Serb Oligarch: Milan Beko/ Port of Belgrade owner visits govt. headquarters

  Serbische Mafia! ( 1 2 3)

Milo Beko and his food and milk Mafia monoply in Serbia

30.06.2011 | 10:44
Port of Belgrade owner visits govt. headquarters
Source: B92

BELGRADE — Businessman Milan Beko came to the government headquarters on Wednesday afternoon where he probably had a meeting with Infrastructure Minister Milutin Mrkonji.

Milan Beko (Tanjug, file)

B92 has learned from the government that Beko did not have any official meetings with the government representatives.

The government has rejected Beko’s offer to buy out the Port of Belgrade. However, Belgrade Mayor Dragan ilas has accepted it and offered Beko EUR 40mn, the same amount of money the businessman had allegedly paid for 93.6 percent of Port of Belgrade shares.

Beko said in the meantime that he was prepared to sell his shares package for EUR 74mn.

The main hearing in the dispute between the city of Belgarde and the Port of Belgrade over about 100 hectares of land has been scheduled for September 30 before the Higher Court in Belgrade.

Sources from the Serbian government told B92 that it was not unusual for Beko to come to the government headquarters and that he usually met with the infrastructure minister.

b92

Mrkonjic to help Beko to put ‘Port of Belgrade’ into business

Businessman Milan Beko met with Minister for Infrastructure Milutin Mrkonjic at Serbia Government Building yesterday….»

Businessman Milan Beko met with Minister for Infrastructure Milutin Mrkonjic at Serbia Government Building yesterday.
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http://english.blic.rs/News

Parliament suspends immunity for problematic deputies

 Momcilo Duvnjak

Parliament suspends immunity for problematic deputies

Administration Board of Serbian Parliament shall debate tomorrow over court requests for suspension of immunity to parliamentary

….

Momcilo Duvnjak

The SRS deputy Momir Markovic has been suspected of abuse of office.
Gordana Paunovic Milosavljevic, also deputy of the SRS, is suspected of corruption in healthcare.
Momcilo Duvnjak, also of the SRS, holds a record with total 13 criminal charges. Only one shall be on agenda of tomorrow’s session of the Administration Board – making pressure on a state serviceman to act contrary to law.
The State Secretary at the Ministry of Justice Slobodan Homen supports decision by the Administration Board to hold the first public debate over requests for suspension of immunity to parliamentary deputies.

Breaking-in in prosecutor’s home
It was not possible yesterday to get official information if there is a court request for suspension of immunity to the SNS deputy Veroljub Arsic. As ‘Blic’ learns Arsic was last year stopped by the traffic police near Pozarevac. He was suspected for driving in alcoholic condition and was requested to perform an alcohol-test. Instead he took out parliamentary deputy identity card and referred to immunity. It is also interesting that Arsic once missed a house in which there was living a man who owned him some money. Instead he broke in a house of a prosecutor (!) and threatened him with a gun.

»

comment: all serb gangsters, partner and friends from Mister Bodo Hombach

Mangels Perspektive: Die Intelligenz verlässt die Balkan Länder

Für die meisten Balkan Länder gilt dies, das die Intelligenz gezielt ihre Heimat verlassen, wobei der Hauptgrund immer korrupte und kriminelle „Eliten“ sind, welche sich Politiker nennen.

Jugend in Griechenland

Generation der gepackten Koffer

Viele Griechen glauben nicht mehr, dass ihr Land den Weg aus dem Abgrund findet. Vor allem die jungen, gut Ausgebildeten entscheiden sich für das Ausland: Ob Schweiz oder Dubai ist egal – Hauptsache weg.

Von Michael Martens

28. Juni 2011

Jenseits der Landesgrenzen steht Athens Oppositionsführer Antonis Samaras derzeit nicht hoch im Kurs. Da er seine Partei angewiesen hat, in dieser Woche im Parlament wieder einmal gegen die Sparpolitik von Ministerpräsident Papandreou zu stimmen, gilt er vielen Europäern als typischer Vertreter einer griechischen Elite, die stets andere für eigene Versäumnisse haftbar machen will.

Im Inland sieht es etwas besser aus für Samaras. Angesichts der wachsenden Unzufriedenheit der Griechen mit ihrer wirtschaftlichen Lage hat der Vorsitzende der Oppositionspartei „Nea Dimokratia“ erfolgreich zum emotionalen Erstschlag ausgeholt und gibt sich mit seiner Kritik an den Zumutungen der Regierungspolitik als verständnisvoller Schatten-Landesvater.

 

  1 | 2 | 3 | 4 VorZum Ende

Sie spielen ein neues Lied: Viele junge Griechen halten Demonstrationen vor dem Parlament für sinnlos und verlassen ihr Land

 

© REUTERS

Sie spielen ein neues Lied: Viele junge Griechen halten Demonstrationen vor dem Parlament für sinnlos und verlassen ihr Land

Samaras’ Kritik zielt vor allem auf die mehrfachen Steuererhöhungen, die Papandreous Regierung den Bürgern auferlegt hat. Eine solche Politik ersticke jede Aussicht auf eine wirtschaftliche Erholung im Keim, warnte Samaras unlängst in einem Interview: „Man stelle sich vor, was in der Realwirtschaft geschieht, wenn es keine privaten und öffentlichen Ausgaben und keine ausländischen Direktinvestitionen mehr gibt. Alles wird geschlossen. Es gibt einen brain drain, die gebildeten Leute verlassen das Land.“

„Brain drain“ hat längst begonnen

Der von Griechenlands Oppositionsführer diagnostizierte „brain drain“, die Abwanderung der Klügsten und Besten, hat längst begonnen. Die Athener Tageszeitung „Kathimerini“, sonst nicht zur Aufgeregtheit neigend, schlug vor wenigen Tagen Alarm: Eine panhellenische Welle von Auswanderern stehe im Begriff, die Heimat zu verlassen, so das Blatt. „Sie besteht vor allem aus Auslandsstudenten, die sich entschieden haben, nicht zurückzukehren – sowie aus Fachkräften aller Branchen, die wenige oder überhaupt keine Perspektiven für sich sehen in Griechenland.“ Was einst ein Rinnsal war, sei zu einer Massenbewegung geworden.

 

Zum Thema

 

Tatsächlich muss Griechenland ein halbes Jahrhundert nach dem Beginn der Gastarbeiterbewegung, als vornehmlich ungelernte Kräfte aus der Provinz nach Deutschland und in andere nordwesteuropäische Staaten gingen, womöglich einen Eliten-Exodus verkraften. Denn die Lage des Landes ist desolat und Besserung nicht in Sicht.

…………..

FAZ

26 Jul 2011 / 14:17

Bulgaria Facing Exodus of Young People

Bulgaria is losing 80,000 residents every year, many of them high school graduates seeking opportunities to study, work and live abroad.

Novinite ( Sofia News Agency )

Sofia, Bulgaria | photo by: Anton Lefterov

The most popular overseas destination is the UK, where the number of Bulgarian students has tripled over the past three years, according to data provided by the daily newspaper “Bulgarian Standard”.

As many as 96 per cent of Bulgarians studying in the British Isles have taken out student loans. After completing their degrees and settling student loans, the majority are choosing not to return to Bulgaria.

Other European destinations popular among Bulgarian expats include Germany, where 12,500 Bulgarians are currently studying, and the Netherlands, where the cost of education is comparatively low and student loan programs are available.

One popular option for starting a career in the Netherlands involves applying for EU funding, through municipalities, to establish a student-operated company. This allows students to get business experience before graduating and Bulgarians currently working in such programmes are active in IT and robotics.

Over the past year, a total of 3,664 students have left Bulgaria for the US and Canada. Historically, 82 per cent of Bulgarian students graduating in these countries have not returned to live in Bulgaria.

 

http://www.faz.net/m/%7B4CE2E1CE-6333-4F02-AC51-FFC5DEDDD254%7DPicture.jpg

Albania: Pastrimi i parave, dosjet e 8 politikanëve në hetim

Pastrimi i parave, dosjet e 8 politikanëve në hetim

Drejtoria e Përgjithshme e Parandalimit të Pastrimit të Parave ka dërguar në Prokurori 8 emra politikanësh për pastrim parash.Aktiviteti kriminal që ka çuar në pastrimin e 3 milionë eurove lidhet me krimin e organizuar, drogën dhe trafikimin e qenieve njerëzore. Drejtori i kësaj drejtorie, Arben Doçi, nuk bën publikë emrat e politikanëve në hetim për shkak të vetë hetimit, por fusha, sipas tij, e investimit të këtyre parave është ajo që ka zhvillim më të madh në Shqipëri: ndërtimi. “Një nga fushat ku paratë e pista janë investuar është ndërtimi, por edhe trojet, kullotat, pyjet dhe pasuritë e tjera të paluajtshme, që nuk kanë lidhje me ndërtimin. Por, investim të këtyre parave janë bërë dhe në industri të tjera apo disa shoqëri off shore, ose fantazmë, që përdoren për të justifikuar lëvizjen e parave e për t’i bërë ato sa më të dukshme dhe legale. Këto janë veprimtaritë më të zakonshme që njësia e inteligjencës financiare shqiptare ka zbuluar dhe ua ka dërguar subjekteve raportuese me qëllim që të marrë prej tyre raportin e aktiviteteve e dyshimta për këto aktivitete”, u shpreh Doçi për TV Klan. Mosndëshkueshmëria e personave në hetim është një tjetër problem, i cili vitet e fundit është bërë edhe më i dukshëm. Vetë kreu i Drejtorisë së  Përgjithshme të Parandalimit të Pastrimit të Parave shprehet se ndëshkimet ndaj zyrtarëve të lartë të përfshirë në pastrim parash kanë qenë edhe më të rralla. “Po të shohim sajtet e gjykatave shqiptare, nuk është e vërtetë se nuk ka dënime penale për pastrim parash. Ka dënime. Në 2003-2004-n ka një mori dënimesh penale për pastrim parash dhe ne jemi të surprizuar që ka pasur atëherë dënime në masë dhe nuk vazhdon të ketë tani. Ka një shkëputje, e cila është një problematikë më vete që duhet të kihet parasysh nga organet ligjzbatuese”, u shpreh Doçi.

Si një njësi e ngritur 10 vjet më parë, ky institucion bën ndërlidhjen mes institucioneve të tjera ligjore, nga merr informacionin e plotë rreth dyshimeve që ka ndaj bizneseve të dyshimta. “Drejtoria e Përgjithshme e Parandalimit të Pastrimit të Parave luan rolin e një ndërlidhësi ndërmjet agjencive të zbatimit të ligjit dhe bizneseve për të filtruar të gjitha rastet e dyshimta për pastrim parash dhe mbi bazën e tyre të thellojë hetimin e tyre dhe ndjekjen eficente penale të tyre”, u shpreh Doçi. Mosndëshkueshmëria e zyrtarëve të korruptuar mbetet një nga akuzat e vazhdueshme të opozitës ndaj maxhorancës, duke e cilësuar shumë herë sistemin e Drejtësisë të kapur si nga krimi i organizuar, ashtu dhe nga politika që e favorizon atë. Por, ky fenomen shihet jo rrallë i përfshirë dhe në raportet e institucioneve ndërkombëtare që monitorojnë krimin e organizuar dhe pastrimin e parave në Shqipëri.

3 milione euro
mësohet të jetë shuma e përftuar nga pastrimi i parave nga njerëz politikë, por dhe pranë politikës, të ardhura nga aktivitete kriminale nga trafiqet e drogës deri te trafiqet njerëzore

Politika

Drejtoria e Përgjithshme e Parandalimit të Pastrimit të Parave ka dërguar në Prokurori 8 emra politikanësh për pastrim parash, aktiviteti i të cilëve ka ardhur nga aktivitete kriminale si trafik lëndësh narkotike apo trafik i qenieve njerëzore. Sipas kreut të kësaj Drejtorie, aktivitetet ku janë investuar këto shuma kanë qenë pasuritë e paluajtshme, por dhe industria e ndërtimit.

Gjykatat

Statistikat që vijnë nga Gjyqësori tregojnë se mosndëshkueshmëria nga gjykatat e personave të implikuar në pastrim parash është e ulët vitet e fundit. Kreu i kësaj Drejtorie shprehet se gjatë viteve 2003-2004 ka pasur shumë dënime për pastrim parash të zyrtarëve të shtetit, një fenomen që nuk vihet re vitet e fundit. Duket se është organi i Prokurorisë ai që nuk ka çuar deri në fund hetimin ndaj personave të veshur me pushtet.

Akuzat e PS për Priftin

Partia Socialiste akuzoi një vit më parë ish-ministrin e Ekonomisë, Dritan Prifti, për pastrim parash. Akuzat janë bërë nga disa deputetë socialistë përmes deklaratave për shtyp nga selia rozë, por dhe nga podiumi i Kuvendit, se brenda një viti në këtë Ministri Prifti arriti të krijojë një pasuri prej 2 milionë eurosh, që sipas ministrit, vinin nga shitja e aksioneve të tij në një biznes për prodhimin e tullave. Për socialistët këto para ishin operacione pastrimi parash, të cilat, sipas tyre, ishin krijuar nga veprimet e tij korruptive si ministër.

http://www.panorama.com.al/aktualitet/pastrimi-i-parave-dosjet-e-8-politikaneve-ne-hetim

Marrëveshja Top-Sekret me Italinë

Ka kaluar në heshtje dhe askush nuk ka folur publikisht rreth saj. Bëhet fjalë për një marrëveshje midis shtetit shqiptar dhe atij italian për lehtësimin e procedurave të shkëmbimit të informacionit midis dy shteteve dhe ndërkohë heqjes së barrierave të ekstradimit. Megjithëse marrëveshja mban datën 21 janar 2011 të ratifikuar nga Parlamenti Italian, burime për gazetën “Telegraf” bëjnë me dije se, shumë shpejt do të fillojë edhe zbatimi praktik në Shqipëri. Teksa janë lehtësuar procedurat e shkëmbimit të informacionit midis dy shteteve, përsa i përket marrjes në pyetje të dëshmitarëve apo kontrollit të llogarive bankare, përmes kësaj marrëveshjeje lehtësohet ndjeshëm dhe procesi i ekstradimit të shtetasve shqiptarë. Ligji ynë Penal, në Nenin 11 të tij, sanksionon se: “Ekstradimi nuk lejohet: në qoftë se personi që do të ekstradohet është shtetas shqiptar, veç rasteve kur në marrëveshje është parashikuar ndryshe”. Ndërkaq në Nenin 18 të marrëveshjes pika dy thuhet se “Palët nënshkruese të marrëveshjes nuk mund të mos pranojnë ekstradimin për motive shtetësie të të ekstraduarit”. Në këtë mënyrë lehtësohet përfundimisht ekstradimi i shtetasve shqiptarë në shtetin fqinj. Burime nga Ministria Drejtësisë bëjnë me dije se, shteti italian ka vendosur nën akuzë mbi 2000 shtetas shqiptarë për kryerjen e veprave të ndryshme kriminale. Kishte qenë mungesa e një neni të tillë në marrëveshje përmes, të cilit shmangej refuzimi nga ana e shtetit shqiptar të ekstradimit për shkak të të qenit shtetas shqiptar. Të vendosur në rreth dhe të dyshuar nga Italia, sipas burimeve të sigurta janë shumë VIP-a, ku mes tyre bëhet fjalë për drejtues të niveleve të larta shtetërore, drejtorë drejtorish, doganierë, deputetë dhe ish- deputetë, punonjës të Tatim-Taksave, punonjës të Policisë së Shtetit, si edhe drejtues të mediave në vend. Sipas burimeve, akuzat që rëndojnë janë nga më të ndryshmet, duke nisur nga trafiku i lëndëve narkotike, trafik i qenieve njerëzore deri tek mashtrimet dhe krimet në fushën doganore apo transaksione të dyshimta parash. Një valë e gjatë arrestimesh dhe ekstradimesh pritet të nisë shumë shpejt nga policia shqiptare në bazë të marrëveshjes më të fundit mes dy palëve. Tashmë, me marrëveshjen e re, llogaritë bankare në të dy shtetet do të jenë më të lehta për t’u kontrolluar edhe për t’u përdorur si prova materiale. Tashmë shteti shqiptar nuk mund të refuzojë për shkak të shtetësisë për të ekstraduar.
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http://www.gazetatelegraf.com/index

hqipëria alarmon Amerikën

Madhesia e germave: Decrease font Enlarge font

 

image

DEKLARATA/ Presidenti i Shteteve të Bashkuara: “Ballkani perëndimor përbën rrezik për sigurinë kombëtare”

Një deklaratë e Shtëpisë së Bardhë dje ngrinte shqetësimin që paraqet për sigurinë kombëtare Ballkani Perëndimor. Ne që përfshihemi në këtë pjesë të Ballkanit, natyrisht që nuk na vjen mirë për këtë shqetësim të Presidentit Obama. Pasi kemi parë ndihmën dhe përkrahjen e jashtëzakonshme të Shteteve të Bashkuara ndaj shqiptarëve, si për çlirimin e Kosovës, ashtu dhe për konsolidimin e demokracisë, është për të ardhur keq që SHBA, për mëkatet tona ndihet e kërcënuar nga kjo pjesë e Ballkanit ku jetojnë edhe shqiptarët dhe zgjat emergjencën kombëtare edhe për një vit. Rasti më i freskët dhe njëherësh më i bujshëm nga Shqipëria ishte ai i Almir Rrapos, ish-zyrtar i lartë në Ministrinë tonë të Jashtme, i cili u ekstradua pak muaj më parë drejt Shteteve të Bashkuara, ku edhe iu rrëfye drejtësisë së atjeshme për krimet që kishte kryer në atë vend. Kjo deklaratë më e fundit e Shtëpisë së Bardhë duhet të shërbejë si një apel i fortë për politikën dhe qeverinë shqiptare.  

Deklarata

Presidenti i Shteteve të Bashkuara të Amerikës Barack Obama ka zgjatur emergjencën kombëtare për Ballkanin Perëndimor edhe me një vit tjetër. Shtëpia e Bardhë deklaroi në një njoftim për shtyp se akti është zgjatur edhe me këtë periudhë shtesë dhe se Ballkani Perëndimor ende përbën objekt rreziku për sigurinë kombëtare. “Kërcënimet kanë qenë të lidhura me veprime dhe persona të përfshirë në vrasje, sponsorizim të veprimeve të dhunshme në Republikën e Maqedonisë apo në vende tjera në Ballkanin Perëndimor, apo veprime në kundërshtim me marrëveshjen e Dejtonit në Bosnje dhe rezolutës 1244 për Kosovën. Ballkani Perëndimor vazhdon të përbëjë një kërcënim dhe rrezik për sigurinë kombëtare dhe politikën e jashtme të Shteteve të Bashkuara të Amerikës, që prej 26 qershorit të vitit 2011”, thuhet në njoftim dhe kjo do të vazhdojë edhe me një vit.

Rasti i Almir Rrapos

Nuk është e paktë edhe praktika, ku shumë të arrestuar në territorin shqiptar dhe që kërkohen nga shtetet e tjera të mos pranojnë asnjë krim në vendin tonë, e me të ikur në shtetin tjetër i “dorëzohen” drejtësisë duke  “rrëfyer” gjithçka. Kështu ndodhi edhe me zyrtarin e lartë të Ministrisë së Jashtme, Almir Rrapo, ekstradimi, i të cilit u përfol shumë, madje, u vu edhe në dyshim firma e ish-ministrit të atëhershëm të Drejtësisë dhe aktualisht ministër i Brendshëm, Bujar Nishani, mbi ekstradimin e Rrapos. Megjithëse në Shqipëri Rrapo e mohoi fajësinë, me të shkuar në Shtetet e Bashkuara të Amerikës iu dorëzua drejtësisë, duke pranuar gjithçka e duke bashkëpunuar me organet amerikane.

General Streik: Griechenland macht für 48 Stunden die Grenzen zu den Nachbar Ländern dicht

Fussgänger werden noch an den Grenzen abgefertigt, ansonsten werden nach Bulgarien, Mazedonien und Albanien, keine Fahrzeuge abgefertigt. In den Fährhäfen nach Italien usw.. ist die Situation unübersichtlich, aber dort gibt es auch Streiks.

Tuesday 28.06.2011 | 10:09
Greek strike closes border crossing with Macedonia
Source: B92

SKOPJE — A general strike called in Greece has resulted in the closing of the Gevgelija border for crossing with Macedonia for 48 hours, said reports.
streik griechenland
Scenes from Athens (file)

Some flights from the main airport in Athens have also been canceled.

Greek unions have called the strike in a bid to prevent the country’s parliament from adopting a package allowing for more austerity measures to be implemented.

Reports from Athens on Tuesday said that a protest that coincided with start of the strike turned violent, as police used tear gas against demonstrators.

But travelers from Serbia, mostly tourists, are concerned that they will not be able to reach their vacation destinations in Greece.

Our reporter in southern Macedonia said earlier today that there were traffic jams at Gevgelija, but that vehicles were being redirected to two other crossings.

The Interior Ministry in Skopje announced that buses and trucks will not be allowed through in the next two days, while passenger vehicles will be able to cross the border periodically.

For this reason, drivers were urged to travel to Greece via Bulgaria.

Although Greek customs workers announced a total blockade, the crossings of Dorjan and Medzetlija were still open this morning, said the Macedonian ministry.

Those headed to Greece from Serbia may wish consider alternative routes via Sofia and Blagoevgrad.

All Greece-bound flights scheduled for this morning from Belgrade went ahead as planned

http://www.b92.net/eng/news/region-article.php?yyyy=2011&mm=06&dd=28&nav_id=75150


Bosnia’s Vast Foreign Financial Assistance Re-examined: Statistics and Results

Balkanalysis.com

 Bosnia’s Vast Foreign Financial Assistance Re-examined: Statistics and Results

June 21, 2011

By Lana Pasic*

The 1990s war in Bosnia & Hercegovina left the country in economic ruins. The destruction costs in Sarajevo alone amounted to 14 billion euros, according to a World Bank study entitled Bosnia and Herzegovina: From Reconstruction to European Integration published in 2009. Everything in the country, from water supply to power and telecommunications had to be reconstructed.

Staggering Sums

People’s lives also needed reconstruction. After the signing of the Dayton Peace Agreement, the international community sent enormous financial and logistical support to Bosnia. In the aftermath of war, the foreign assistance in Bosnia was focused on reconstruction and then, from 2000, attention turned to the issues of governance, institutions and financial sector.

It has been calculated that BiH has received more per capita aid than any European country under the Marshall Plan. Since 1996, the World Bank has committed over $1.1 billion, while other World Bank agencies had sent $500 million by 2010. From 1996 to 1999, $3.7 billion were allocated by 48 countries and 14 international organizations, according to a 2005 IMF report (.PDF). From 1996 to 2002, Bosnia’s annual aid amounted to $730 million, or, $1,400 per person, according to another 2010 analysis.

Up through 2005, the US provided over $1.345 billion. And from 1991-2006, the European Union sent 2.6 billion euros for the reconstruction and refugee return, noted the above-cited National Interest report. The EU is still actively involved in assistance to Bosnia, in the hopes that it will eventually join the Union, through the CARDS program and pre-accession IPA funds, as the World Bank 2007 Country Partnership Strategy for Bosnia and Herzegovina for the period FY08-FY11 notes. All in all, the 2009 IPA allocation to BiH amounted to 89.1 million euros, reported the Commission of the European Communities (.PDF).

Some Results

Despite this overall foreign largesse, since 2000 international aid to Bosnia has slowly been decreasing as the years pass. With Bosnia fractious but at peace, and hoping to make more determined steps towards EU membership in the next year, it is the time to evaluate what the results of the assistance have been and whether Bosnia is on the right track, in socio-economic and development terms.

World Bank 2010 World Development Indicators suggest that Bosnia can see a boost, with a 6% growth of the GDP, reforms towards the free market and financial and economic liberalization. Business regulations have been changed and improved.

Also, the time required for dealing with bureaucratic issues, such as permits and registrations, has decreased, though this process still remains relatively time-consuming for regular citizens and foreign investors, and thus does not encourage investments, notes the Commission of the European Communities 2009 report (.PDF). But this is a problem widely shared by other regional states too.

Bosnia’s other notable improvements are in the areas of tax harmonization and the privatization of the banks, noted the IMF in 2005 (.PDF). In the last 15 years, FDI has been steadily growing, reaching 425 million euros in 2009, the state agency FIPA has noted.

Other Indicators: Unemployment, Emigration, and Corruption

However, on the other hand Bosnian FDI remains the lowest, not only in the region, but among all the countries in transition. Privatization has been below expectations too, stated a report from Transparency International in 2009.

Further, there are many socio-economic issues which need to be addressed- issues for which the improvements are not easy to find. In 2007, for example, youth unemployment was 58%, four times greater than the EU average, attested a UNDP 2008 report. And the 2009 unemployment statistics show a high 42%, according to a report from the Labour and Employment Agency of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 2010 (.PDF).

Another indicator clearly related to these unemployment trends is the number of Bosnian citizens wishing to leave the country. This figure is increasing, and a 2008 UNDP study found that 62% of Bosnian youth wanted to leave their country.

In 2004, almost 20% of the population lived below the poverty line, while another 30% were close to the poverty line, reported the IMF in 2005 (.PDF). According to the UNDP’s Human Development Report 2009, Bosnia & Herzegovina ranked 76th worldwide, and slight improvements can be traced since 2005. (Earlier data is not available).

Another concern, and one also shared on a regional level, is that Bosnia & Herzegovina is still suffering from high levels of corruption. According to Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index 2009, Bosnia and Herzegovina ranked 99 out of 190 countries, with the score of 3.0 (on the scale 1-9, 1 being the lowest), lagging behind all of its neighbors. In 2006, Germany’s Spiegel reported that more than 2 billion euros have been lost in Bosnia, with the use and destiny of these funds not known.

On paper, the state administration takes about 50% of the budget, noted Transparency International. These funds might instead be directed for development programmes, but there are no state level employment policies and no strategies.

Diminishing Returns

…………………………..

http://www.balkanalysis.com/bosnia/2011/06/21/

Gegen Peter Feith, dem EU Mission Leiter, wird im Kosovo ermittelt!

Jetzt wird gegen Feith, dem EU Mission Leiter, ermittelt. Es geht um die Ernennung eines neuen Kosovo Bank Präsidenten.

Wahrscheinlich wollte er Bestechungsgeld, wie es üblich ist für eine Ernennung, denn das System wurde ja von Kouchner, und den Deutschen Komikern, wie dem korrupten Joachim Rückers eingeführt.

Faith no more

Pieter Feith, në emër të vlerave europiane, u angazhua që në Kosovë të instalohet parimi se “kush është nën hetime, nuk duhet të jetë pjesë e institucioneve”. Tash, është radha e tij ta përfillë këtë rregull. Analistë politikë thonë se pas publikimit të dokumenteve që tregojnë se ai është hetuar nga EULEX’i, Feith duhet ta shqyrtojë largimin nga pozita e Shefit të ICO’së.
Nga Valmir Klaiqi më 22 qershor 2011 në ora 08:36

23 Jun 2011 / 10:32
Kosovo’s Feith Complains of EU Police Probe

The International Civilian Representative in Kosovo, ICR, has asked the head of EULEX, Xavier De Marnhac, to explain why police investigated him about the appointment of a new central bank boss.

Petrit Collaku
Pristina

Pieter Fieth, whose role is to supervise Kosovo’s independence, has issued a complaint about his investigation at the hands of a EULEX prosecutor concerning his alleged involvement in the appointment of the Kosovo bank governor.

Feith’s letter to EULEX head Xavier De Marnhac, dated June 12 and published on Tuesday by Pristina’s daily Express, said he had used the competencies to choose the bank head granted by Kosovo’s constitution, which say that the bank governor can only be elected by Kosovo’s Assembly following his consent.

Feith said he had advised the Central’s Bank board to review the short list of candidates before submitting it to the Kosovo Assembly.

He is said to have suggested to the board that one candidate was not a proper person for the governor’s position and should be excluded from the list.

The EU rule-of-law mission confirmed that Feith had since been investigated by an international prosecutor.

“A prosecutor investigated the case, which is already closed, since there was no substantial evidence for further investigations,” Blerim Krasniqi, EULEX spokesperson, told journalists on Monday.

In his letter of complaint, Feith asked the head of EULEX to explain on what basis the Kosovo’s Special Prosecutors Office, SPRK, had initiated investigations against him and his former colleague.

….

http://www.balkaninsight.com/en/

Andere news:

EU’s Feith criticises Kosovo parliament

EU’s Feith criticises Kosovo parliament

02/09/2009

Von den bisherigen über 10 Milliarden € der Aufbau Hilfe ist im Kosovo Nichts angekommen, sondern die Politischen Strukturen haben sich nur selbst bedient und u.a. das übliche Mafia Import- Export Monopol mit den kriminellen Clans errichtet. Die Justizministerin Kelmendi, hat Alles unter Kontrolle, um ein Milliarden schweres Vermögen an Immobilien und Wirtschafts Monopolen zu errichten! Der Mafia Clan der Kelmendi, ist Langzeit Partner des Osmani Clans in Hamburg und Deutscher Politiker.

Deutsche Wirtschafts Förderung bedeutet, wie leicht zu erkenen ist vor allem: Förderung des Drogen Absatzes nach Europa und Bestückung mit Sex Sklaven der EU Bordelle, damit auch weiterhin Politiker wie Michael Friedman gut versorgt werden auch mit Koks durch die Albaner wie Joschka Fischer.

KFOR Kommandant sagt: Die Eulex Mission ist totaler Unfug und es kann Nichts dabei raus kommen……..Die Autorität der Unmik im Kosovo sei “praktisch inexistent”...….


Left to right – NATO Secretary General, Lord Robertson and Lt. General Fabio Mini, Commander of KFOR (COMKFOR) upon arrival in Pristina.
……………….

Ein früherer Kommandant der Kosovo-Friedenstruppe Kfor sprach indes der Eulex in einem Interview mit der Belgrader Zeitung Vecernje novosti die Sinnhaftigkeit ab. Die UNO schicke schon seit acht Jahren Richter und Polizisten in den Kosovo und habe dabei überhaupt nichts erreicht, sagte der italienische General Fabio Mini. Die Autorität der Unmik im Kosovo sei “praktisch inexistent”. Im Kosovo sichere derzeit niemand den Frieden, und auch die EU-Mission könne dies nicht schaffen…….
…….
http://derstandard.at/?url=/?id=3305254

aus BF

 Kommentar: vor kurzem gab Doris Pack, Auskunft: „man hätte keinen Einfluss mehr im Kosovo“, als es um die Präsidenten Wahl ging. Bei soviel Kriminellen mit Deutschen Parteibuch und als Lobbyisten und den extremen Bestechungsorgien konnte es nicht verwundern. Aber kriminelle Deutsche Politiker, pumpen trotzdem Milliarden in den Albaner Raum, weil es um ihre Jobs geht und füttern und stabilisieren die kriminellen Zirkel.

Kroatien wird das 28 EU Land, in 2013

  • 24.06.2011

EU stimmt Kroatien-Beitritt zu

Dobrodošao, Nr. 28

Voraussichtlich ab dem Juli 2013 wird Kroatien als 28. Staat dem Kreis der EU-Mitglieder angehören. Der EU-Gipfel stellte dafür am Freitag die Weichen – und richtete einen Kontrollmechanismus ein.

Europa wächst zusammen: Slowenisch-kroatischer Grenzübergang in Bregana. Foto: reuters

BRÜSSEL afp | Dobrodošao, Hrvatska! Die EU heißt Kroatien als 28. Mitgliedsland willkommen. Der EU-Gipfel in Brüssel gab am Freitag – exakt 20 Jahre, nachdem Kroatien seine Unabhängigkeit von Jugoslawien erklärt hatte – grünes Licht für den Beitritt. Das Balkanland wird nun voraussichtlich ab dem Juli 2013 dem Kreis der EU-Länder angehören.

Im Jahr 2005 hatte Kroatien die Beitrittsverhandlungen aufgenommen. Die EU-Kommission hatte vor zwei Wochen erklärt, der 4,4-Millionen-Einwohner-Staat erfülle alle Bedingungen für einen Beitritt und empfahl den Staats- und Regierungschefs die Aufnahme. Kroatien wäre nach Slowenien der zweite Nachfolgestaat Ex-Jugoslawiens, der EU-Mitglied wird.

Die Unterzeichnung eines Beitrittsvertrages soll noch „vor Jahresende“ erfolgen, erklärte der EU-Gipfel. Gleichzeitig wird aber betont, dass Kroatien seine Reformbemühungen fortsetzen müsse, „insbesondere was den Justizbereich und die Grundrechte betrifft“.

……………http://www.taz.de/1/politik/europa/artikel/1/dobrodosao-nr-28/

Salih Berisha, Bashkim Gazidede and the Islam Terrorism in Albania

Spy Book Reveals Operational Details of 1998 CIA Balkan Counter-Terrorism Operation

February 4, 2011

A Special Report by Balkanalysis.com Director Chris Deliso in Skopje

Buried deep within a comprehensive history of the CIA’s technical wizardry from the Cold War through to today’s war on terrorism are some intriguing, but overlooked disclosures: previously unknown details regarding a sensitive CIA clandestine operation against Islamic terrorists in the Balkans.

Although the country’s name is not specified in the book, an analysis of available data within the larger historical context indicates beyond doubt that the operation occurred in Tirana, Albania in October 1998, in a joint effort with a CIA station in Western Europe, and probably the one in Rome.

The story becomes even more pertinent today considering the ongoing upheaval in Egypt against the longtime government of President Mubarak, and mass escapes of Islamists imprisoned by him. The prominent CIA role in some of those detainments could conceivably provide a motivating factor for future terrorism against American interests. In any case, the implosion of the Mubarak regime means that decades of sensitive intelligence cooperation could be undone, should the country’s security services be infiltrated by hostile parties.

During the 1990s, Albania became a safe-haven for members of Egyptian Islamic Jihad and al-Qaeda. Their members – some of them fugitives wanted by the Mubarak regime – were drawn to Albania for its proximity to Europe, weak institutions, and the existing presence of a large Islamic charity network which could provide them with “legitimate cover.” Albania thus represented a place of perceived escape; however, the CIA also came to have concerns that American interests in the country were about to be targeted as well- hence the need for an urgent operation.

This CIA Balkan operation is recounted in a fascinating and highly-recommended recent book, Spycraft: The Secret History of the CIA’s Spytechs, from Communism to Al Qaeda (Plume, 2009). It details for the first time how the obscure but effective Office of Technical Services evolved, becoming a vital part of the US intelligence apparatus, with its ever-expanding array of unorthodox spy gear, technology and reconnaissance teams. For the authors, former OTS director Robert Wallace and noted intelligence historian H. Keith Melton, it took several years and much administrative wrangling in order to get permission from the agency to publish this insider’s account of what went on behind the scenes.

While the vast majority of Spycraft is devoted to other matters, the anecdotes concerning Albania make fascinating supplementary reading for those interested in the Balkans, counter-terrorism and understanding the covert tactics of terrorist organizations. The following analysis discusses the revelations that come from the book in both historical context and in terms of the value that can be derived, for pure intelligence understanding, from the episode. Finally, a chronology of key events happening before and after the CIA operation is provided.

Setting the Stage: Key Context for the Operation

The CIA anti-terrorism operation chronicled in Spycraft was just one among many others conducted in Albania since 1995, when several foreign terrorist suspects were arrested and secretly rendered out of the country. These actions had ultimately been necessitated by the reckless and opportunistic policy of the Albanian government in the early 1990s, when then-President Sali Berisha allowed foreign Islamic radicals to establish a foothold in the country, under the tacit support of the then-intelligence chief Bashkim Gazidede. (Following the March 1997 riots and the toppling of Berisha’s government, Gazidede fled to Syria and then Turkey; he returned to Albania several years later and died of natural causes in 2008).

The first round of joint operations occurred in 1995, however, when the Berisha administration was still in power. At the time, the CIA cooperation with a special branch of the SHIK that had been set up to deal with Islamic terrorists infiltrated into the country. A SHIK officer involved at the time, Astrit Nasufi, would years later tell the Chicago Tribune that the unit was essentially run by a US intelligence officer they knew simply as “Mike.”

Among several important developments was the detainment and (temporary) recruitment of Hassan Mustafa Osama Nasr, an Egyptian living in Tirana. Commonly known as Abu Omar, this man would in 2003 be kidnapped off a street in Milan by a CIA team- an audacious abduction caused an outcry among the Italian public, legal threats and, possibly, ruined a surveillance operation that was being conducted by the Italians.

Before apparently leaving Albania and discontinuing his cooperation with the SHIK, Abu Omar provided a few precious bits of intelligence. These included information on Egyptian Islamic Jihad figures in Tirana, and terrorist branches in the UK, Germany, and Italy; in the latter, most significant was Milan’s Islamic Cultural Institute, at the time a base for mujahedin operations in Bosnia. (Soon after these revelations, Italian police raided the premises).

The second major round of CIA-SHIK operations occurred in 1998, a year after the country had descended into anarchy following the collapse of crooked pyramid schemes. The Berisha government was toppled and the rival Socialists took power in July 1997. At the same time, tensions between ethnic Albanians and the government in neighboring Yugoslavia were being felt, as a new militant group – the “Kosovo Liberation Army” – stepped up its operations. The Albanian diaspora in America and elsewhere intensified lobbying efforts, eventually winning the support of diplomatic figures such as Madeleine Albright, then Secretary of State, and diplomat Richard Holbrooke.

However, the intelligence community was more skeptical. For example, an October 1998 report from the Office of the DCI Interagency Balkan Task Force noted that “…US mass media propaganda vociferously attacked Milosevic and Serbs… [is] so blatant that it evoked letters to the editor from uninvolved readers for the obviously slanted coverage”.

For the CIA, politics was secondary to the business of providing security. In June and July 1998, several months before the operation documented in Spycraft, two raids on foreign extremists were conducted with the help of the SHIK and Albanian police. According to a subsequent Washington Post investigation of August 12, 1998, these raids netted “…a bag of faked documents and official Albanian government stamps needed to get past customs and police checkpoints [and] certify legal documents” at the home of a foreign “religious scholar,” Maged Mostafa. For the CIA, a prime security danger in Albania had always involved forgery and misappropriation of official identity documents, and these developments only reinforced this understanding.

The Post article noted that several suspects arrested in June and July 1998 were employed by Islamic charities associated under an umbrella network, bankrolled by the Kuwait Joint Relief Committee. Funded by private Kuwaiti citizens and interests through a Kuwaiti bank, the KJRC managed several charities including the Islamic Revival Foundation, which ostensibly aided “poor Muslim families and orphans in Albania.”

Headquartered in Tirana, it had established a strong presence in 1994. Since that year it had been led by Muhamed Hasan, one of the men arrested in the July 1998 operations. In late 1998, then-intelligence chief Fatos Klosi would attest for media that Osama bin Laden himself had visited Albania to organize his charity network in 1994.

Following the arrests, Muhammed Abdul-Kereem, director of the IRF’s orphan assistance program, stated for the media that “we are not taking advantage of the humanitarian assistance to make some other things.” After Hasan was detained, he was replaced at the IRF by Sudanese national Ibrahim Meki, who had “directed the [charity’s] educational institute for several years.” This institute was described in the August report as comprising four buildings “…surrounded by a high wall topped with barbed wire, [with] a sign on its guardhouse stating that only five cars are allowed to pass the gate, including four listed as holding Kuwaiti diplomatic license plates.”

In 2008, Meki (in his same job capacity) would be expelled from Albania, along with Egyptian national Abdulaziz Muhamed, director of a charity called Goodness of Kuwait, and Mamun Awad, director of the Islamic Vakf Society. Taken together, this would seem clear proof that together with bin Laden, Kuwaiti groups during the 1990s and at least until 2008 have directly sponsored extremist activities in Albania.

Further, for the Post report in August 1998, the institute’s general secretary, Sulejman Kurani, attested that its teaching staff hailed from Sudan, Syria, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, adding that $80,000 had been donated by the charity to help “refugees” in the northern town of Tropoje– “a town that also is a key locus of arms stockpiling and smuggling by members of the Kosovo Liberation Army, the guerrilla group fighting to win Kosovo’s independence from Serbia, Yugoslavia’s dominant republic,” according to the newspaper. This mountainous region was (and is) the stronghold of Sali Berisha, then leader of the opposition Democratic Party.

However, when in July “euphoric” SHIK agents told the local press that the CIA had been involved in the terrorist round-up, al-Qaeda and its supporters were enraged. Several of the men had been rendered to Egypt, where they were reportedly tortured by the authorities. On August 5, a statement co-signed by al-Qaeda promised retaliation for the Albania raids. Two days later, terrorists attacked US embassies in Kenya and Tanzania, killing 224 people and injuring over 5,000.

On August 20, President Clinton launched symbolic missile strikes in Afghanistan and Sudan. However, while those attacks had occurred in Africa and been masterminded from Azerbaijan, the Egyptian Islamic Jihad’s perceived desire to attack American and other embassies returned the CIA’s attention to Albania, where after the attacks embassy staff had been relocated to a compound outside Tirana.

Soon thereafter, another SHIK operation resulted in the detention of one man believed to be planning an attack on the embassy; however, another one escaped. This is when the present story begins.

Planning the Operation: Ingenuity, Assessment and a Bit of Luck

Planning for a detailed operation to find and apprehend the second plotter began in the days immediately after the bombings, when a high-level CIA team visited Tirana to liaise with the SHIK. Despite the significant results achieved in previous operations, the CIA knew that the entire terrorist network established in Albania had not yet been uprooted, and that the operative at large could pose a future threat. However, to make sure nothing went wrong, and to limit further damaging exposure, they would have to come up with a foolproof plan that would disguise Agency involvement.

The exciting account given in Spycraft (pages 343-347) regarding how the CIA team planned its October 1998 Albania operation combines a little bit of everything: deception and stratagems, technical artistry, the use of covert devices, game-planning for various scenarios and so on. Almost ironically, in planning and the unexpected result, it is bookended by the use of two very different concealment devices.

Crucially, the narrative is enlivened with the first-hand testimony of the former OTS officer who led the technical preparations, Brian Mint. The testimony he provided to the authors indicates a combination of factors. First was a situational assessment, and analysis of the psychology and motivations of the at-large suspect, believed to be “a primary al-Qaeda forger who specialized in altered travel documents.” The OTS technical team became involved when wiretapped communications indicated contacts between the suspect and known terrorist cells “in Western Europe.”

The individual (who had apparently gone underground after the capture of his comrade) was married to a local woman, who claimed no knowledge of his whereabouts when asked by police. For the CIA, this man was a valuable target, as his capture “…could produce a wealth of intelligence through the identification of the alias identities of other al-Qaeda operatives along with exemplars of their passports, driver’s licenses, and other travel documents.” Indeed, as the authors recount, “finding the other terrorist became an obsession for the handful of case officers and techs.”

Since the Tirana terrorist underground, and the charities that sustained it had been so severely damaged by police actions since 1995, the CIA officers knew that accessing cash would be a problem for the fugitive. The intercepted communications revealed that al-Qaeda was using “a female cutout” (that is, a courier or go-between). This woman was identified and, in order to find the suspect, the CIA team needed to find a way to follow her in order to locate him.

The idea of combining technology with concealment via public mail was a risky but potentially brilliant method of gaining access to the fugitive without arousing suspicion. “According to Spycraft, “…the concept involved implanting a tracking device as well as an audio transmitter in a package sent to the cutout who could reasonably be expected to deliver it to the target.”

Brian Mint, overseeing the mission, was more skeptical that it could work than was the (unnamed) case officer, who enthused, “we know [the suspect] needs money… he’s gotten funds from Western Europe before and he’s looking for more. You put money in some package with tracking and audio devices and we can get him.”

Despite the inherent challenges, the case officer’s idea prevailed, and a team of technical experts was hastily assembled. While the CIA had long experience in creating myriad unique secret devices over the years, this one required a particularly ingenious design, in that it had to be a “double concealment” object. That is, the device sent through the mail would have to appear innocent enough to pass through the mail, and have not one but two secret cavities- one for the money that they hoped the terrorist would find, and the other for the electronic tracking equipment that they hoped he wouldn’t.

Acquiring and Modifying the Device

The next step, according to the book account, came when a technical officer “was dispatched to look for suitable concealment hosts.” The CIA team believed that “European tourist trinkets” would offer the best option, “since an inexpensive ‘gift’ would not be alerting to customs officials or others handling the item during transit.” Further, the intended recipient “would likely assume the gift was more than it appeared based on its point of origin.”

Thus, although it is not stated in the book, it seems clear that this phase of the operation involved dispatching the technical officer to the Western European city from where the item would need to be mailed- and to find something appropriately touristy to match that place.

The account given in Spycraft does not indicate how much time elapsed between the brain-storming sessions that planned the operation and this subsequent field research. It should not have required more than a few days however. The point of origin where the object was acquired can be deduced both by the 1995 revelations of Abu Omar, about the existence of affiliated terrorist cells in Italy, Germany and the UK, and by the description given of it in Spycraft: a wooden wall plaque with a metallic plate, engraved in outline with the image of an Italian cathedral and words reading ‘Saint Susanna.’ Considering that the ancient Church of Santa Susanna is one of the most famous in Rome, it is highly likely that this plaque was acquired and mailed from that city to Tirana.

However, before this souvenir could be sent, it had to be modified by the techs. After carefully removing the metal faceplate, they carved out a cavity in the center of the plaque “large enough to hold small-denomination bills worth several thousand dollars.” A special note scrawled in Arabic was added, telling the intended recipient “brother we are with you. Hopefully this will get you by until we’re able to contact you again.” Refastening the plaque with a strong adhesive, that could nevertheless be removed with some twisting, the techs then carved out the final touch- “a second compartment at the edge of the plaque large enough for electronics and batteries for two weeks of continuous transmissions.”

Sending and Receiving the Device

This two weeks of battery life was an issue of paramount importance; sent through the regular mail, the package could take as much as a week to arrive in Albania (that is, if it did not first arouse suspicion of postal workers or customs officials on either end, or simply get lost). The team would have to hope for the best- and, that the package would be almost immediately brought to the suspect’s location, otherwise the batteries could die and all their effort be for naught.

The note in Arabic had been necessary, in order to avoid arousing suspicion from the receiving party. But the team also sought to enhance the perception of legitimacy by mailing the device in a package “with labeling to give it the appearance of originating with the European terrorist cell, reads Spycraft. Since terrorist cells quite sensibly do not advertise themselves as such, it seems likely that the authors are hinting that the “labeling” referred to here pointed to an Islamic charity or other front company which would not arouse outside suspicion, but which would be known to the recipient for what it was.

This would mean that the CIA had not only identified the terrorist entity in question (again, probably based in Rome), but that they had either acquired some of its stationery or had been able to acquire an example of it to work from in order to create a reasonable forgery.

And, of course, in order for the whole mission to work at all, the team would have had to assume that the recipient in Albania would be unaware that the apparently sending organization had been compromised to such an extent. (Note that the book does not mention who personally delivered the package to the post office, or if that was an area of concern during the planning stage).

After the package had been sent, the OTS team got to work in Tirana, preparing its specially-equipped vehicles with audio tracking and surveillance equipment devices. All they could do was wait for the pieces of the plan to fall into place; as team leader Mint recalled, “all we knew was the address of the person we thought was the cutout… if that assumption was wrong, the operation ended. Further, we didn’t know if we would be able to keep our van with the audio receiver within the transmitting distance of the bug. We did what we could and hoped for the best.”

The CIA team enjoyed good luck. The package made it safely through the mails, and arrived at the address of the woman who was correctly identified as being the al-Qaeda courier. After being observed opening the package, she “read the Arabic-language note, and fifteen-minutes later, with the package tucked under her arm, began walking across town.”

The Operation Unfolds

At this point, the dual-concealment device tracking operation took on cinematic dimensions. The suspicious courier, not tipped off to anything untowards but still wary, was observed undertaking a “basic surveillance detection run,” states Spycraft. Making various stops, backtracking on certain streets, “she boarded a bus that took her into one part of town, changed buses, and headed to a different section.” However, the surveillance team – said to have been “unobtrusively” following behind – kept track of the courier with the package and “was eventually led to a neighborhood known for a militant Islamic presence.”

There, the woman disappeared into a two-story home behind a walled compound. A short while later, she came out again- this time without the package. What the authors describe as “local security” – most likely, Albanian police units – established a 360-degree perimeter “while the techs set up a listening post in a nearby house within range of the transmitter.”

This last detail is especially interested, though not explained further in Spycraft. Since an American covert surveillance team laden down with sensitive electronics cannot just walk into a private home in a foreign country (not to mention, at the exact moment it becomes operationally necessary to do so), it seems that the Albanian intelligence service must have previously selected a technical safe house in this “rough neighborhood.” It also means that they had somehow kept it from being discovered by local radicals. And thus the structure would likely have also possessed a back entrance or some similarly low-key area for the team to get in without incurring visibility and suspicion.

At the same time that the technical staff began picking up chatter from “several people” opening and discussing the package, an assault team of local police was assembled. The surveillance team then picked up scratching sounds from the plaque’s metal facing being removed; “the techs and case officers wanted to cheer as the concealment passed its first test. The target has recognized that the souvenir was more than it appeared and found the cavity concealing the money.” The team kept listening throughout the afternoon and into evening. And then something went wrong.

The Police Assault- and a Final Concealment Revealed

Stating that “the terrorist’s voice suddenly became agitated and his wife sounded emotional,” Spycraft explains that the technical officers surmised the suspect had detected surveillance on the perimeter while planning to leave the house. However this reason is not definitively claimed. There is also no mention of what happened with the “several” people – assumedly, more than two – initially described). “Then the techs heard the distinctive sound of a weapon being cleared and a round chambered.”

With this stark warning in mind, the Albanian special police prepared for an after-dark assault. After dark, and with the house gone absolutely silent, they stormed the building, concentrating on the second-floor apartment where they believed the suspect to be hiding.

However, a quarter-hour search revealed nothing, and the OTS time was stymied. “Either he managed to slip through the security around the house or he was still in there, hiding somewhere,” recalled team leader Brian Mint, who authorized a continued search. Yet after another hour, the police had found nothing, and the suspect’s wife claimed no knowledge of his whereabouts.

Believing that the operation had come to an end, the CIA officers entered the building to at least retrieve their concealment device, which “they found opened underneath the bed of the second-floor apartment.” It is not stated whether the suspect had discovered the second concealment cavity with the tracking device- if so, this would have clearly been the reason for his agitation a few hours previously, in which case the Albanian perimeter security officers would not have been the reason for the second change in the suspect’s demeanor and decision to arm himself.

Yet just as the OTS team was preparing to leave, “pistol shots and burst from automatic weapons fire came from the kitchen, followed by loud noises.” Apparently, the assault commander had returned to the apartment kitchen for a final look: “either curiosity or policeman’s instinct prompted him to move a small washing machine from against the wall. As he struggled with the surprisingly heavy appliance, a cavity between the back of the machine and the wall was exposed.”

The action then reached its final crescendo: “at that moment the armed terrorist, who had been hiding inside the washing machine, fired a single shot that hit the commander in the chest. Another nearby officer returned fire, recounts the book. “The terrorist rolled out of the machine and continued to shoot until he was killed with a burst of automatic fire from the assault team.”

The final strange irony of the account given in Spycraft concerns that the unfortunate terrorist had himself long been aware of the existence and use of concealment devices- the authors add:

“Closer inspection revealed that the working elements of the washing machine had been removed to create a hiding place just large enough for one person. Access to the concealment was obtained by removing the loosely attached tin backing and crawling through to the cavity.”

The operation was thus concluded, and was considered a success. Unlike during the disastrously publicized operations of a few months earlier, reads Spycraft, “press reports the following day made no mention of the Agency’s operational or technical role in the action, though the assault team along with the wounded commander, received deserved accolades. The OTS techs were satisfied to have played an unpublicized role in removing another terrorist from the seemingly endless war.”

The Concealment Operation: Final Assessments and Thoughts

There are several lessons that can be drawn from an assessment of this operation, relevant for both historians and intelligence practitioners. A study of both what actually did happen – and what could have happened differently – is instructive in our understanding of both disciplines.

For historians, the major conclusion that can be drawn from the account given in Spycraft is that Islamic radical networks present in Albania in the late 1990’s were highly organized, employed professional means of evading surveillance, and were well-armed. Their heightened levels of suspicion – justified after years of being hunted by police – were nevertheless not completely foolproof.

Another important point is that the Albanian police and intelligence services were enthusiastic and cooperative with the CIA in attempting to rid their country of the terrorist scourge. That they were capable of assisting with the operation, maintain secrecy, follow the courier, and execute the operation was quite an achievement, considering that the SHIK had been essentially reconstructed and retrained for barely over a year, at the time. It is also quite remarkable considering the considerable distraction presented by preparations for an imminent NATO intervention in Kosovo, and the concomitant preparations for Islamic charities to bring hundreds of new people into the country from all 1998 onwards.

For intelligence practitioners, every facet of the operation – from conception to conclusion – is relevant. First, the operational leader had to be convinced of the feasibility of sending a concealment device through the mail and it appears that it was only the enthusiasm of the case officer that won him over. Had it failed along the way, it was not likely to have been attempted again, at least not in the same theater of operations. The CIA would then have had to conceive of another way of accessing the individual- something that could have grown more difficult as further time passed.

And, had the tracking equipment been detected by the courier or suspect, not only would a covert foreign intelligence role have been assumed, but also the Islamist organization on the sending side would have been made aware of the deception- something that would certainly have caused communications with the Albanian cell to cease.

It might also be noted that the sheer physicality of the concealment device marks it as an essentially 20th-century tactic, meaning it might not even be considered today when there are many new and different means of communication and access to funds than existed at that time.

While the operation was generally successful, the fact that the suspect had been killed instead of taken alive was unfortunate. After all, one of the key goals stated in Spycraft was that the suspect could, if taken alive, “produce a wealth of intelligence through the identification of the alias identities of other al-Qaeda operatives along with exemplars of their passports, driver’s licenses, and other travel documents.” Since he was killed in the police raid, however, these secrets died with him- though certainly the police would have recovered some documents or other data of importance.

The only lingering mystery left from the account given in Spycraft lies with the use of the word “several” to describe the number of individuals heard conversing within the house by the technical officers, once the concealment device arrived. Since this adjective implies the presence of more than two individuals, it is a bit odd that the rest of the account mentions only “the terrorist” and “his wife.” It is not possible that the crucial third party could have been the female courier, since she had left before the team heard conversations.

We are then left with an enigma: either the adjective “several” was mistaken, or other individuals were present in the house and had either somehow escaped before the police raid, remained in hiding during it, or been killed as well and just not mentioned. None of these are likely. For the third to be the case would have to mean that other individuals killed were either unexpected “collateral damage” that could provoke embarrassment if revealed, or such high-value targets that they could not be revealed even in passing. This mystery remains unresolved in the book’s account.

Appendix: Chronology of Events

The following events provide a timeline within which context can be established for the specific operation analyzed above, while also illustrating in general the intriguing convergence – and sometimes divergence – of global security events and US foreign policy of the time.

January-March 1997: The collapse of massive pyramid schemes leads to widespread anarchy in Albania, leaving over 2,000 dead and toppling the government of Sali Berisha.

April 1 1997: Caretaker Prime Minister Bashkim Fino announces the immediate suspension of the SHIK (Shërbimi Informativ Kombëtar/National Intelligence Service); its director, Islamist-supporting Bashkim Gazidede and his deputy, Bujar Rama, both resign.

May 30 1997: Arben Karkini is named new director of the SHIK.

July 1997: Fatos Klosi replaces Karkini as head of SHIK, following Socialist Party victory in July 1997 parliamentary elections forces Berisha government into opposition. Numerous personnel associated with the old regime are removed.

September 22 1997: A former director of the SHIK, Shkëlqim Agolli is found stabbed to death in his Athens home. Albanian media reports that the assassination was done by a Vlorë-based group, Komiteti Shpëtimit (Commission of Salvation), created after the riots.

October 1997: CIA sends a team to Tirana to begin a three-month training course for reforming the SHIK.

February 23 1998: Osama bin Laden issues his first fatwa, ordering Muslims to kill Jews and Christians throughout the world; the order sparks concern among the CIA.

February-March 1998: Albanian SHIK intercepts “chatter” between terrorist groups both within and without the country, including conversations with Egyptian Islamic Jihad members and its leader al-Zawahari.

Spring 1998: SHIK Director Fatos Klosi is called to CIA headquarters in Langley, Virginia for a briefing on future course of action.

June 25 1998: Egypt issues international arrest warrant for Tirana-based fugitive Shawki Salami Attiya.

Late June 1998: CIA-supported SHIK operation captures Tirana-based extremists Attiya, Ahmed Ibrahim Nagar, Mohammad Hassan Tita (Muhamed Hasan) and Mohamed Ahmed Salama Mabrouk, believed to have been sponsored by Osama bin Laden; however, another suspect is killed and two others escape. CIA recovers significant quantities of internal documents and computer equipment.

July 1998: Following the successful operation, “euphoric” SHIK agents unfortunately leak details of CIA involvement to the media, infuriating al Qaeda and its supporters

July 1998: Two weeks after the raid, another CIA-supported SHIK operation nets two more suspected terrorists.

August 5 1998: al-Qaeda publishes a statement vowing a response to the American-led Albania operation “in a language they will understand.” Statement is signed by bin Laden umbrella group International Islamic Front for Jihad.

August 7 1998: al-Qaeda terrorists attack US Embassies in Kenya and Tanzania, killing 224 people and injuring over 5,000.

August 12 1998: The Washington Post reports that senior US intelligence officials have in the previous few days visited Tirana to discuss the operations, unfortunate media leak and East African embassy bombings with SHIK officials.

August 20 1998: While vacationing in Martha’s Vineyard, Mass., President Clinton announces success in that day’s ‘Operation Infinite Reach.’ This bombing of an al-Qaeda training camp in Afghanistan, and a Sudanese pharmaceutical plant is a largely symbolic act that fuels more hatred of America among jihad supporters worldwide.

October 1998: CIA-organized raid executed by Albanian strike force raids EIJ safe house, leaving one suspect dead (operation recounted in Spycraft)

November 29 1998: US embassy non-essential employees in Tirana, removed due to fears of another attack similar to the East Africa embassy bombings, were still being kept from returning to the job, a sign that the whole al-Qaeda network had not been uprooted.

March 22 1999: NATO intervention in neighboring Kosovo begins.

April-June 1999: Thousands of new personnel, and millions of dollars in cash and supplies, enter Albania under the control of Saudi, Kuwaiti, Pakistani and other foreign Islamic charity groups. Liaise with existing charities some of whom have been direct targets of CIA investigations in the past.

June 9 1999: NATO bombing ceases as peace agreement reached, leading Yugoslav forces to withdraw from Kosovo.

June-July 1999: From Tirana, Saudi and Kuwaiti Joint Commissions for Relief in Kosovo fund massive efforts to assist refugees returning to Kosovo. Subsidiary cooperators include groups that will be linked with al-Qaeda later.

July 1999: Following NATO’s victorious Kosovo campaign, a celebratory visit to Tirana by US Defense Secretary William Cohen is cancelled over fears of Islamic terrorists.

November 1999 The SHIK is given a new name, State Intelligence Service (Sherbimi Informativ Shteteror, or SHISH)

August 7 2002: SHISH Director Fatos Klosi, the man who cooperated most closely with CIA, is removed from his position by President Alfred Moisiu; the move, reportedly ordered by the man who had originally nominated Klosi in 1997, Socialist Prime Minister Fatos Nano, is described in media as being politically motivated.

……………………….

Interested in more details on covert operations and the technologies behind them? Buy Spycraft: The Secret History of the CIA’s Spytechs, from Communism to Al Qaeda now!

 Western Intelligence Services Focus on Albania’s Islamist Groups ahead of US Presidential Visit

June 2, 2007

By Christopher Deliso

With additional reporting from Albania by Stavros Markos

Tirana is swarming with American and British intelligence officers and Secret Service personnel ahead of American President George W. Bush’s June 10 visit to Albania. While such attention is standard procedure before any such trip anywhere in the world, specific local conditions are being factored in to the equation. According to published Albanian media sources and off-the-record testimony from Western intelligence officials, the US security detail, with support from the ever-faithful British MI6, is particularly keen to neutralize small Islamic fundamentalist organizations operating in the country. But a mysterious explosion near the US embassy on May 16 and two munitions seizures on May 30 have still not been attributed to any group………………

According to Albanian security expert Damian Gjiknuri, Gazidede, a former chairman of the Islamic Intellectuals Association of Albania was in the early 1990′s “working around the clock receiving official delegations from the Arab world, hence deviating from the official duties and even compromising national security.” In 1997, after the corrupt pyramid schemes collapsed and brought total anarchy to the country, the Berisha government was toppled and Gazidede fled, in July 1997. Reportedly, he went to the Middle East and was later protected and employed by Turkey’s MIT intelligence service.

What happened subsequently is opaque. It was reported that the former spychief returned to Albania in December 2005, following Sali Berisha’s re-election, on a Turkish Airlines flight. However, a European security official claims that this “sighting” was of a body double, and that Gazidede really returned via ship, from Turkish-held North Cyprus. Neither account can be confirmed. Since May 2006, German and Albanian news reports have claimed that Gazidede was given a state job overseeing property issues, but is now in Rome for medical treatment. In any case, it seems that Gazidede is no longer in a position to cause mischief. (Gazidede died in Rome in 2008)

A more perplexing disappearance has been that of Abdul Latif Saleh, once a major player on Tirana’s Islamic fundamentalist scene. This Jordanian radical employed by the Saudi government was also the business manager in Albania for Yassin al-Qadi, a Saudi tycoon was designated a terrorist sponsor by the US Treasury in October 2001. Although his American assets were frozen by the Bush administration, al Qadi’s web of business connections means he has not been touched abroad, and indeed his close connections with Turkish Prime Minister Erdogan resulted in his exoneration in that country last year.

In the 1990′s, al-Qadi was one of the leading Arab investors in Albania. His 15-story business centers (they would be seized by the Albanian government in 2002) were known, ironically, as Tirana’s “Twin Towers.” Al-Qadi, the founder and chief investor in the terrorist fundraising charity, Muwafaq (“Blessed Relief’), was alleged by the US government to have laundered $10 million for bin Laden through his business interests and charities. Investigators would also claim that Abdul Latif Saleh, the 45-year-old general manager of al-Qadi’s construction company, sugar importing firm and medical center, had been given $600,000 by Osama bin Laden for terrorist cells in Albania.

In September 2005, a US Treasury announcement reiterated its claims about the Jordanian. “Saleh has multiple ties to al Qaida, ranging from the Al Haramain Foundation to Yasin Qadi to Usama bin Laden,” said Stuart Levey, the Treasury’s Under Secretary for Terrorism and Financial Intelligence (TFI). “This designation identifies him as a terrorist facilitator and ensures that he will no longer be able to operate unencumbered.”

………………

 The press release also replaced the name of one of Saleh’s alleged terrorist affiliations — the Salafist Group for Call and Combat — with the renamed version of the same Algerian Wahhabi extremist group, The Organization of Al QaˆšÉ¬Øda in the Islamic Maghreb. On April 11, 2007, the group claimed responsibility for an Algiers bombing that killed 24 and wounded 222. North African terrorist groups have been fingered almost unanimously by Western intelligence experts as the most dangerous new development for possible terrorist attacks in France or Spain.

 

secret documents!

 

http://cryptome.org/0003/unmik-organs.zip  29 page UNMIK

 

http://cryptome.org/0003/kosovo-crime.zip  38 NATO Graphiken

 

http://cryptome.org/0003/xhavit-haliti.zip    Xhavit Halili

 

Yassin Kadi
Die Bin Laden Hochhäuser in Tirana von Yassin Kadi! Im Januar 2002 beschlagnahmt, wo Yassin Kadi 55% Anteile hatte, mit kriminellen CIA Griechen zusammen: (Georg Tenet, der CIA Direktor, ist Griechischer Abstammung und in Himari – Albanien geboren)  Heute wird gegen diese Leute ermittelt, wie man mit gefälschten Urkunden zu grossen Grund Besitz in Tirana kam, wo illegale Appartments Blocks zum Zwecke der Geldwäsche errichtet wurden.
Valentina Leskaj, ist aktiv in die Geldwäsche des Bin Laden Vertrauten Abdul Latif Saleh in Albanien verwickelt, der auf der US Verbots Liste des US Schatz Amtes steht. Kurz gesagt, führte die sogar Konten von Bin Laden in Tirana, vor allem bei American Bank of Albania, welche nun Anders heisst. 35 Bankkonten wurden dort von der Familie Yassin Kadi beschlagnahmt, welche als Bin Laden Finanziers gelten. Ebenso das Vermögen des Abdul Latif Saleh.

Geschichte der Clintos im Balkan: immer mit Kriminellen und Terroristen unterwegs, wie Drogen Bossen.

Wie [40] Wiebes festhält und sogar Holbrooke der hochkriminelle Diplomat bestätigte, hat Holbrook aktiv die Islamischen Terroristen in den Balkan gebracht.

June 1993: Saudis Urge US to Lead in Military Assistance to Bosnian Muslims
Edit event

Richard Holbrooke.Richard Holbrooke. [Source: US State Department]Saudi intelligence chief Prince Turki al Faisal urges President Bill Clinton to take the lead in military assistance to Bosnia. Richard Holbrooke, US ambassador to Germany at the time, draws up plans for covert assistance. [41] [Wiebes, 2003, pp. 195]

Entity Tags: Turki al-Faisal, William Jefferson (“Bill”) Clinton, Richard Charles Albert Holbrooke

Timeline Tags: Complete 911 Timeline

Assistant Secretary of State for European and Canadian Affairs Richard Holbrooke persuades the State Department to license Military Professional Resources Inc. (MPRI), a private military contractor, to provide training to the Croatian army. [Ripley, 1999, pp. 81-82, 90; Scotsman, 3/2/2001] According to MPRI information officer Joseph Allred, the firm exists so that “the US can have influence as part of its national strategy on other nations without employing its own army.” [New American, 5/10/1999; Serbian National Federation, 8/1999]

Entity Tags: Kosovo Liberation Army, Military Professional Resources Inc., Richard Charles Albert Holbrooke, Croatian army

Early September 1994: US Military Begins Advising and Assisting Bosnian Muslim Army
Edit event

Brigadier Gen. Michael Hayden (left, with glasses), US Marine Corps Gen. David Mize (front and center), and US Marine Corps Lt. Gen. Edward Hanlon Jr. (behind Mize) in Gornji Vakuf, Bosnia, on September 4, 1994.Brigadier Gen. Michael Hayden (left, with glasses), US Marine Corps Gen. David Mize (front and center), and US Marine Corps Lt. Gen. Edward Hanlon Jr. (behind Mize) in Gornji Vakuf, Bosnia, on September 4, 1994. [Source: Paul Harris] (click image to enlarge)US ambassador Charles Thomas; Assistant Secretary of State for Europe Richard Holbrooke, his deputy Robert Frasure, head of intelligence for US European Command Brigadier Gen. Michael Hayden, US Air Force Gen. Charles Boyd, US Marine Corps Gen. David Mize, and US Marine Corps Lt. Gen. Edward Hanlon Jr., meet with the Muslim Bosnian army commander for Central Bosnia, Mehmet Alagic, in the town of Gornji Vakuf. The US group also visits Mostar, which is also controlled by the Bosnian Muslims. The Pentagon claims the US diplomats are there to familiarize themselves with the situation on the ground and the generals “just happened to be along,” but in appears in fact these meetings are part of a US effort to help the Croats and Muslims work together in upcoming offensives. Following this visit, US “logistics advisers” move into key locations throughout Bosnia, including the UN-controlled Tuzla airport. US Special Forces help build a secret airstrip in Visoko, central Bosnia, to land heavy transport aircraft (see Late 1994-Late 1995), and mysterious flights begin arriving at the Tuzla airports a few months later (see February-March 1995). [Observer, 11/20/1994; Scotsman, 12/3/1995] Hayden will later become head of the NSA and then head of the CIA.

Entity Tags: David Mize, Edward Hanlon Jr., Robert Frasure, Michael Hayden, Charles Boyd, Charles Thomas, Richard Charles Albert Holbrooke, Mehmet Alagic

Timeline Tags: Complete 911 Timeline

[42] http://www.historycommons.org/entity.jsp?entity=richard_charles_albert_holbrooke

„Paolo Pinkel“ und Joschka Fischer lassen Grüßen: Zwangsprostitution in Deutschland

21.06.2011

 

 

Bild einer moldawischen Kampagne gegen Menschenhandel: Eine Hand hält eine eingeschüchterte Frau, eine andere Hand ein Bündel Geldscheine

Für jede Imbissbude in Deutschland braucht man eine Genehmigung, für Prostitutionsbetriebe dagegen gibt es keine Vorschriften. Das soll sich ändern. Vor allem Migrantinnen werden von Menschenhändlern brutal ausgebeutet.

 

„Ich mache deine Kinder kaputt“, mit dieser Drohung zwang eine rumänische Zuhälterin die junge Mutter Laura (Name geändert) in einer deutschen Kleinstadt zur Prostitution. Laura hatte in ihrer Heimat Rumänien keine Arbeit gefunden. Sie wurde mit dem Versprechen nach Deutschland gelockt, dass sie hier als Kellnerin arbeiten könnte. Doch nach ihrer Ankunft wurde sie geschlagen und eingesperrt. Mit der Todesdrohung gegen ihre kleinen Kinder in der Heimat zwang man sie, die sexuellen Wünsche deutscher Männer zu erfüllen. Laura klingt traurig und angewidert, wenn sie von diesen Männern spricht.Eine junge Frau steht mit ihrem Baby auf dem Arm vor einer Beratungsstelle der Organisation Solwodi (Foto: DW)„Laura“ drohte man, ihre Kinder zu ermorden

 

Laura konnte nach einigen Tagen aus dem Bordell fliehen. Eine Passantin begleitete sie zur Polizei. Sie fand Zuflucht in einer Schutzwohnung der Hilfsorganisation Solwodi. In 15 deutschen Städten kümmern sich deren Mitarbeiterinnen um Frauen in Not. Auch Helga Tauch, Leiterin von Solwodi Nordrhein-Westfalen, nimmt immer wieder Frauen aus dem wachsenden Rotlichtmilieu auf: „Ich habe sie als schwerst traumatisiert erlebt, ohne Kleidung, oft über Tage lang nicht richtig ernährt, durstig, verfroren und kaputtgemacht.“

 

BKA geht von großem Dunkelfeld aus

 

Fälle wie den von Laura bekommt Heidemarie Rall aus ganz Deutschland auf den Schreibtisch. Sie leitet das Sachgebiet Menschenhandel beim Bundeskriminalamt (BKA) in Wiesbaden.

 

Bild der Kriminalbeamtin Heidemarie Rall vor dem Amtsschild des Bundeskriminalamtes (Foto: DW)Heidemarie Rall vom Bundeskriminalamt: „Nur die Spitze des Eisbergs“„Menschenhandel zum Zweck der sexuellen Ausbeutung betrifft in der Regel Frauen, die zur Prostitution gezwungen werden. In den letzten Jahren sind rund 800 Opfer von Menschenhandel verzeichnet, aber das ist nur die Spitze des Eisbergs.“

 

Denn das BKA erfasst nur Ermittlungsverfahren, die abgeschlossen wurden. Auch bleibt unberücksichtigt, wenn Frauen nicht gegen die Täter aussagen oder gar nicht erst in Kontakt mit der Polizei kommen: „Es gibt sicherlich ein sehr hohes Dunkelfeld.“

 

Imbissbude braucht Genehmigung, Bordell nichtFassade eines Bordells mit abgedunkelten Fenstern, davor ein Schnellimbiss (Foto: DW)Bordellbetrieb hinter verdunkelten Fenstern

 

Behörden und Polizei haben seit dem Prostitutionsgesetz von 2002 weniger Möglichkeiten, dieses Dunkelfeld auszuleuchten. Die Prostitution wurde damals legalisiert, aber man beschloss dafür keine verbindlichen Vorschriften.

 

Wer in Deutschland ein Bordell eröffnen will, braucht keine Erlaubnis der Behörden. Wer dagegen Würstchen oder Pommes verkaufen will, muss sich das genehmigen lassen und wird von den Behörden kontrolliert.

 

„Das ist geradezu schizophren“, sagt Staatssekretär Josef Hecken aus dem Frauen- und Familienministerium. Sein Haus will ein neues Gesetz vorlegen, um Menschenhandel und Zwangsprostitution besser bekämpfen zu können.

 

Diese Forderung erheben auch die Innenminister der deutschen Bundesländer und der Bundesrat. Viele Polizisten warten seit Jahren auf solche Gesetzesänderungen. Detlef Ubben leitet in Hamburg die Polizei-Dienststelle gegen die kriminelle Ausbeutung von Prostituierten: „Im Moment ist es so, dass jeder verurteilte Gewalttäter ein Bordell aufmachen kann.“ Das gilt sogar für vorbestrafte Menschenhändler.

 

Die Angst bleibt

 

Auch die Bulgarin Olga (Name geändert) war in der Gewalt eines Menschenhändlers. Sie wuchs in einem Kinderheim auf und wurde mit 16 Jahren von ihrer Mutter an einen Zuhälter verkauft, der sie nach Deutschland schleuste. Olga wurde mit vielen anderen Mädchen auf engstem Raum eingesperrt, geschlagen und unter Drogen gesetzt. Wenn sie zu wenig Geld verdiente, bekam sie nichts zu essen.

 

Die Mitarbeiterin der Hilfsorganisation Solwodi legt einer Frau den Arm auf die Schulter und führt sie zu einem Behördeneingang (Foto: DW)„Olga“ wird von Solwodi zu deutschen Behörden begleitet

Das alles geschah in einer großen deutschen Stadt, deren Namen Olga bis heute nicht nennen will, genauso wenig wie ihren richtigen Namen. Sie fühlt sich immer noch bedroht, auch wenn die Polizei sie schon vor Jahren aus dem Rotlichtmilieu befreite:

 

„Ich hab immer noch ab und zu Angst, mein Zuhälter würde mich finden. Der hat mich schon einmal gefunden und ich musste wieder diese Prostitution machen.“ Sicher fühlt sich Olga bisher nur bei der Hilfsorganisation Solwodi, deren Mitarbeiterinnen sie auch bei Behördengängen begleiten.

 

Große Nachfrage, große ProfiteEin Schild vor einem Parkplatz bietet den Kunden eines Bordells kostenloses Parken an (Foto: DW)Kostenlose Parkplätze für die Freier der Bordelle

 

Die Nachfrage nach käuflichen „sexuellen Diensten“ ist groß. Es werden Milliardenprofite gemacht. Menschenhandel gilt neben dem Waffenhandel als eine der größten Einnahmequellen der organisierten Kriminalität. Die meisten Frauen aber werden ausgebeutet. Das gilt vor allem für Migrantinnen, die im Ausland oft besonders hilflos sind, weil sie dort meist keine sozialen Kontakte außerhalb des Rotlichtmilieus haben, weil sie ihre Rechte nicht kennen und sich der Polizei zunächst nicht anvertrauen wollen.

 

Viele der in Deutschland ausgebeuteten Frauen stammen aus Osteuropa, in letzter Zeit verstärkt aus den EU-Neumitgliedsstaaten Bulgarien und Rumänien. Immer mehr Frauen haben keine oder eine schlechte Ausbildung, die meisten sprechen kaum Deutsch. Zuhälter und Bordellbesitzer sagen auf Nachfrage, dass die Frauen als Selbstständige arbeiten. Tatsächlich aber bestimmen meist andere, wann, wo und wie lange die Frauen arbeiten.

 

Zuhälter und andere Profiteure üben massiven Druck auf die Frauen aus, die Wünsche der Freier zu erfüllen. Denn nur so verdienen sie mit den Frauen sehr viel Geld. Den Frauen stellen sie dann oft noch umfangreiche Kosten in Rechnung, die diese abarbeiten sollen. Dazu gehören auch Zahlungen an die deutschen Steuerbehörden.

 

Fast rund um die Uhr bereit und oft krank

 

(Foto: DW)Gut besucht: eine Bordellstrasse im RuhrgebietBeispiel Oberhausen im Ruhrgebiet: Die Bordellstraße ist durch eine Bretterwand vom normalen Wohngebiet abgeschirmt. Hinter der Wand schlendern fast rund um die Uhr Männer aus allen sozialen Schichten und Altersgruppen an Glastüren und Fenstern vorbei.

 

Dahinter sitzen Mädchen und Frauen in aufreizenden Dessous auf Barhockern. Viele weitere warten in einem schummerigen Laufhaus vor ihren Zimmern auf Kunden: ein Leben ohne Tageslicht, in stickiger Luft.

 

14 bis 20 Stunden, so berichtet die rumänische Sozialarbeiterin Lilli (auch sie will ihren richtigen Namen nicht nennen), müssen sich die Frauen bereithalten, weil ihre Zuhälter Druck machen. Für das Zimmer zahlen die Frauen 100 bis 130 Euro pro Tag an den Bordellbetreiber.

 

Pro Freier aber gibt es immer weniger Geld, denn die Konkurrenz ist groß. Für den eigenen Bedarf bleibt den Frauen kaum etwas übrig, und sie sind nicht krankenversichert. Dafür sind viele Frauen krank, leiden an Hepatitis oder Syphilis.

 

(Foto: DW)Hilfsangebot an Frauen, die in der Prostitution arbeiten

Verpflichtende Gesundheitskontrollen in der Prostitution gibt es in Deutschland seit 10 Jahren nicht mehr.

 

………………………

http://www.dw-world.de/dw/article/0,,15067067,00.html