Tirana, while saying that Albanian authorities are more interested on violating the rights of a minority rather than be committed for the integration of the country in the European Union.
The spokesman of the Greek Foreign Ministry, Alexandros Gennimatas issued a reaction today by answering to the journalists’ question in relation to the decision of local authorities in Himara to occupy the lands and destroy several properties belonging to the residents, as part of a new urban planning which was approved by Himara Municipality Council.
“It seems that Albanian authorities are more interested on violating the rights of the Greek minority, rather than the country’s European path”, Mr. Gennimatas declared.
Business community very concerned, accusations against the media
The reaction of the Greek Foreign Ministry follows the concerns recently expressed by citizens of Himara on what they consider to be a flagrant violation of the rights of land owners and property owners in Himara.
Nikollaq Neranxi, President of the Association for the Protection of Traders and Market of Albania, former MP of the Socialist Movement for Integration, warns that what’s happening in Himara is a clear occupation of their properties.
“The people of Himara, these wise people who never claimed the things that belong to others and who have sweated to earn every penny that they have. History shows that this community has fought against sea pirates to defend the land and their identity. We are not moving from our land”, Mr. Neranxi says.
The former MP of the Socialist Movement for Integration, renowned businessman of dried fruits and spices, is also critical against some media in Albania, which according to him, are attacking people of Himara who have properties. According to Neranxi, this is being done by journalists who are paid by the government and who want to benefit properties in Himara.
“Some journalists have been put at the service of those who are occupying the properties of the people of Himara, making up all sorts of dirty things. My credible sources tell me that they have been promised parts of the construction that will be made in Himara, once we are robbed of our properties and once we are evicted from our land. They are only dreaming in broad daylight about this”, Mr. Neranxi says.
The delayed meeting is displaced 140 km away
The meeting of the Municipality Council was held in a bar in Himara five days ago and not in the offices of the Municipality of Himara. A number of residents went to that bar to participate in the meeting, but they were not allowed by police forces.
Under these circumstances, the meeting failed. But, it was held yesterday (30.08) in the village of Kuç, in Vlora, around 140 km away from Himara (!)
Several resident of Himara managed to go there, but they were not allowed by police. The meeting ended with the approval of the new urban planning.
Unity for Human Rights Party said that this meeting was being held under siege. “Himara Municipality Council convenes in circumstances of a police state”, said the leader of this party and MP, Vangjel Dule.
HSA identifies criminal violations
Several months ago, an inspection made by High State Audit identified several violations such as the procedure of the approval of the new urban planning. HSA found that works had started with the new promenade, but without having any decision of Himara Municipality Council. This was a criminal violation, HSA found.
Even yesterday’s meeting was held to adjust, despite the delay, the violation identified by HSA. The new urban planning, as never before, was voted by all three main opposing political forces, SP, DP and SMI.
Some say that the approval of this plan gives way to investments amounting to millions of euros by Albanian and foreign businessmen, who have ties with these political forces.
Why has this situation been created?
IBNA’s and Albanian Free Press’ correspondent in Himara, reports following the testimonies collected from the residents of the area. They explain why some of them risk facing illegal action.
Residents say that some of them live in homes inherited for 200 years. They also have lands inherited from the same period. But, unfortunately, the majority of these properties have no ownership title. And they are not to blame for this. Many years ago, the Property Register Office in Delvina, where the documents relating to the properties of Himara were, was entirely burned.
This led to many properties to remain without a certificate.
According to residents, this situation is being exploited by central and local authorities in the country. They are implementing a master plan which doesn’t require compensation of many families who may be affected by the new urban planning, as they have no property titles.
Hector, 48 years of age from Himara comments the situation as follows: “If we refer to the ones who have built in the past 27 years, then that’s fine. They have built on state owned lands. But to consider us illegal, us, who have been in these lands for the past 200 years and have inherited them generation after generation and have no certificates, for which we are not to blame as the offices were burned, it’s absurd and unacceptable”.
Vasili, another man from Himara, around 63 years of age, is desperate in this situation. He warns that the state must be careful because what is happening may precipitate.
“We have been in these lands for centuries. They are ours. They can forget about evicting us and building here in our lands”. /ibna/
Einfach peinlich was Edi Rama mit seinen Gangstern macht. Uralte Verbrecher Kartelle von Ilir Meta, Salih Berisha, Edi Rama mit Damian Gjiknuri, Fidel Ylli, Vlore Gangster der PS, Abgeordneter, Pullumb Petritaj, oder Klement Balili, Rigel Balili wünschen keine Änderung und die Millionen erhält man trotzdem von Kriminellen ausl. Organisationen wie EBRD, KfW, Weltbank und korrupten Botschaftern.
Er residiert mit Luxus Villa auf gestohlenen Grundstück in Vlore. Am 7.3.2014 gabe es die Skandal Genehmigung der Regierung mit Edi Rama, für das Verbrecher Syndikat, wo nicht einmal Grundstücks Urkunden vorlagen, aber bereist Morde und Serien von Gerichts Vorgängen. Die Staatsaufsicht SAI, übergab die Dokumentation des Verbrechens direkt an die Generalstaatsanwaltschaft, wo die Grundstücke schon vor Monaten beschlagnahmt wurden, sich inzwischen sogar auf über 314 Hektar Land beziehen, eine Gruppe da sehr aktiv war, seit 25 Jahren. Das Green Coast Projekt sind 183,5 Hektar, mit den üblichen enormen Umwelt Schäden.
Fraud Mafia Boss Nr. 1 with Draghi:
|6th President of European Bank for Reconstruction and Development|