Public doubts autopsy report in Kosovo privatisation chief’s death
Most bloggers said they do not believe Dino Asanaj committed suicide, and some link his untimely death to Kosovo’s shady privatisation dealings.
Public doubts autopsy report in Kosovo privatisation chief’s death
Most bloggers said they do not believe Dino Asanaj committed suicide, and some link his untimely death to Kosovo’s shady privatisation dealings.
Plastični eksploziv aktiviran daljinskim upravljačem
Friday, 22 June 2012 13:42
Bosko Raicevic, the cousin of Andrija Draskovic, a Serbian businessman with ties to organized crime, was killed around noon Friday in old town Belgrade when an unidentified assailant threw an explosive through the window of the car Raicevic was driving, Blic news reported.
Witnesses reported hearing four explosions in the car. The explosion, which occurred at a major crossroads near the Belgrade Zoo, shattered the windows of nearby buildings, and Blic reports that it took firemen over fifteen minutes to out the fire in Raicevics car.
Andrija Draskovic allegedly took over the criminal organization of Zeljko Arkan Reznatovic, killed in Belgrade, Serbia, in 2000. Draskovic was sentenced in Serbia in 2011 to 9.5 years in prison for murder, and he is wanted by the Italian authorities for cigarette smuggling.
Serbian prosecutors believe that Luka Bojovic, an associate of Arkan and the alleged leader of the Zemun criminal clan from Belgrade, tried to kill Draskovic on suspicion that he killed Arkan. Bojovic was arrested in Valencia, Spain in February, and is still awaiting extradition to Serbia.
Arkans wife Svetlana Ceca Reznatovic, a Serbian singer, was convicted in Serbia for embezzlement and illegal weapons passion.
E. B. | Ponedeljak, 25. 06. 2012. – 06:32h | Komentara: 90
Boko Raičević (42), brat od tetke kontroverznog biznismena Andrije Drakovića i rođak nekadanjeg premijera Crne Gore Mila Đukanovića, raznet je plastičnim eksplozivom C-4, za koji…»
Milan Laketić/Ana . Adić | Nedelja, 24. 06. 2012. – 13:57h | Komentara: 61
NOVI SAD/BEOGRAD – Boko Raičević (42), brat kontroverznog biznismena Andrije Drakovića, koji je prekjuče ubijen na Dorćolu kada je u eksploziji raznet njegov sitroen C4, bio je…»
Ana . Adić – Marko Taković | Subota, 23. 06. 2012. – 16:26h | Komentara: 21
Stanar zgrade u kojoj je juče u eksploziji automobila ubijen Boko Raičević (42), rođak kontroverznog biznismena Andrije Drakovića, opisao je za „Blic“ trenutak kada je bomba eksplodirala….»
Kosovo Parliament to investigate on illegal Secret Service SHIK. NATO secret Xhavit Halili
PRISTINA, Kosovo Following an initiative of the Alliance for the future of Kosovo (AAK), the parliament of Kosovo will investigate on the activities of the informal Kosovo-Albanian war-time and post-war secret service organization SHIK (resp. K-SHIK, to distinguish it from the Albanian intelligence agency). Florin Krasniqi, head of the parliamentarian committee for the supervision of the Kosovo Intelligence Agency (KIA), by Kosovar media was quoted as saying he would go till the end and find out the truth about the 10 years of work done by SHIK. In this context MP Krasniqi, who belongs to the oppositional Movement for Self-Determination (LVV), emphasized the need to establish an according investigating committee, addressing SHIKs past and all its files.
The current decision was preceded by strong rejection of several MPs of the Democratic Party of Kosovo (PDK): PDK MP and former SHIK member Bekim Haxhiu-Kamishi, even requested the dismissal of intelligence-committee head Krasniqi. Haxhiu accused MP Krasniqi to have violated the confidentiality declaration of the committee with a statement during a parliament session, saying not enough funds were allocated for the Kosovo Intelligence Agency because the Government is not interested in the KIA as long as it has SHIK. By this Krasniqi stressed doubts in terms of possibly existing parallel illegal intelligence structures.
However, Haxhius request to remove Krasniqi was refused by the majority of the committee members. Further on a large group of Kosovar MPs now supports Krasniqis proposal to investigate SHIKs activities.
The SHIK was briefly said the intelligence unit of the former Kosovo Liberation Army KLA (UCK). Considering this background, observers of the political scene in Kosovo expressed surprise about the announced support even of MPs belonging to the ruling PDK and the oppositional Alliance for the future of Kosovo (AAK), as to the fact that both political parties emerged from the KLA in different regions of Kosovo after the war.
Reportedly the director as well as the general inspector of the Kosovo Intelligence Agency (KIA) will be questioned soon: I will hand them some written questions and I will expect their response, Krasniqi said.
Questions about the activities of the Kosovan SHIK were raised repeatedly over the years. After the secession from Serbia, different reports refer to assassinations against politicians of the Democratic League of Kosovo (LDK), allegedly backed by SHIK members in support of the political party PDK of Kosovo PM Thaci.
Although still not officially proven, accusations against SHIK are seemingly taken serious: Kosovar media lately made public the transfer of Kadri Arifi from his post as assistant director of the Kosovo police investigation unit to the position of assistant director of personnel and training within the police administration. Reportedly this happened by pressure of EU and USA, due to Arifis alleged involvement in SHIK.
Several interviews with SHIK officials give reason to consider SHIK structures as still being active parallel to the official Kosovo Intelligence Agency. Two former prime ministers of Kosovo, Bajram Rexhepi (PDK) and Bajram Kosumi (AAK), confirmed contacts with SHIK head Kadri Veseli during their time in office despite knowing, that SHIK was not anymore part of the legal framework of Kosovo.
This article was first published on Technorati
aktuelle NATO Aktivitäten, gegen die Bevölkerung im Balkan
JUNE 16, 2012 | 14:51
KFOR unblocks roads, closes alternative crossing
SOURCE: BETA, TANJUG
ZUBIN POTOK — KFOR troops removed their vehicles and unblocked the Kosovska Mitrovica-Ribariće road on Saturday.
The road through the village of Banja, which has served as an alternative crossing between northern Kosovo and central Serbia, is closed for traffic as of Saturday morning following a KFOR operation.
Barbed wire and concrete cones have been placed across the road, Tanjug has learnt.
The road, which Serbs have been using since last summer to travel between Ribariće and northern Kosovo, was closed Saturday morning when KFOR put up a sign saying „Stop, road closed.“
Two EULEX SUVs and a French KFOR vehicle stood parked at the roadblock around noon.
Now Serbs have to use the Brnjak crossing , one of the two official checkpoints in the northern part of the province, to enter Kosovo from the direction of Ribariće.
EULEX officers are controlling traffic on this road.
So far, they have not stopped vehicles with license plates issued by the Serbian Interior Ministry from entering or leaving the province.
Serbs from the Ibarski Kolain went home after Zubin Potok Mayor Slavia Ristić asked them to leave.
KFOR troops blocked all roads leading to Zubin Potok and the Brnjak administrative crossing on Saturday morning in an operation aimed at closing an unofficial crossing near Brnjak.
According to KFOR, the operation should contribute to a peaceful and safe environment by preventing illegal crossing of the administrative line.
Its troops set up several checkpoints in several locations around 5:30 CET.
After the operation has been completed, the checkpoints and cordons will be withdrawn, KFOR added in a release earlier on Saturday.
Two persons were shot with rubber bullets in the village of tuoce near Zubin Potok.
Two persons were brought to the Zubin Potok Health Center. Both of them sustained minor inujureis from rubber bullets, Zubin Potok Health Center Director Aleksandra Stoimenov has said.
Large numbers of Serbs gathered in the village of tuoce after KFOR troops with riot gear blocked the Kosovska Mitrovica-Ribariće road.
The KFOR used rubber bullets to disperse the Serbs and two of them were shot. The Italian KFOR troops then asked the Serbs to stay at least 70 meters away from them.
Zubin Potok Assembly Speaker Stevan Boović said on Saturday morning that what KFOR is doing is occupation and violence against Serbs in Kosovo and Metohija.
KFOR soldiers are preventing the freedom of movement and not Serbs as they accuse us, he said and added that things that northern Kosovo Serbs were experiencing did not happen anywhere in the world.
If something is suspicious to them, they should control both citizens and vehicles, instead of surrounding us with barbed wire as if northern Kosovo is a concentration camp, Boović added.
KFOR also set up barbed wire in the villages of Jagnjenica and Gazivode. The citizens believe that the operation was aimed at forcing them to use the Brnjak crossing where their Serbian license plates will be seized.
Zubin Potok Mayor Slavia Ristić has said that KFOR has sided with Pritina and that it is trying to completely isolate and block Serbs and surround them with barbed wire.http://www.b92.net/eng/news/politics-article.php?yyyy=2012&mm=06&dd=16&nav_id=80790
The Sarande Mafia, Financier from the Salih Berishaand Gjoka- Ilir Meta Mafia
14 JUN 12 / 13:18:12
Albania Mayor Vows to Revive Riviera Pearls Glory
Despite a wildcat construction boom that is choking the town with its own phenomenal growth, Mayor Stefan Cipa says the battle to preserve Saranda is not lost.
Once known as the pearl of the Albanian Riviera, Saranda is built like an amphitheatre around a bay overlooking the Ionian Sea and the Greek Island of Corfu.
Only a decade ago the town was a collection of small villas and a few hotels, divided by broad stairways that descended into its maritime walkway, surrounded with palm trees and bougainvillea.
Ten years on, following a feral construction boom, the town is now a city, dotted with high-rise concrete apartment blocks that seem to battle each other for space.
The landscape has changed so dramatically over the past decade that its territory has increased with 54,000 square metres, as a result of illegal landfills of its coastline by developers.
Illegal construction and the citys over-development is our main problem, Stefan Cipa, Sarandas mayor told Balkan Insight in an interview on the eve of the tourist season.
We have tried to put a stop to illegal builds in the city, but we cannot say that we have completely eliminated them, Cipa admitted, while out to monitor renovation works in the citys only public fountain.
According to a survey conducted by the municipality last year, visitors and local tourist operators singled out erratic urban sprawl and construction as the main drawback to tourism.
The mayor says that over past year the municipality has not issued any new building permits and had tried to control many of the former permits that were issued and are not in accordance with the legal framework.
However, his efforts to rein unscrupulous developers have not always been successful, due to a lack of support from the central government and the courts.
Unfortunately we have lost every case that the municipality has brought in court against developers, Cipa laments.
A historic port town, Saranda is dotted with nearly 120 archeological monuments, which, apart from its natural surrounding, are prime tourism assets.
However, Cipa complains that previous city administrations have not guarded such monuments as they should, issuing construction permits for new apartments in archeological sites illegally.
Although the mayor admits that facing up to developers and their lobby is not easy, he believes that by setting an example as an institution, and by striving towards a more sustainable development plan, the business community will eventually come round.
This is a challenge that I have taken on not only personally but also as an institution, he said.
Saranda has inherited many problems but it still has many assets that will help us return it to its former glory, Cipa added.
Despite the damage that has already been done, the mayor says the city has a lot to offer and an effort to increased park areas and green spaces will be the focus of his administration.
According to the mayor, the effort to curb developers does not aim to alienate the construction business community, but rather to challenge them.
Our initiative to cut down on concrete and grow flowers and plant trees has been welcomed by the community, Cipa said.
Some of those who have interests linked to these illegal constructions might be unhappy, but many more support us in our efforts, he added.
One of the key tourist attraction sites that draws visitors to Saranda is the ancient city of Butrint, located only 20 kilometers away near the Greek border.
A UNESCO World Heritage site, Butrint hosts some of the most spectacular Roman archeological ruins in the Mediterranean.
Many visitors arrive in Saranda on cruise ships or by ferry from the nearby Greek island of Corfu. Drawing on the potential to receive ever-larger ships that navigate the Mediterranean, the World Bank has financed the construction of new cruise line terminal.
However, the project that should have been finished in 2009, due to bureaucratic delays, will only be completed by the end of this year.
Another major concern for the municipality remains waste treatment and disposal.
Although a waste water treatment facility with a cost of 5.2 million was constructed with World Bank financing, it has yet to be connected to the sewage network.
According the municipality the plant remains idle as its waits for 800,000 investment for a new collector pipe by the central government.
Cipa reject the idea that the damage done by developers to Saranda is irreversible.
Although the city still faces many problems, the mayor says that visitors will see a changed image this tourists season, but they need the support of the government to go further.
Saranda has lost a battle [with developers], which has left its damage. But I profoundly believe we will go back to our best tradition and join the elite of the Albanian tourism sector, he concluded. http://www.balkaninsight.com/en/article/albania-mayor-vows-to-revive-riviera-pearl-s-glory
Sarande verbietet total die illegalen Strand Besetzungen was unter der Mafia Regierung des Ilir Meta, erstmals eingeführt wurde, vor über 10 Jahren. In Sarande werden nur noch von der Stadtverwaltung 200 Lek verlangt, ca. 1,35 für Sonnenschirm und Liege, identisch wie der Preis verlangt wird auch in der einzigen „Zone Touristik“ in Besitz eines Ausländers.
Sarandë, vetëm plazhe publike
Bashkia e Sarandës ka vendosur që të gjitha plazhet të jenë publike këtë verë. Drejtori i shërbimeve në këtë bashki Pëllumb Halimi bën me dije se po investohet për rreth 523 shezlongë dhe çadra të cilat do të administrohen prej stafit të shërbimeve.
Rreth 15 mijë metra katrorë plazh është e gjithë hapësira publike në funksion të pushuesve. Plazhet janë zgjeruar me rreth 2500 metra katrorë këtë vit, ndërsa rreth 7 milionë lekë të reja po shërbejnë për pastrimin e tyre. Halimi thotë se privatët do të rikontraktohen vetëm për një sipërfaqe të vogël para hoteleve të tyre, ndërsa në të gjithë hapësirën tjetër pushuesit mund të prenotojnë 2 shezlongë dhe një cadër për vetëm 200 lekë.
Ndërkaq pushuesit duket se e kanë mirëpritur këtë vendim të bashkisë. Kjo sipas shefit të turizmit Aristotel Bita siguron njjë shërbim më të lirë ndaj klientëve dhe do të ndihmojë në vjeljen e të ardhurave për bashkinë.
Për të kompletuar shërbimin më cilësor këtë vit po merren masa gjithashtu për kufizimin e lëvizjes së motorëve të ujit, ndërsa hapësira qe shfrytezohet nga pushuesit ka filluar të plotësohet me sinjalistikë ujore.
Altes Thema, in der „Republik der Idioten Mafia“
In Vlore gibt es keine Öffentlichen Strände! Alles wurde zerstört und von Banditen zubetoniert!
Die Banditen der Vlore Stadt Verwaltung, der Bezirks Mafia in Vlore, säubert die Strände auch nicht und Vieles, wie die Pinien Wälder sind zerstört. Lokal versuchen einige private Schulen die Wälder zusäubern.
Pastrimi i zonave turistike
Die Politiker entsenden zu Ausbilungs Kursen, keine qualifizierten Personen, sondern Verwandte, die oft nicht lesen und schreiben können und wo der Minister Xhaferrie, schon eine unglaubliche Inkompetenz zelebrierte. 18 Jahre Touristische Ausbildungen und Schulen und Alles entwickelte sich negativ in einem Mafia Sumpf, der Idiotie.
Hoteleri-turizmi në Shqipëri dhe shkollat elitare në Zvicër
Greek national shoots and kills Albanian burglar in self-defence
Jun 7, 2012 in Crime
A Greek national shot and killed an Albanian burglar in the early hours of Thursday morning. The robber was part of a gang of three Albanians who were breaking into their third house that night.
Ekathimerini reported a 25-year-old resident of Paiania, east Attica, shot and killed a 43-year-old burglar, who with his two accomplices had broken into at least three homes in the Paiania area in the early hours of Thursday morning. According to Ta Nea the three burglars broke into the first house shortly after 2am, but fled when they disturbed the occupants. As the occupants telephoned the police the gang were already breaking into a second house where they threatened the female owner at knife-point as the burglar alarm sounded. The woman’s two sons were alerted and chased the burglars who escaped. As local residents were disturbed the gang targeted a third house but a man fired a shotgun in the air to intimidate the thieves. Helles Frappe reported „for some bizarre reason, the perpetrators decided to return to the second home they attempted to rob.“ The son of the woman they had held at knife-point shot and killed one of the gang in self-defence after „his rifle backfired.“ The Albanian thief died instantly. Meanwhile the Greek man turned himself into police and is currently being held in custody. Burglaries are becoming increasingly commonplace in Greece, as Greek nationals are targeted by foreign criminals.
Sources by DefenceNet
When in broad daylight Melissochori of Voeotia, two Albanians with AK-47 Kalashnikov come into the village „kafaneio“, grab the pensions of the village postman and heavily injuring one resident of the village and the worst of all, leave undisturbed.
What hope for the future internal security of the Greece?
And yet all that was described is true: The postman went to the village cafe, where the residents were gathered to distribute pensions.
Suddenly, two „aliens“ who speak Albanian, dressed in uniform, came in with a Kalashnikov and shouted „Do not shake one,“ as described by fearful villagers.
Immediately after, Albanian bandits began bolting up shop in the dark over the heads of the Bar, who fall to the ground to protect themselves, but one of them was lucky: The bullet of 7.62 mm. pierced his neck!
The robbers stole pensions from the postman, threw another one burst and left a car without anyone bothering them. All of this took place at 12.00.
The unlucky man was taken to hospital of Thebes, and from there to Athens, under critical situation for his life.
Anyway, source by Greek Security Servises, think that, need to tackle an insurgency in the northern border as how the UCC albanian group, how it treated? There are different situations where they can not conceive two Albanians in a village to next to Athens, do not expect to face organized guerrilla units in the northern border …
Romanian education system rocked by scandals Ministerpräsident Viktor Ponta / Plagiat … http://www.faz.net/
19 JUN 12 / 13:50:45
Prime Minister Victor Ponta has denied accusations that he copied parts of his PhD thesis, claiming it is all part of a political plot against h
Plagiarism involving two education ministers is a serious blow to the system in Romania and the country’s international reputation.
By Paul Ciocoiu for Southeast European Times in Bucharest — 26/05/12
The education system in Romania is said to be „riddled by plagiarism and nepotism.“ [Reuters]
The new coalition government had barely assumed power in Bucharest earlier this month, when it was shaken by two plagiarism-related scandals — opening a debate on whether Romania’s education system has suffered a complete loss of credibility, at home and abroad. Education Minister nominee Corina Dumitrescu withdrew her candidacy after the media reported she plagiarised a law book that she co-authored with her husband. Days later, the new appointee, Professor Ion Mang from the Oradea University in northwestern Romania, was also accused of plagiarising at least eight of his academic books. Mang insisted the accusations are politically motivated, but he resigned. „The entire academic system in Romania is riddled by plagiarism and nepotism. These are its endemic diseases,“ Stefan Vlaston, the head of the Association for Education and Research that deals with education reform, told SETimes. Vlaston said education minister-designates are often selected from a pool of candidates without qualifications, but they seek the positions to reap the substantial benefits — and are often willing to go to great lengths to obtain them. The two scandals appeared amid an ongoing debate on the poor state of the country’s educational system. Last year, the Democrat-Liberal government installed video cameras during the baccalaureate exams to curb cheating, after which the passing rate dropped to less than 45% — the lowest in since 2000. Vlaston said a reform is under way to stem plagiarism and nepotism, but it needs both sustained government effort and public support to succeed. „The education law passed by the previous government has very tough stipulations against plagiarism and nepotism in the educational system. Now we have state institutions, such as the Research Ethic Council, that can check academic papers for plagiarism. After a year and a half, we can sense significant progress in fighting nepotism at universities, where 50% of employees were previously assessed as having no academic values,“ he said. Most bloggers said the scandals‘ gravity is greater than it seems. „We are talking about a word-for-word plagiarism by a university professor, a pro-rector, a lawmaker, a minister, a man seen by the government as representative of the Romanian academic community,“ Dr. Virgil Iordache, a researcher at the Biology Faculty of the Bucharest University, said. Partizanu argued the effects of plagiarism — often coupled with nepotism — leave Romanians wondering just who manages the educational system’s reform. „Are teachers motivated to be correct under such circumstances? If we want fair competition in schools and universities, then the situation also depends on teachers and professors. When they have Mr. Mang or his predecessor as their model, what kind of progress can we expect?“ Partizanu said. The Ad Astra association of Romanian scientists said „it is essential in Romania that any high-ranking official, proven to have plagiarised, is removed immediately and the academic title is withdrawn. Romania’s credibility in the world depends on the very fact the state dignitaries are irreproachable.“ The request is even more imperative to implement since the ministry of education and research is at stake, the communiqué said. „No other professional reason can justify the occupation of a public office by a person … found guilty of plagiarism and professional fraud. Not observing this principle is extremely harmful for the other academics, pupils and students and the whole society,“ the association said. In an article posted on VoxPublica, a blog platform, Constantin Cretan said that plagiarism has never been combated in a serious manner in Romania. … setimes rsität of New York, Tirana Wichtigste Produktiv Tätigkeit in Albanien: Handy Bomben bauen – Fälschungen aller Art Mit gefälschten Diplomen zur 2. höchsten Polizistin > Präsidentin des Kosovo aufsteigen: Atifete Jahjaga President of Kosovo: Man kauft sich Schul Zeugnisse und Titel in Albanien Albanian Lawyers Attack Corrupt Choice of Judges Tausende von gefälschten Diplome und Titel der Mafia Universität Tetova, sind erneut Schlagzeilen 7 Hoch Schul Lehrer der neuen Uni in Kamzes, sind der Korruption angeklagt. 7 Direktoren der Steuer Behörde wegen gefälschten Diplomen angeklagt. Österreich anerkennt Diplome Wissenschaftler und Bildung in Albanien und Mazedonien: Null Ahnung – und ein typischer Albaner Vorfall mit einer Fähre
Die Mehrheit der albanischen Geisteswissenschaftler standen bei einer Tagung in Tirana unter Kritik: »Anachronistische offizielle Deutungen der Geschichte und floskelhafte Sprachregelungen in albanischen Publikationen klingen vielfach noch wie aus der Mottenkiste der totalitären Regime des zwanzigsten Jahrhunderts«, erklärten junge albanische und ausländische Geister an der Konferenz. »Intellektuelle Starre und Diskursfeindlichkeit« wird den albanischen Geisteswissenschaftler weiter vorgeworfen. Man isoliere sich und ignoriere die internationale Forschung. Eine Aufarbeitung der kommunistischen Vergangenheit habe noch nicht stattgefunden. >> Lesenswerter Bericht von Pandeli Pani, Deutsche Welle: Wissenschaft im Dienste der Ideologie
Report: poor education affects Albanias economic growth
TIRANA, Albania The low level of education in Albania is hindering economic growth, according to a new report by the World Bank, quoted by local media on Monday (November 30th). Albania has fewer educated employees compared to developed countries and countries in the region, the document concluded. Currently, Albania has the lowest number of high school graduates 48.7% compared to 62% in the Balkans. By the end of 2009, more than half of the big companies in the country cited lack of knowledge among their employees as their biggest barrier. The World Bank said this is critical, as companies are the catalyst for potential future economic growth. Albania is spending less on education, the report noted, and ten times less on scientific research than EU countries. (Top Channel, News 24, Top News – 30/11/10) A New Agenda for Albanias Future Growth (Press Release) Albanische Wissenschaft isoliert sich Albanien Kosovo:: mit einem Null Bildungs Stand und selbst ernannten Partei Buch Lehrer
Universität New York – Tirana
In Albania, Can a U.S. Diploma Deliver?
TIRANA, ALBANIA Rising above the dingy back streets of the Albanian capital, the silhouette, instantly recognizable, shines out like a promise: the Statue of Liberty, symbol of America, land of opportunity and also the logo of the University of New York, Tirana (U.N.Y.T.), where students pay more than $32,500 for what a sign in the lobby describes as the only real European and American education in the country.
On its elaborate Web site, U.N.Y.T. paints a glowing picture of students enjoying a typical American university experience complete with student union, college sports, and campus social life without having to ever leave Albania. Although known locally as New York University-Tirana the name listed on its official charter from the Albanian government the school has no connection with the campus in Greenwich Village. Nor does it have a dining hall, dormitories, gym, or stadium the Web page covering sports has been under construction for more than a year. The photograph of a library, featured on the cover of the schools handsomely printed brochure, was in fact taken elsewhere, school officials concede.
But the classes are in English. And thanks to an arrangement with the State University of New York this private Albanian institution does offer its 650 students the chance to acquire an American diploma. By paying the for-profit U.N.Y.T. an extra $100 per credit, for the first three years plus an additional $5,000 for the final year, students can graduate with a degree from Empire State College, a division of SUNY based in Saratoga Springs devoted to adult education and nontraditional learning.
Known by various labels validated or franchised degrees, supported programs, or branch campuses such arrangements between universities in the United States, Britain or Australia and various private providers in the developing world have become increasingly common.
While students in Tirana seem satisfied, critics say that with a revenue structure based on tuition fees, and an admissions process subject to the need to recruit paying customers, all too frequently these arrangements deliver the form, but not the substance, of an academic education.
Armand Kapllani, a 2007 Empire State/U.N.Y.T. graduate now studying at Southern Methodist University in Dallas said that many of his courses were pitched at the level of an American high school. We didnt even learn how to use a financial calculator. You are graduating with a degree in finance and you dont know how to use the calculator, he said.
But Gavin Lowder, director of international programs at SUNY Empire State, says U.N.Y.T. is held to the same academic guidelines as the rest of the college. There are no separate standards for our Tirana program.
Konstantine Giakoumis, U.N.Y.T.s deputy rector, said in an interview that the curriculum is jointly drafted and approved by committees of both universities.
On a recent visit to the Albanian campus, SUNYs influence seemed more like a label than an active presence. The overwhelming majority of courses are taught by local faculty members hired without any input from SUNY, who also have little say over the content. Of 15 Empire State courses offered in the autumn 2011 catalogue, only three appear to be taught by instructors with doctorates. Our teachers are not SUNY faculty. Not directly, said Mr. Giakoumis. Empire State College, he added does not have centrally managed exams. Instead exams are set and marked by the faculty in Tirana.
Faculty members teaching SUNY courses are expected to be approved by the program director, Mr. Lowder said in an e-mail. As part of the approval process, résumés are reviewed and approved. Where possible, faculty are interviewed prior to the semester, he said. But he admitted that faculty teaching U.N.Y.T. courses are not subject to Empire State review or approval. For example, Mr. Giakoumis holds a bachelors degree from Athens University and a doctorate from the Center for Byzantine, Ottoman and Modern Greek Studies at the University of Birmingham, yet teaches both U.S. History and Diplomatic History.
Asked about the claim that the school offers an American education, school officials said that the description is echoing the universitys concerned and concentrated efforts to adopt the best models from well-established American universities.
Mr. Kapllani said a group of three to four faculty members from SUNY visited the campus once or maybe twice a year.
According to Mr. Lowder, a team from Empire State last visited Tirana in October; the second visit this year is scheduled for the end of February. Because of budget constraints, the program director does not make visits outside of the team visits unless absolutely necessary, he said.
To students, what matters is the credential the prestige of an American degree. And on that score Mr. Kapllani had no complaints. I had a wonderful time there when I was a student. A degree from U.N.Y.T. is quite respectable and it opens many doors in Albania, he said.
Anisa Vrenozi, currently a junior, said My studying experience in this university has been an excellent one, and I think I have made the best choice choosing this university.
But Philip Altbach, director of the Center for International Higher Education at Boston College, says student satisfaction may not be the right measure. The demand for American or British credentials is so high, regulation so lax, and the opportunity for profit so tempting that when universities balance their educational missions against their business interests education often loses, he said. American universities, he said, had a special responsibility to make sure we live up to our own standards in any overseas venture.
On paper, the 13-page Memorandum of Understanding between SUNY and the University of New York, Tirana, supplied on request to a reporter, appears to spell out high standards. Although students can take as many as 96 credits, or about three years worth of courses, from U.N.Y.T. and need only 32 SUNY credits to graduate, all students must fulfill the specific requirements set forth in the E.S.C. guidelines for the degree and the specific major.
These include SUNYs general education requirements and all pre-requisite courses for a students chosen major. Albanian faculty members teaching E.S.C. courses appointments are subject to joint approval by both institutions. Student progress is also monitored by both institutions, and Empire States Academic Program Director is authorized to review grade distribution in all courses and for all faculty.
On the ground in Tirana the picture is less reassuring. Although the memorandum describes both schools as partners, the precise nature of the relationship between SUNY and U.N.Y.T. is difficult to pin down. U.N.Y.T. is itself part of the New York College Group logo: the Statue of Liberty in blue silhouette over the initials NYC a Greek company with outposts in Athens and Thessaloniki and other branches in Prague and Belgrade.
William Lawton, director of the Observatory on Borderless Higher Education, a London-based research institution that monitors academic exchange, said there are different levels of control, from validation and franchising up to branch campus. Basically in franchising the home institution provides the curriculum; in validation they dont.
But in the past year validation has become a badge of dishonor in British academic circles because of a series of scandals at the University of Wales, which was shown by the BBC to have validated bogus degrees at Fazley International College, a university named after its founder, a Malaysian pop star, and to have allowed students at Rayat London College, a private school offering University of Wales M.B.A. courses, to pay for qualifications. The damage to its reputation was so great that the university, founded in 1893, closed its doors in October.
According to Judith Eaton of the Council for Higher Education Accreditation in Washington, U.S. universities do not have the legal authority to accredit or otherwise sanction (validate) the awarding of a degree by another institution. Any joint arrangements would come within the purview of accrediting organizations that review the home campus, she said.
Empire State College, like the rest of SUNY, is accredited by the Middle States Commission on Higher Education, based in Philadelphia. Richard Pokrass, a spokesman for the organization, said in an e-mail, SUNY/Empire State College is accredited by our Commission, but University of New York, Tirana, is not. UNY-Tirana is approved by our Commission as an other instructional site for SUNY/Empire State College.
Asked whether the accreditors had ever seen his campus, Mr. Giakoumis said I believe inspectors travelled to Greece and Prague, but not to Tirana. Mr. Pokrass later confirmed that Other instructional sites are typically not visited.
On a brief visit at the end of January, a reporter watched Keler Gjika listlessly take a class on Advanced Finance through practice questions from Damodaran online, a popular Web site maintained by Aswath Damodaran, a professor at the Stern School of Business at New York University.
As students stared inertly at the projected screen images, the exercise seemed a long way from an American classroom and also in striking contrast to the atmosphere at the European University of Tirana, another private college on the other side of the city. All the classes there were in Albanian, but the lively discussion in classrooms and cafeteria, and the well-stocked and busy library suggested an institution where curiosity was as important as credentials.
Despite its offering only an Albanian degree, the rector, Tonin Gjuraj, said the school had no trouble filling its 2,500 places. Albania was a poor countsaid Mrry. An isolated country. People are eager to get ahead, . Gjuraj, a former Albanian ambassador to Israel.(Albanian Diplomat Mafia) Darjel Sina, who teaches law, described the schools tuition of $3,300 a year or $7,900 for a three-year course for those who pay in cash as not cheap. But its not expensive. For popular fields like medicine, law or finance, the competition at Albanias public universities, where tuition is $200 to $530 a year, is intense. The large number who fail to secure a place guarantees a demand for private providers.
Kevin Kinser, an expert on cross-border education at SUNY Albany (which is not connected to E.S.C.), said the U.N.Y.T. connection with Empire State College is a way of developing legitimacy a branding issue. The conflict comes into it when the public institution asks, why should we devote any attention to serving individuals outside our constituents? What weve found in our research is that if its out of state, its out of mind.
Although both Mitch Leventhal, SUNYs vice chancellor for global affairs, and Gavin Lowder, the director of Empire State Colleges international programs, declined to be interviewed, Mr. Lowder did answer questions by e-mail. This program is not funded by taxpayer dollars, Mr. Lowder said. It is a self-funded program. In addition, the program provides opportunities for Empire State College faculty to have international experience, which enhances teaching and learning. He insisted that faculty are hired only in consultation with E.S.C. and that the curriculum is in accordance with college guidelines.
It is also profitable. For every four-credit Empire State course offered at U.N.Y.T. collects $1,200 the price is fixed in dollars of which it keeps $384. The balance is passed along to SUNY, along with 68 percent of portfolio fees ($315), orientation ($50), telecommunication ($100 per term) and an assessment fee for transfer credits of as much as $1500. This year, U.N.Y.T. enrolled 111 students in Empire State courses; there are similar arrangements for New York Colleges campuses in Greece and the Czech Republic.
With no investment needed for buildings or teaching staff, and the promise of regular returns, such arrangements are increasingly popular with cash-strapped Western universities. In Albania, a country still emerging from long years of isolation under the Stalinist dictator Enver Hoxha, U.N.Y.T.s promise of a guarantee for your future will always find plenty of takers. But as Mr. Lawton, of the Observatory on Borderless Higher Education, warns, the financial risk is inverse to the risk to reputation.
SUNY is at the leading edge of commercialization, but in these days of financial pressure others will be close behind, said Philip Altbach. By relying on self-assessment, he warns, American accreditors are leaving the fox to regulate the chicken coop. http://www.nytimes.com/2012/02/13 D.D. Guttenplan (12 February 2012), In Albania, Can a U.S. Diploma Deliver?, The New York Times, retrieved February 14, 2012 http://www.unyt.edu.al/unyt/index.php?pg=contact Titel Werbung!
Jedes Studium und Fakultät, benötigt eine Anerkennung durch das Bildungs Ministerium in Albanien. Das extrem niedrige Bildungs Niveau, gepaart mit Ignoranz und einer Deppen Tradition, wird jeden weiteren Wirtschaftlichen Fortschritt von Albanien behindern, wie auch ein Weltbank Report nun feststellt. Prominetester Diplom Betrüger: Fadil Suleimani, und sein in 2009 verhaftet Frau: Guler (gefälschte Diplome im Tausender Paket, mit geklauten Original Stempeln der richtigen Universität. Neben den gekauften Diplomen in Phristina, Tirana, wurde vor allem der Verbrecher Fadil Sulejmani, mit seiner Tetova Universität bekannt, der sogar Einreise Verbot 2003 in die EU, EFTA Staaten und USA erhielt. Noch peinlicher in der Betrugs Ausbildung, sind dann auch noch inkompetente Professoren und Dozenten (sagt Bildungsminister Nikola Todorov) der Deutschen Welle), welche extrem dumm sind, weil man selbst alle Urkunden und Schulzeugnisse gekauft, was in Mazedonien amtlich festgestellt wurde. Und so verblödet ein Staat und ein Volk, was man bestens auch an den Politikern in Albanien sehen kann. Muster Beispiel auch hier der als Lulu, bekannte Innenminister Lulzim Basha, der in Holland (Utrecht, Erotik Bar Jan Bik ) eine lustige Bordell Karriere schon machte. Solche einfältige und dumme Leute, haben ja Europa eine 100% Garantie gegeben, das alle Albaner sich korrekt verhalten, was der Pyschopat Salih Berisha dann auch noch bestätigte. Garantien ist ein Markenzeichen, der Albanischen Verblödung, was sich so heute in der Politik tummelt. Das ist ziemlich identisch, mit dem Schwachsinn, von Schweine Grippe, Humanitären Kriegen und der ständigen Terror Gefahr in Deutschland. Just criminal idiots! Corruption in the judiciary is pervasive. Many judges issue rulings that do not appear to have any basis in law or fact, leading some to believe that the only plausible explanation is corruption or political pressure. Broad immunity enjoyed by judges prohibits prosecutors from investigating corruption allegations until they make a public request to the High Council of Justice to lift the accused judges immunity, and receive its approval. Few judges have been prosecuted for corruption because most criminal investigations must remain secret, at least initially, in order to be successful. .. http://tirana.usembassy.gov/press-releases2/2012-press-releases
01 Jun 12 / 14:09:03
Albania Reform Deadlock Worrying EU, Expert Says
The failure to meet an EU-imposed deadline to approve electoral reform and elect a new president have alarmed Brussels, and will damage Albania’s EU membership prospects, expert says.
|Stefan Fule and Sali Berisha|
Albania’s failure to pass the reform package has also become a problem for… Albanias bid for candidate status, Gjergji Vurmo, an EU integration expert at the Institute for Democracy and Mediation in Tirana, told Balkan Insight.
Vurmo said that Wednesdays statement by the EU Enlargement Commissioner, Stefan Fule, calling on political parties to uphold their pledges made to the EU on reforms, sends a clear message.
In case of failure, Tirana will celebrate its 100 the anniversary [of independence] without the EU candidate status this autumn, Vurmo said.
The EU had called on Albanian parties to pass a package on electoral reform, for which negotiations started in November by May 24, before the process of the election of a new president started.
Fule told Top Channel TV on Wednesday that the political parties had promised on his May 4 visit Tirana both to finalize reforms and agree on the election of a consensual president.
Important pledges were made on my last visit in Albania and I believe the politicians and the political parties will do their best in order to meet these pledges, he said.
The Commissioner said he would send soon European Commission Enlargement Director Stefano Sannino to Tirana in order to facilitate talks.
Albanias parties have yet to become politically reliable actors, not only in front of Brussels but most importantly in front of local voters, Vurmo said, while adding that it is time for the parties to stand by their pledges.
Das die OSCE das Sammelbecken Dritt Klassiger Gestalten ist, weiß sowieso jeder. Die OSCE organisierte 1997 ein neues Wahl Recht, was jedem primitiven Mini Verbrecher Clan erlaubte, unter dem Namen einer Partei mit fast Null Stimmen, ein Kommunales oder Parlaments Mandat zu erreichen, was zu den Terror Angriffen auf Grund Eigentum führte und der verbrecherischen Besetzung und Bebauung, von Grundstücken vor allem auch durch Kosovo Banden und im Griechischen Teil an der Süd Küste von Albanien. Eugen Wollfarth, will genau dort wieder weiter machen und erneut dieses verbrecherische System nun installieren, was zu 8.000 Toden auch in Albanien bereits führte, durch die Grundstücks Schiessereien. Diese Voll Deppen, oft aus den Bergen Albaniens denken nun mal, das man mit einem erkauften Bürgermeister Posten, oder der Immunität im Parlament, machen kann was man will, vor allem Geldwäsche ohne Ende aus den kriminellen Geschäften. Dies zu den atuellen Plänen, wo Eugen Wollfahrt, wohl noch mehr Destabilisierung in Albanien wünscht und noch mehr Chaos. Und genau das ist bekanntlich das grösste Problem in Albanien. Das Geschäft mit gefälschten und illegal besetzten Grundstücken und Immobilien ist mit neben der Geldwäsche ohne Ende, das grösste Geschäft Mafiösen Gruppen in Albanien. Die OSCE betet sowieso nur etwas nach, wie ein kleines Nachplabber Kind, was 100 mal von höheren Stellen, inklusive dem Deutschen- und US Botschafter wie auch USAID gesagt wurde.
Wer Alles an der neuen  Wahl Rechts Kommission teilnimmt, ist schon mehr wie interessant: Nonsens Labber Leute wie Ilir Rusmali und dann taucht dort auch der wahre Dirigent dieser Veranstaltung auf. Der International und in Albanien gut bekannte Super Verbrecher  Spartak Braho auf, der schon als Militär Staatsanwalt, im Enver Hodscha System Todes Urteile sprach, seine Söhne sind in prominente Morde verwickelt, wie Schiessereien und dann dieser peinliche Drogen Handel, wo Ilir Meta schon damals vor 10 Jahren als PM, die Visas besorgte, oder Söhne im Polizei Dienst die Drogen und Verbrecher Kartelle Dirigenten des Verbrechens sind und ausserdem stroh dumm.
Und hier schreibt der EU Botschafter Lutz Salzman ebenso in die Richtung eine deutliche Warnung an die Albanischen Politiker.
Er nennt es so diese dunklen Geschäfts Leute in der Politik:
The fact that some businessmen with a doubtful economic past want to run in the coming legislative elections is not good news
Der EU Botschafter Lutz Salzmann, warnt vor allem davor, das erneut das Organisierte Verbrechen sich in die Kandidaten Listen der Parteien einkaufen. (Kosten 150.000 $ nur für die Kandidatur). Diese sogenannten Business Männer, betreiben nicht nur die illegalen Geschäfte, sondern schrecken auch nicht davor zurück Korrurenten zu beseitigen, um ihre Gelder in angeblich sauberen Geschäften zu waschen. siehe Statement des US Botschafters Jeffrey, das viele Top Albanischen Business Männer Mörder sind.
EU threatens to stop talks on accord with Albania
The European Union warned on Friday it would stop negotiating an association and stabilization accord with Albania if Tirana does not hold free and fair elections, an official said. If the coming legislative elections will not be held in accordance with international and European norms, the European Union will freeze the negotiations over the accord of stabilization and association with Albania, said Lutz Salzmann, head of the EU office in Tirana. The EU has demanded from Albanian political officials to overcome their differences and adopt a legal and institutional framework in order to secure a just and free poll, which is to take place in June 2005. The fact that some businessmen with a doubtful economic past want to run in the coming legislative elections is not good news, Salzmann told reporters. He also demanded that Albanian politicians to distance themselves from the black market economy which has harmed the development of the country. European experts who help Albanian police in its fight against organized crime have noted a number of cases of embezzlement, smuggling or forging of documents, but the perpetrators can not be punished because some politicians are protecting them, Salzmann said. One of the poorest countries in Europe, Albania has since last year been negotiating a stabilization agreement with the EU, one of the key steps toward full membership. Tirana expects to sign the agreement this year, but the EU has yet to set a date. Albania faces huge problems in areas such as organized crime and an anemic economy, which was closed during decades of isolationist communist rule until the early 1990s.
 Texas Uni Server
Sabri Godo, zu der bereits  gescheiterten Wahl Rechts Reform des OSCE Chef: Eugen Wollfahrt
Wir haben das Jahr 2001! Man merkte das Albanische Mafia Politiker, jede Reform boykottieren, was ja auch am Profi Verbrecher Ilir Meta schon damals lag! Ansonsten schwätzt die OSCE, den selben Müll daher wie 2001 um eine Existenz Berechtigung zu haben. Umgesetzt wird absolut Nichts, was die Müll Halden der Politiker sich so ausdenken. Die OSCE, ist die Absteige, abgehalfteter Politiker, welche oft noch nie im Leben gearbeitet haben und keine normale Arbeit finden.
4.30 The Head of the OSCE Presence in Albania, Ambassador Geert- He deplored
the certain lack of co-operation by some in Albania, which led to the loss of
the opportunity for the timely reform of electoral structures.
4.25 There were irregularities in the form of missing valid ballots, missing
voter lists and unsealed ballot boxes, but the CEC was determined to
pronounce a result for Lushnje. The result of the proportional contest in this
zone raised the HRUP, DAP and AP over the 2.5% threshold and into
Parliament. The Central Election Commission (CEC) dismissed 5 out of the 7
Zone Election Commissioners (ZEC) from Lushnje following the highly
questionable handling of ballot boxes. The CEC also dismissed
Commissioners from several other zones.
4.26 The OSCE/ODIHR received about 1,000 complaints and reports of
irregularities during the elections from political parties, candidates and
members of election commissions
4.49 The Prosecutor General had been investigating the 4.49 The Prosecutor General had been investigating the alleged corruption
of a minister in Ilir Metas government, before Metas January 2002
resignation. Meta reportedly accused Rakipi of a scandalous inability to fight
crime and corruption and of becoming a tool of Fatos Nano.
4.45 The Prosecutor General** had been investigating the alleged corruption
of a minister in Ilir Metas government, before Metas January 2002
resignation. Meta reportedly accused Rakipi of a scandalous inability to fight
crime and corruption and of becoming a tool of Fatos Nano. [23h] President
Meidani approved the dismissal of the General Prosecutor on 25 March 2002.
Rakipi maintained that his dismissal was politically motivated because he had
been investigating accusation of corruption against politicians. Theodhori
Sollaku replaced him. [32i
4.47 Leaders of Albanias main political parties agreed in Tirana on 23 June
2002 to support Alfred Moisiu in a parliamentary vote for president, the
following day. The decision to pick a candidate on the basis of all-party
consensus came in response to repeated warnings from the European Union
that Albania must establish political stability if it wants to forge closer links to
Brussels. A former army general, Moisiu was deputy defence minister from
1974 to 1981. He became defence minister in 1991 during the collapse of
communism and served as an adviser to the defence minister from 1992 to
1997. [B]Artur Kuko, Albanias Ambassador to the European Union, had
previously been selected as a compromise candidate but he rejected the
Alles bekannt, über die Verbrecher Organisation des Ilir Meta, und 2 General Staatsanwälte ermittelten gegen ihn, und wurden sogar von der damaligen SP Partei ernannt.
Diese Fakten ignorierten mit Vorsatz, die enorm kriminellen Banden, der Deutschen Lobby Vereine des DAW, Joschka Fischer, oder ein  Ludgar Vollmer wie Leute wie korrupte SPD Gestalten, welche nur noch ein Ziel sahen, Verbrecher Kartelle an der Macht zuhalten. Die Skandale, rund um den Visa Skandal, Bundesdruckerei Skandal, Deutsche Entwicklungshilfe, tode Deutsche, kriminelle Diplomaten füllen Bände und es gibt genügend Zeit Zeugen dafür.
Die Fakten zeigen Eines sehr deutlich, das diese Diplomaten Mafia um den besoffenen Botschafter Peter Kiewitt, um den Nachfolger Peter Annen dessen Qualifikation ein Literator Studium ist und war, einfach der Motor für den Aufbau einer rein kriminell agierenden Struktur ist, welche allein in Albanien weit über 300 Millionen unterschlagaen konnte und direkt auch mit dem Mafiös auftretenden Bestechungs Verein DAW kooperierte.
Die Firma Rodeco und die GTZ wurden von der Stadt Durres in 2006 gefeuert, nachdem man für ein absolutes Nichts mit dem Kavaje und Durres Projekt über 100 Millionen unterschlagen und abgerechnet hatte im Laufe der Jahre, mit folgenden Resultat (wobei diese Thyssen Rohre teilweise schon 1996 geliefert wurden)
Die hoch dotierten Deutschen Diplomaten können eigentlich nur dieses Erfolgs Modell vorweisen seit Ende 1998, wobei wir den Deutschen Ex-Botschafter Borchardt und die jetzige Botschafterin aussen vor lassen. siehe auch BKA Bericht, denn nur in Partnerschaft mit der der Prominenz der Verbrecher, wie Sokol Kociu, Hekuran Hoxha, den Shabanis und Co. sah man seine persönliche Note der Diplomatie im Visa Verkauft, an Islamische Terroristen und Drogen Bosse, welche getarnt als Geschäftsleute für Geldwäsche sich vorstellten. Der beste Visa Verkaufs Ring der Albaner Mafia, war ebenso ein Erfolgs Modell der Deutschen Botschaft und der Sohn des Polizei Chefs, als Albanischer Visa Stellen Leiter praktisch, war einfach Spitze darin.
So sieht Deutsche Entwicklungs Projekte in der Realität aus! Bezahlt wurden eine ordentliche Verlegung in 1,5 Meter Tiefe und die engen Partner der GTZ und Botschafts Mafia organisierten das dann so:
Ober Flächen Verlegung in eine Mulde und einfachen Graben, so daß man dann vor Ort, gleich die Grundstücke illegal mit verkaufen konnte, was zu einer enormen Ansiedlung von kriminellen Banden aus dem Kosovo und Nord Albanien führte.
Diese illegale Besiedlung und Zerstörung der Infrastuktur des Landes Albanien durch die Mafia Methoden der Deutschen Botschaft und der GTZ (finanziert werden kriminelle Bestechungs Projekte wie bei Siemens bewiesen in Milliarden Höhe von der KfW) , ist heute eines der grössten Probleme in Albanien.
|Prime Minister Sali Berisha|
29 May 2012 Last updated at 13:15 GMT
An investigation by the BBC and the Organised Crime and Corruption Reporting Project (OCCRP) has uncovered documents which cast serious doubt on plans for the tiny Balkan nation of Montenegro to join the European Union.
Montenegro is an official candidate to join the EU and accession talks begin next month. This is despite concerns about allegations of political and financial corruption, which have led to the country being described as a „mafia state“ – a claim which is forcibly rejected by the Montenegrin government.
The country has no currency of its own and has already unilaterally adopted the euro, despite concerns from Brussels. It is expected to be in the next batch of nations to join the EU after neighbouring Croatia becomes a member next year.
Montenegro’s former Prime Minister, Milo Djukanovic, who is still president of the country’s ruling party, was investigated by the Italian anti-mafia unit and faced charges over a billion-dollar cigarette smuggling operation based in Montenegro. Those charges were eventually dropped in 2009. As head of state, Mr Djukanovic had diplomatic immunity.
Now documents seen by the BBC raise further concerns about the man described as the „father of the Montenegrin nation“.
Corruption is still an issue of serious concern
An audit by accountants Price Waterhouse, carried out in 2010, raised questions about the running of the country’s Prva Banka, or „First Bank“, which is controlled by the Djukanovic family. The audit suggests that most of the money deposited at the bank came from public funds, while two thirds of the loans it made went to the Djukanovics and their close associates.
Miranda Patrucic, a Sarajevo-based investigator for the OCCRP, told the BBC that the Djukanovics and their associates „treated the bank like an ATM machine. A wonderful source of cash.“
The handling of key privatisations, as the former Yugoslav country emerged from decades of communism, has caused widespread anger as Montenegrins have seen bills for services like electricity soar.
Thousands have taken to the streets, marching under yellow banners, accusing their political leaders of looting the country. They are demanding that Mr Djukanovic is put on trial.
Vanya Calovic, leader of an anti-corruption opposition movement, told the BBC: „Everyone is closing their eyes on the fact the country, government, executive, all parts of the power are linked to organised crime.“
Milo Djukanovic, as Montenegrin prime minister during the Balkan wars, ordered the shelling of the ancient city of Dubrovnik in Croatia. Montenegro, which has a population of just 670,000, was an ally of the Serbs under Slobodan Milosovic.
It faced UN sanctions and turned to large scale smuggling of American cigarettes into Europe. They were distributed by Italian mafia, which is why the Italians launched their investigation. It found that Montenegro earned hundreds of millions of dollars a year from the trade.
After the break-up of Yugoslavia, Prime Minister Djukanovic became an ally of the West. In 2006, the United Nations recognised Montenegro as an independent state and the prime minister embarked on a series of privatisations. One of these was the sale of a small state-owned bank in which the Djukanovic family bought a controlling stake.
‚Serious concern‘In 2009, Price Waterhouse Coopers were contracted to audit Prva Bank. The draft report was never published but the BBC has seen the document. It looked at the biggest loans and found that most were made to groups linked to the Djukanovics, and people linked to them.
Research by OCCRP has shown that they included companies connected with Stanko Subotic, who was also indicted by the Italian anti-mafia unit, and Darko Saric, who is a convicted drug smuggler, now on the run.
Montenegro’s dramatic coastline and walled cities have made it a magnet for foreign visitors. In 2008, the tourist board was involved in an invitation to Madonna to stage a concert in the coastal resort of Budva. The BBC has seen paperwork which shows that the Djukanovic-controlled bank paid the fee, $7.5m (£5m), even though it was unable to pay its own depositors on time because of a shortage of funds.
The BBC approached Mr Djukanovic and Prva Bank to respond to the allegations against them, but neither has replied.
After the crisis in Greece there will be concerns about any lack of transparency in Montenegrin finances. The influential American publication, Foreign Affairs, described Montenegro as a „mafia state“ earlier this year.
It is a charge echoed by Milka Tadic, the publisher of the independent local magazine, Monitor.
„If you have a former prime minister accused of smuggling, best friends with the mafia, how can you say we are not a mafia state?“ she said.
In 2010, Mr Djukanovic stood down and was replaced by Igor Luksic, a 35-year-old English-speaking economist with an honest reputation. His appointment was initially welcomed by the opposition, but now they accuse him of failing to tackle the corruption of the Djukanovic era.
Mr Luksic told the BBC that claims his country is a mafia state are „ungrounded“.
He said: „Montenegro belongs to a rare number of countries that have managed to make progress on every internationally recognisable indicator.“
He accepts that his predecessor, Milo Djukanovic, is controversial.
„How could you not be after 20 years in Balkan politics?“ he asks.
He argues that Mr Djukanovic is a friend to the West, and has steered Montenegro towards EU and Nato membership.
Last week the European Commission gave the go-ahead for accession talks to proceed next month. But it warned: „Corruption is still an issue of serious concern.“
It said it would continue to monitor the country’s progress as it approached accession.
The accession of the Balkan countries remains a key priority for those in charge of European expansion, and Prime Minister Luksic is hoping the talks will allow him to show the country is changing for the better. But for the government’s critics, there first needs to be accountability for the alleged crimes and misdemeanours of Mr Djukanovic’s two decades in power.
Watch Meirion Jones and Liz MacKean’s full report on Tuesday 29 May at 22:30 BST on BBC Two, then afterwards on the BBC iPlayer and Newsnight website.
First Bank had all the advantages. It was controlled by the Prime Ministers family. It got huge deposits including government money. That money was then loaned out to friends and business partners of the First Family. But it was poorly managed and when it wouldn’t listen to regulators, it only made the situation worse. But in the end, it wasn’t the First Family who paid. It was the people of Montenegro.
First Bank financed a huge 4.6 million line of credit in 2008 for Svetlana Micunovic, wife of controversial casino owner Branislav Micunovic, without checking her finances, without collateral and without paperwork. They also gave Micunovics company Dzek Pot, which had posted significant losses for two years, a 200,000 loan guarantee without conducting any financial analysis or guaranteeing the credit.
Montenegrin taxpayers wound up footing the 4.3 million bill for Madonnas Balkan debut in 2008. And the real company behind the event was First Bank, according to documents obtained by OCCRP. The concert not only broke promises that no public money would be used, it also depleted First Banks resources at a time it was already unable to honor requests for money from its own depositors.
OCCRP partnered with the BBC Newsnight program. There story can be seen here. A BBC television piece will be available on BBC World and Newnight tonight. Turn into local listing.