Investigations – including of corruption and fraud: EU watchdog investigating European Investment Bank for maladministration

Die Europäische Investitionsbank hat seit ihrer Gründung im Jahr 1958 die Aufgabe,

Das Diebstahl Mafia Imperium des Betruges: des Suma Chakrabarti, EBRD Präsident

Das Diebstahl Mafia Imperium des Betruges: des Suma Chakrabarti, EBRD Präsident

 

EU watchdog investigating European Investment Bank for maladministration

The European Investment Bank (EIB) is being investigated for maladministration, after the European Ombudsman sent a formal letter opening the case this week (27 February 2017).

The investigation comes after ClientEarth, CEE Bankwatch Network and Counter Balance highlighted the lack of transparency at the bank, and its attempts to block scrutiny. This complaint, submitted in September 2016, was accepted by the Ombudsman, which announced it would investigate the case and ask the EIB to explain its transparency policy and reaction to the NGOs’ challenge.

ClientEarth, CEE Bankwatch Network and Counter Balance complained because the EIB – which invests around €80 billion in projects annually – blocked a challenge to its new transparency policy from the three NGOs.

The EIB has a huge impact on environmental decisions around the world, from whether a dam will be built on vulnerable ecosystems to whether funding will go to renewables or fossil fuels.

Its transparency policy keeps all information about investigations – including of corruption and fraud – confidential. It also creates illegal exceptions to people’s right to scrutinise the bank. Given the amount of money at stake, this raises serious concerns about the accountability of the bank.

ClientEarth lawyer Anaïs Berthier said: “If the EIB stops public scrutiny of its actions using its so-called transparency policy – and blocks challenges to that policy – it is failing doubly in its duties. The complaint mechanism is there to make sure the bank – and the projects it funds – are accountable for every Euro of public money spent, so it is essential that people can use it.”

Director of Counter Balance Xavier Sol said: “As an NGO coalition promoting a high level of transparency for the EU public banks, we welcome the Ombudsman’s decision to open an investigation. We hope this will shed light on the culture of secrecy still prevailing at the EIB and on the need for the bank to raise the bar on transparency. Indeed it is key for European taxpayers to know that European funds are spent in the public interest.”

Anna Roggenbuck, Policy officer at CEE Bankwatch Network said: “The European Ombudsman opened its investigation after our initial complaint was rejected by the Complaints Mechanism of the EIB on inadmissibility grounds. The Ombudsman decision is a clear signal the claims were admissible. We are glad she will investigate the way the complaint office took its decision a few months after it first confirmed admissibility for the complaint, and whether it was caused by management intervention.”

Now, the Ombudsman will ask the European Investment Bank to respond to the complaints. If she finds the bank guilty of maladministration, she will make recommendations to improve its transparency. This would shed light on the bank’s practices and exert significant pressure to improve.

Read ClientEarth’s Complaint to the European Investment Bank about its Complaint Mechanism alleging noncompliance of the European Investment Bank’s Transparency Policy with EU and international law on access to information

Read ClientEarth’s complaint to the European Ombudsman on the European Investment Bank’s Transparency Policy

Read the letter from European Obmudsman responding to ClientEarth’s complaint about the European Investment Bank

http://bankwatch.org/news-media/for-journalists/press-releases/eu-watchdog-investigating-european-investment-bank-maladmi

NATO dropped 10t of depleted Uranium on Kosovo in 1999

NATO dropped 10t of depleted Uranium on Kosovo in 1999
Thursday, 09 March 2017
Kosovo’s environmental organizations have sounded the red alarm after the Gazeta Express published that NATO hid a report which says that during the 1999 bombing NATO threw out as many as 10 tons of depleted uranium.

Media in Kosovo have published even the exact locations where the bombs fell the most during the bombing. The map shows that the biggest concentration of bombs was in the Sar Planina region and the Dervenska Klisura and Kacanik region.

The report says that uranium adversely influences the quality of air, soil and water, and can cause abortions and cancer.

In terms of soil pollution, the biggest impact is on  corn, sun flower, soya, sugar beet and all vegetables.

Due to this fact, the whole amount of food Kosovo gets  is from import. After the bombing, the locals were advised not to plant their fields as the pollution is great and planting can have serious consequences on their health.

Foreign soldiers in Kosovo (KFOR) were forbidden to eat outside their bases which serves as proof that they were aware of the adverse effects of NATO’s bombs.

No matter what the effects though, Kosovo has built statues of both Bill and Hillary Clinton for „services“ rendered.

Christoph Heusgen – Frank Walter Steinmeier : The Agents of the Anti-Russian U.S. „War Party“ in Europe

Was kostet ein Deutscher Aussenminister? extrem wenig, wenn man Montenegro als Leuchte der Demokratie verkauft

NATO wird zum Partner der Montenegrinischen Mafia mit Dukanovic

The Leaked Montenegrin Government Files: Part I- A Rift Within NATO Confirmed

In April 2015, Marko Milačić, a well-known Montenegrin journalist and then the director of the Movement for Neutrality of Montenegro, obtained a set of confidential Montenegrin government files focusing on the issues surrounding Montenegro’s membership in NATO.[i] While the leaking of these files caused quite a commotion within the corrupt Montenegrin ruling circles and was […]

As was pointed out by some Montenegrin analysts at the time, in this way, the German ambassador

Bildergebnis für Gudrun Steinacker

Gudrun Steinacker violated the basic rules of diplomacy in that she publicly interpreted the speech of the president of another country, whereas the ambassador of the country in question made no comment.[vi] Her actions exposed the extent to which NATO agitators are willing to degrade and destroy any formal and informal international norms

The Leaked Montenegrin Government Files: Part II – the U.S. Agents of Influence within the German Government

friendship with terrorist and Top ORGANIZED CRIME

Montenegro Opposition: Criminal Structures want to force Country into NATO

Montenegro, ‘a pawn in the Great Powers’ games’:: Dukanovic: 2015 MAN OF THE YEAR IN ORGANIZED CRIME

The Agents of the Anti-Russian U.S. „War Party“ in Europe
In the previous installment of my analysis of the leaked Montenegrin government files, I discussed the U.S. visit of Igor Lukšić, who was then the minister of foreign affairs of Montenegro, and his meetings with Victoria Nuland, assistant secretary of state for European and Eurasian Affairs, Charles (Charlie) Kupchan, a presidential advisor and director for Europe in the National Security Council, and three U.S. senators: John McCain, chairman of the Armed Services committee, Ron Johnson, chairman of the subcommittee on Europe and Regional Security Cooperation, and Christopher Murphy, vice-chairman of the same subcommittee.[1] Based on the confidential report of their conversations with Lukšić compiled by the Embassy of Montenegro in Washington, DC, I was able to show that there exists a significant rift within NATO as to whether the further expansion of the alliance is a good idea.

It is also interesting to note that the most revealing statements on this matter were made by the president Obama’s advisor Kupchan. In fact, it was he who recommended to Lukšić to meet and closely consult with

CIA Agent: Christoph Heusgen

Christoph Heusgen, the advisor to the German chancellor Angela Merkel for foreign and security policy, during his upcoming visit to Berlin. In this way, in my opinion, Kupchan signaled that Heusgen was one of the key U.S. agents of influence placed in the top echelon of the German government and therefore a trusted aide in sustaining and furthering the U.S. geopolitical agenda in Europe, especially its aggressive, militaristic stance toward Russia. And, indeed, as I will show, the leaked confidential report of Lukšić’s visit to Berlin, written by the officials at the Embassy of Montenegro in Berlin, bears this out.

Lukšić visited Berlin on March 24, 2015, about ten days after his visit to the U.S. He first met with the German foreign minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier. Steinmeier became the foreign minister of Germany in December 2013 as the result of the grand coalition between the two largest German political parties, the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) and the Social Democratic Party (SPD). While CDU’s Angela Merkel kept her job as the chancellor, Steinmeier,  as the SPD leader, became the foreign minister. He was also a foreign minister in the earlier grand coalition arrangement from 2005 to 2009 and a vice-chancellor from 2007 to 2009.

What is very curious is that in the last few years, since the eruption of the Ukrainian crisis, Steinmeier has positioned himself in the public eye as the supporter of a less hardline approach toward Russia. He was for instance one of the key advocates of the Minsk Accords I-II, which he negotiated together with the Russian foreign minister Sergey Lavrov, and which probably offer the only realistic chance of putting an end to the conflict in Ukraine.[2] In addition, he has travelled to Russia frequently and met with the Russian president Vladimir Putin.[3] And yet, according to the leaked report, during the meeting with Lukšić, there were several instances where Steinmeier expressed a clear hostility toward Russia and the Russian influence in the Balkans.

First, Steinmeier stated that he was pleased with Montenegro in its ability to remain consistent in its foreign policy toward Russia (that is to say, in sustaining the anti-Russian policies, such as the economic sanctions and critical political rhetoric), even though it had found itself under the intense Russian pressure. He claimed that Russia was actively engaged in vastly expanding its influence in the Balkans and inquired whether Lukšić could describe the concrete cases of the Russian activities in Montenegro.

Lukšić appeared eager to comply and pointed out the presence of what he referred to as „the Russian propaganda“ for which he accused certain opposition parties, non-governmental organizations, and the Serbian Orthodox Church. He stated that it was this Russian-financed „propaganda“ which was responsible for low public support for NATO membership of Montenegro, as if the citizens of Montenegro had not been highly critical of NATO, even before the re-shaping of the Russian foreign and security policy under Putin. This attempt of Lukšić to ascribe the legitimate civic concerns to foreign manipulation was condemned by many Montenegrin public figures after the report was leaked to the press and led to a lawsuit against him by the Movement for Neutrality of Montenegro (MNMNE), which is still ongoing.[4]

Lukšić also tried to assuage Steinmeier’s fears about the Russian economic influence in Montenegro by claiming that after the sanctions were put in place, the volume of economic activity had drastically fallen and that the Russians were now generally present only as tourists. Even the number of Russian tourists was declining, Lukšić added (most likely with enthusiasm in his voice), as if this was a good thing and not a serious problem for the Montenegrin budget. This is yet another example of how ideological commitment to the „Euro-Atlantic“ [NATO] agenda by the corrupt Montenegrin ruling class, to which Lukšić belongs, goes directly against the vital economic interests of the Montenegrin citizens.

Lukšić’s next meeting in Berlin was with Christoph Heusgen, Angela Merkel’s advisor, for whom, as I pointed out earlier, there is a strong reason to believe that he is more willing to serve the U.S. hegemonic foreign policy goals in Europe than the national interest of the government he is supposed to be advising. The national interest of Germany is economic cooperation and political detente with Russia, and not antagonistic relations pushed for by the NATO political and military figures and the „war party“ in Washington, DC, which includes the members of both the Republican and Democrat political establishments and is ideologically legitimized by the Council on Foreign Relations and the Atlantic Council. The German-Russian animosities have proven disastrous for Germany not once, but twice during the last century and any repetition of hostility would lead to the same tragic outcome.

Heusgen, however, seemed indifferent to the abyss into which the further confrontation with Russia may push Germany, and, in his conversation with Lukšić, he displayed a sharp anti-Russian tone. He demanded to know whether any Montenegrin top officials would attend the Victory Day parade in Moscow scheduled to celebrate the 70th anniversary of the end of the WWII in Europe. As I have written at the time, there was a concerted effort on the part of the U.S.-NATO circles to make sure that no European head of state or government accepted Putin’s invitation in order to deepen the isolation of Russia from the international community.[5] This effort was largely successful and the only European states that sent their top officials to attend the parade were Serbia and Macedonia.

Lukšić replied to Heusgen that the final decision about the parade had not been made yet, but took Heusgen’s hint so seriously that not long after his return to Montenegro, the president Filip Vujanović announced that he would in fact not attend the parade, even though he had already accepted the invitation. This sudden U-turn created a diplomatic scandal as the Russian ambassador to Montenegro Andrei Nesterenko publicly expressed his surprise, underscoring the pitiful lack of independence in the Montenegrin leadership’s decision making.[6]

Heusgen also told Lukšić that Germany would strongly support a positive decision on the invitation to Montenegro to join NATO at the meeting of NATO foreign ministers in December 2015. In fact, he promised that Germany would lobby for the Montenegrin cause among those NATO member states which have publicly stated their reluctance to vote for further expansion, such as France. In addition, Heusgen demonstrated very sophisticated knowledge of the U.S. domestic political process (no doubt due to his close cooperation with Obama’s advisor Kupchan) in that he claimed that it would make it easier for the U.S. if the invitation was issued at this meeting rather than at the 2016 NATO Summit in Warsaw, because NATO expansion with just one country (and as small as Montenegro) would be „a difficult sell“ in the U.S. Congress. Needless to say, this shows a high degree of conspiratorial non-transparency with the intention to mislead the legitimate representatives of the American people by those political forces whose grand geopolitical design is the militaristic encirclement of Russia.

Moreover, Heusgen promised Lukšić the German logistical and financial assistance in confronting what, based on Lukšić’s complaints, he perceived as the Russian influence in the Montenegrin political life. The primary focus of these activities was to be directed at raising the public support for NATO membership (which hovers around 30 percent) as well as supporting the various pro-NATO media outlets and organizations. In fact, it was precisely this type of foreign money infusion that has enabled the pro-NATO camp to stay afloat in Montenegro all these years, considering that NATO membership has no internal grounding or domestic legitimacy in the vast segments of the Montenegrin population.

In conclusion, one can say that this leaked Montenegrin government report has revealed the full extent to which both the German foreign minister Steinmeier and the top Merkel’s advisor Heusgen, contrary to their public appearance and rhetoric, have been willing to act as the agents of the anti-Russian U.S. „war party“ in Europe. This is a serious matter that needs to be taken into consideration not only by the German people whose representatives they purport to be, but also by the citizens of other EU nations, considering that similar agents of influence operate within their political elites as well. Without the timely discovery and political replacement of these individuals, another big-scale war in Europe may be around the corner.

# # # #
Dr. Filip Kovacevic, Newsbud-BFP Analyst & commentator, is a geopolitical author, university professor and the chairman of the Movement for Neutrality of Montenegro. He received his BA and PhD in political science in the US and was a visiting professor at St. Petersburg State University in Russia for two years. He is the author of seven books, dozens of academic articles & conference presentations and hundreds of newspaper columns and media commentaries. He has been invited to lecture throughout the EU, Balkans, ex-USSR and the US. He currently resides in San Francisco. He can be contacted at fk1917@yahoo.com

NOTES

[1] http://www.boilingfrogspost.com/2016/09/14/the-leaked-montenegrin-government-files-part-i-a-rift-within-nato-confirmed/

[2] http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/ukraine/11408266/Minsk-agreement-on-Ukraine-crisis-text-in-full.html

[3] https://sputniknews.com/politics/20160323/1036804101/kremlin-steinmeier-putin-meeting.html

[4] http://mondo.me/a446827/Info/Crna-Gora/Pokret-za-neutralnost-tuzi-MVPEI-i-Luksica.htm l

[5] http://www.boilingfrogspost.com/2015/04/17/bfp-exclusive-guess-whos-coming-to-the-moscow-parade/

[6] http://www.cdm.me/politika/nesterenko-vujanovic-prvo-potvrdio-dolazak-u-moskvu-pa-se-predomislio

Newsbud Exclusive – The Coup That Never Was: A False NATO Intelligence Narrative in Montenegro

There is an old anecdote about the different types of intelligence agencies. It says that a mediocre intelligence agency is protecting the government from the coup, a good intelligence agency is participating in the coup, while the best intelligence agency is organizing it. Mind you, the government in question is not the foreign government, but […]

Nepotismus: Massenmorde, Kinder Sklaven von Barzani bis Steinmeier: die Fan Gemeinde des US Mafia Clans Gambino mit den Clintons

Schlimmer wie Hitler heute die Deutsche Regierung und sogenannen Aussenminister. Giftgas Angriff in Ghuta, Syrien, Terroristen und Kopfabhacker Finanzierung, bis zur Albaner Drogen Mafia

Aktiv finanziert nun Steinmeier mit Deutschen Waffen die Ethnischen Säuberungen gegen die Jesiden im Nord Irak, mit seinem Nepotismus Verbrecher Clans Barzani, der sogar ein Generalkonsulat in Berlin erhielt, für Drogen, Waffen und Menschenschmuggel. Deutscher Vertreter der US Mafia Nr. 1: Gambino Clan, mit Hillary Clinton.

Seymour Hersh : Hillary Clinton, organiserte den Giftgas Angriff in der syrischen Stadt Ghuta usw..

Ethnische Säuberungen mit reinen Banditen Clans, damit hatte Steinmeier, die US und NATO Kriminellen noch nie ein Problem. Lügen über Lügen von Steinmeier und Ursula von der Leyen, obwohl die Morde und Verbrechen bestens dokumentiert sind auch mit Bundeswehr Waffen und Ausbildern. PKK genehmigte Demonstrationen, gab es auch schon in Deutschland, obwohl das nur Kurdische Verbrecher Clans in Deutschland sind, vom Steuerzahler finanziert um kriminelle Netzwerke aufzubauen.

Promoter des Barzani Verbrecher Clans, um mit den AA Verbrecher Clan, möglichst viel Geld zustehlen, was spurlos verschwindet, wie die Deutschen Waffen, welche der Barzani Clan dann an Teroristen verkauft, welche von den USA ansonsten finanziert werden.

Partner im Schwer Verbrechen: Frank Walter Steinmeier und Massod Barzani

Wie 2014 prognostiziert: Barzani proklamiert unabhängiges irakisches Kurdistan und „Auflösung“ des Irak

Gestützt von deutschen Truppen, deren „militärisches Verbindungselement“ bereits ohne Beschluss des abwesenden Bundestages im August 2014 entsendet worden war, sowie in enger Kooperation mit Tayyip Erdogan, türkischem Militär und Geheimdienst, fordert der Präsident der Regionalregierung des irakischen Kurdistan, Masud Barzani, in einem am 5. März mit der italienischen Zeitung „La Stampa“ veröffentlichten Interview die Unabhängigkeit des von ihm regierten irakischen Teilgebietes ein.

Die Eroberung von Mosul (wir berichteten, 1, 2) markiere

„wahrscheinlich den Beginn der Auflösung des Irak“
Ethnische Säuberungen
Warnungen vor den Folgen der völkischen Sezessionspolitik, die Erbil unter der Herrschaft des Barzani-Clans energisch vorantreibt, sind immer wieder laut geworden. Masud Barzani, der Chef der Kurdischen Regionalregierung (KRG), hat bereits mehrmals erklärt, ein Referendum über die Abspaltung der kurdischsprachigen Gebiete des Irak anzustreben. Ende Februar hat er dies im Interview mit einer deutschen Tageszeitung bekräftigt.[1] Gleichzeitig ist bekannt, dass die Peschmerga, die als Streitkräfte der KRG operieren, in den vergangenen Jahren den Krieg gegen den IS genutzt haben, um arabischsprachige Bewohner nordirakischer Ortschaften zu vertreiben. Dies geschieht offenbar in Vorbereitung auf die Abspaltung des Gebiets; US-Fachleute hatten bereits im Juli 2015 geurteilt, es handle sich bei den Operationen um eine „Kampagne ethnischer Säuberungen“ zugunsten eines ethnisch bereinigten „künftigen kurdischen Staats“.[2]
,

so das Barzani-nahe Portal „Rudaw“ in einem Bericht.

Mehr lesen

 

08.03.2017

    – Mit deutschen Waffen gegen Jesiden
      BERLIN/ERBIL (Eigener Bericht) – Kurdische Schützlinge derBundesregierung im Nordirak nutzen deutsche Waffen für Angriffe auf die jesidische Minderheit. Dies belegen neue Foto- und Videodokumente, die seit einigen Tagen im Internet kursieren. Sie zeigen, wie Peschmerga der Kurdischen Regionalregierung (KRG) in Erbil sowie ihnen nahestehende Milizionäre mit einem gepanzerten Fahrzeug vom Typ ATF Dingo, dem Sturmgewehr G36 und weiteren deutschen Schusswaffen gegen Jesiden vorgehen. Hintergrund sind Bestrebungen der Peschmerga, vor der geplanten Abspaltung der von Erbil kontrollierten Gebiete vom Irak…………

Ethnische Säuberungen
Warnungen vor den Folgen der völkischen Sezessionspolitik, die Erbil unter der Herrschaft des Barzani-Clans energisch vorantreibt, sind immer wieder laut geworden. Masud Barzani, der Chef der Kurdischen Regionalregierung (KRG), hat bereits mehrmals erklärt, ein Referendum über die Abspaltung der kurdischsprachigen Gebiete des Irak anzustreben. Ende Februar hat er dies im Interview mit einer deutschen Tageszeitung bekräftigt.[1] Gleichzeitig ist bekannt, dass die Peschmerga, die als Streitkräfte der KRG operieren, in den vergangenen Jahren den Krieg gegen den IS genutzt haben, um arabischsprachige Bewohner nordirakischer Ortschaften zu vertreiben. Dies geschieht offenbar in Vorbereitung auf die Abspaltung des Gebiets; US-Fachleute hatten bereits im Juli 2015 geurteilt, es handle sich bei den Operationen um eine „Kampagne ethnischer Säuberungen“ zugunsten eines ethnisch bereinigten „künftigen kurdischen Staats“.[2]

………….

[1] S. dazu Die Spaltung des Irak.
[2] Sara Elizabeth Williams: Destroying Homes for Kurdistan. foreignpolicy.com 23.07.2015.
[3] S. dazu (Irakisch) Kurdistan, Von Bagdad nach Erbil (I) und Partnerpflege in Mittelost.
[4] S. dazu Das Ende einer Epoche (I) und Waffen für die Peschmerga.
[5] S. dazu Die Schlacht um Mossul (III).

http://www.german-foreign-policy.com/de/fulltext/59556

  • Erdogans Kriege und die Naivität der Bundesregierung

    Peshmerga setzen bei rechtswidrigen Einsätzen deutsche Waffen gegen Eziden im Shengal ein

    • Elke Dangeleit…………….
    • Nicht nur in ihrem eigenen Land geht die Türkei gegen vermeintliche PKK-Mitglieder „und ihre Komplizen“ vor – und meint damit jene Kurden und Kurdinnen, die sich für Demokratie einsetzen. Im Nordirak sollen dort stationierte türkische Truppen im Verbund mit Barzanis Rojava-Peschmerga (Roj-Pesch) vom Norden aus Richtung Shengal vorrücken. Auf Twitter werden Fotos gepostet, die zeigen, wie die Roj-Pesch mit dem „Graue Wölfe-Gruß“, dem Zeichen der faschistischen Grauen Wölfe der Türkei, vor der Kamera posieren.

      Telepolis berichtete am Sonntag, dass 80 Roj-Pesch sich geweigert haben, an dem Bruderkrieg gegen die Eziden (Jesiden) teilzunehmen und dass sie von Barzanis Geheimdienst an einen unbekannten Ort gebracht worden seien. Gestern berichtete ANHA, dass sie dem türkischen Geheimdienst MIT übergeben wurden. Lokalen Quellen zufolge wurden sie über den Khabur-Grenzübergang den Türken übergeben. Mehrere Krankenwagen begleiteten die Übergabe. Die lokalen Berichterstatter sind besorgt über den Gesundheitszustand der jungen Männer….

    • „Es war richtig, die Kurden, das heißt die Peschmerga, auszurüsten und dies mit Ausbildung, ganz eng begleitet, zu kombinieren“, sagte die Ministerin im Parlament. „Die Peschmerga haben viel Mut bewiesen. Sie haben als Erste den IS gestoppt, sie haben ihn empfindlich zurückgeschlagen, und sie haben Territorium zurückgewonnen.“Wie peinlich. Denn nun bewahrheiten sich die Befürchtungen der Kritiker dieser Politik, wie zum Beispiel des Abgeordneten der Linken, Jan van Aken. Ezidipress dokumentierte die deutschen Waffen, die bei den Roj-Pesch zum Einsatz kommen.Sie verfügen demnach über gepanzerte Fahrzeuge des Typs Dingo 1. Ein Video zeigt, wie zwei PKK-Kämpfer versuchen, den Dingo beim Einmarsch nach Khansor aufzuhalten – sie wurden beide erschossen. Deutsche G36-Gewehre gehören zu ihrer Ausrüstung und kamen in Khansor gegen ezidische Einheiten zum Einsatz, wie ein Video von Rudaw zeigt. Auch deutsche Maschinengewehre wurden bei dem Angriff gegen die Stadt eingesetzt. Die Peschmerga verfügen über mindestens 50 MG 3 aus Deutschland……………….Noch im Januar diesen Jahres Januar rechtfertigte Verteidigungsministerin Ursula von der Leyen (CDU) im Bundestag ihre Entscheidung, die Ausbildung der Peschmerga durch rund 150 deutsche Soldaten weiterzuführen.

      Die Roj-Pesch sind – im Gegensatz zu den ezidischen Einheiten YBŞ – keine vom irakischen Zentralstaat anerkannte Miliz. Die Stadt Khansor ist zudem offiziell Teil des irakischen Staates. Das bedeutet, die Peschmerga-Einheit befindet sich rechtswidrig auf irakischem Staatsterritorium. Der Spiegel berichtet ebenfalls von Filmaufnahmen der kurdischen Nachrichtenagentur ANF sowie dem Fernsehsender Rudaw aus der Stadt Khansor.

      Aufgebrachte Ezidinnen versuchen den Aufnahmen zufolge, zu verhindern, dass die Peschmerga in der Stadt Gräben ausheben. Die Bundesregierung scheint alarmiert. Am Montag wurden die im Nordirak stationierten Bundeswehrsoldaten angewiesen, unverzüglich Aufklärung über die Vorgänge einzufordern. Denn Barzani hatte sich per Endverbleibserklärung verpflichtet, die gelieferten Waffen nur gegen den IS einzusetzen.

      Eine hilflose Maßnahme. Kein Mensch kann in dieser Region, die von Machtklüngel und Korruption gekennzeichnet ist, ernsthaft Aufklärung einfordern, wo die von Deutschland gelieferten Waffen eingesetzt werden. Angesichts der ökonomischen Krise der kurdischen Autonomieregion, die am Tropf der Türkei hängt und ihre Peschmergas nicht bezahlen kann, ist es nicht verwunderlich, dass die deutschen Waffen letztendlich auf dem Bazar von Erbil landen.

Newly Declassified CIA Report Exposes Over 25 Years Of U.S. Plans To Destabilize Syria

Posted: 05 Mar 2017 09:00 PM PST

Newly Declassified CIA Report Exposes Over 25 Years Of U.S. Plans To Destabilize Syria

Published: March 6, 2017
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Source: Mint Press News

 

Anti-Assad protesters burn a picture of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad with 'Corruption' written across his face. (AP/Kostas Tsironis)

Anti-Assad protesters burn a picture of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad with ‘Corruption’ written across his face. (AP/Kostas Tsironis)

SYRIA — While the nearly seven-year-long sectarian “civil war” in Syria is widely believed to have started in 2011, revelations in recent years have shown that the sectarian war that has sunk Syria into chaos actually precedes the “official” start of the conflict.

In 2010, Wikileaks published hundreds of thousands of classified State Department cables, including a 2006 cable showing that destabilizing the Syrian government was a primary goal of U.S. policy in the Middle East. The ultimate intention was to topple Iran, one of Syria’s closest allies. The cable revealed that the U.S.’ goal at the time was to undermine the Syrian government by any means available.

In addition, retired United States Army General Wesley Clark’s bombshell interview with Democracy Now exposed the existence of plans for regime change in Syria that date as far back as 2001. Now, a newly declassified document from the Central Intelligence Agency has shown that these regime change efforts date back even further to the late 1980s – and potentially even earlier.

The declassified document was written in July, 1986 by the Foreign Subversion and Instability Center, a part of the CIA’sMission Center for Global Issues, and is titled “Syria: Scenarios of Dramatic Political Change.” As the document itself states, its purpose is to analyze – in a “purposely provocative” manner – “a number of possible scenarios that could lead to the ouster of President Assad [Bashar al-Assad’s father, Hafez] or other dramatic change in Syria.”

The report’s meager distribution list suggest it was considered by top officials in the Reagan administration, specifically because it was distributed to national security chiefs, not entire agencies. It was also distributed to a handful of key players in U.S.-Syria relations, such as former Ambassador to Syria William Eagleton.

Though the document itself officially predates the current Syrian conflict by nearly 25 years, much of its analysis brings to mind recent events in Syria, particularly those that led to the outbreak of war in 2011. Chief among these is the rise of factionalism between Sunni Muslim elements against the ruling Alawi minority (a Shi’ite sect), as well as the potential to counter Russian influence in Syria and elsewhere in the Middle East. These similarities suggest that U.S. regime change efforts in Syria date back to well over 30 years ago – proof of the persistent imperialist elements that consistently guide U.S. foreign policy.

 

The Rise of Factionalism and Sectarian Conflict in Syria

A Free Syrian Army fighter from the Al-Faruk brigade, center, steps on a portrait of Syrian President Bashar Assad, Sept. 22, 2012 (AP/Hussein Malla)

A Free Syrian Army fighter from the Al-Faruk brigade steps on a portrait of Syrian President Bashar Assad, Sept. 22, 2012 (AP/Hussein Malla)

Of all the named “individuals and groups that might impel or impede takeover attempts” that are recognized by the CIA, Syria’s Sunni population ranks highest among them. The CIA notes that “factionalism plagues the political and military elite” as the ruling Alawi minority “is deeply resented by the Sunni majority it dislodged from power two decades ago.” The document also states that “a renewal of communal violence between Alawis and Sunnis could inspire Sunnis in the military to turn against the regime.”

At the time, the document continues, Sunnis “made up 60 percent of the Syrian officer corps but [were] concentrated in junior officer ranks,” with the majority of enlisted men being primarily Sunni conscripts. Furthermore, the document notes that if the Syrian government were to overreact to “minor outbreaks of Sunni dissidence,” large-scale unrest could be triggered – “setting the stage for civil war.”

The CIA also makes its strong preference for a Sunni-led government in Syria quite clear, stating that “U.S. interests in Syria probably would be best served by a Sunni regime,” particularly one led by Sunni “business-moderates” who would “see a strong need for Western aid and investment.”

This assessment, as the Libertarian Institute has pointed out, is “remarkably consistent” with more recent events, particularly those that have defined Syria’s current conflict, which is often misleadingly described by many media outlets as a “civil war.” For instance, opposition forces who have been fighting to overthrow the Assad regime for the better part of seven years are almost entirely composed of Sunnis.

According to the Combating Terrorism Center at West Point, “the Syrian opposition, especially its armed current, is a Sunni enterprise.” Sunni factionalism, the CTC further notes, is “driving large segments of the opposition to the [Assad] regime.” In 2014, the Guardian noted that the opposition forces were “almost exclusively Sunni.”

Pro-Syrian government demonstrators hold Baath party flags and a picture of President Bashar Assad at a rally at Sabe Bahrat Square to commemorate the 65th anniversary of the foundation of the Ruling Baath Arab Socialist Party in Damascus, Syria, Saturday, April 7, 2012. (AP Photo Bassem Tellawi)

Pro-Syrian government demonstrators hold Baath party flags and a picture of President Bashar Assad at a rally at Sabe Bahrat Square to commemorate the 65th anniversary of the foundation of the Ruling Baath Arab Socialist Party in Damascus, Syria, Saturday, April 7, 2012. (AP Photo Bassem Tellawi)

In addition, Bashar al-Assad’s crackdown on protests in 2011, particularly initial protests in the city of Daara, are often credited with inspiring opposition supporters to take up arms to “oust loyalist [pro-government] forces from their areas.”According to the BBC, Assad’s crackdown on protests between March and May of 2011 left over 1,000 dead, though “unnamed human rights activists” were often the sources for such figures, suggesting that such statistics may be inaccurate.

The document also notes that factionalism among the Alawis could also be a destabilizing force in the country. It says the Alawi-dominated Syrian military could play a role in Assad’s ouster, stating that the Syrian “military’s strong tradition of coup plotting – dormant since Assad took control in 1970 – could re-assert itself.” Military discontent, the CIA asserts, could arise if Assad were to suffer a major defeat at the hands of Israel, particularly if Assad attempted to reclaim the Syrian Golan Heights.

Syria and Israel have been in a continuous state of conflict since 1967, when Israel first occupied the Golan Heights during the Six-Day War. In addition, the CIA notes the potential for in-fighting among the Alawi elite, particularly over Hafez al-Assad’s brother Rifaat – a controversial figure in Syrian politics.

These conflicts within the Alawite ruling class were mentioned extensively in a 2006 State Department cable, where “some long-standing vulnerabilities and looming issues that may provide opportunities to up the pressure on Bashar and his inner circle” were discussed at length.

Some intra-elite conflicts among the Alawis mentioned in the 1986 document are also explicitly mentioned in the 2006 cable, such as the numerous controversies surrounding Bashar al-Assad’s uncle, Rifaat al-Assad. However, despite likely attempts to exploit these vulnerabilities in the current conflict, the rise of Sunni opposition forces has kept the Alawi faction largely united out of necessity – particularly as the Alawis have been forced to face down an old foe, the Muslim Brotherhood.

 

The Muslim Brotherhood and U.S.-Backed Regime Change

Highly ranking Muslim Brotherhood official Abdul-Majeed Zneibat, left, listens as Hamas leader Khaled Mashaal, right, talks to reporters in Damascus, Tuesday Jan, 31, 2006 . (AP/Bassm Tellawi).

Highly ranking Muslim Brotherhood official Abdul-Majeed Zneibat, left, listens as Hamas leader Khaled Mashaal, right, talks to reporters in Damascus, Tuesday Jan, 31, 2006 . (AP/Bassm Tellawi).

While the document devotes significant space to discussing the potential for induced sectarian violence, the faction identified as most likely to successfully destabilize the Assad-led Alawi regime is the Muslim Brotherhood. First founded in Egypt in 1928, the Muslim Brotherhood has spread throughout the Middle East, gaining influence in multiple countries.

Several countries, such as Saudi Arabia, Russia, Syria, and the U.A.E., now classify the Brotherhood as a terrorist group. Despite its widespread recognition as such, the CIA’s relationship with the Brotherhood, which dates back to the 1950s, continues into the present………………………………………………..

CIA backed Syrian rebels attend a training session in Maaret Ikhwan near Idlib, Syria.

One of the most overlooked aspects of the report is its mention of nations other than Syria, particularly Russia. In addition, the document’s cover letter, penned by the Director of the Global Issues Mission Center, tells the individuals named in its distribution list that they will “receive similar papers on other countries as they are completed.”

The fact that the CIA has a center dedicated to “foreign subversion and instability” – as well as the CIA’s documentedpenchant for regime change – confirms that the decades-long effort to destabilize Syria parallels the agency’s efforts to destabilize other regimes throughout the world in order to replace them with governments they believe to be more sympathetic to U.S. interests.

These destabilization efforts are often carried out with little, if any, regard to their impact on civilians who are often caught in the crossfire. As the 1986 report and the 2006 cable both note, the Assads brought periods of “unprecedented stability” to Syria.

The CIA and U.S. government have nevertheless chosen to pursue an agenda of destabilization. Nearly seven years later, the death toll in the West’s efforts to oust Assad is set to top half a million and has helped to create the largest refugee crisis since World War II.

http://www.blacklistednews.com/Newly_Declassified_CIA_Report_Exposes_Over_25_Years_Of_U.S._Plans_To_Destabilize_Syria/57179/0/38/38/Y/M.html

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