Serbien wird EU-Beitritts Kandidat in der ersten Hälfte 2008 !

Serbia may gain EU candidate status in 2008


BELGRADE, Serbia — Slovenian Prime Minister Janez Jansa, whose country will assume the EU’s rotating presidency on January 1st 2008, is proposing that Serbia should gain official candidate status during the first half of next year, provided it meets all the conditions. He reportedly made the suggestion in a letter to European Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso. (Jutarnji list, RTRS, SRNA – 30/09/07)


Slowenien übernimmt die EU Präsidentschaft Anfang Januar und auf diesen Wege, will der wohl mächtigste Befürworter im Balkan einer Serbischen EU Mitgliedschaft die traurigen Kapitel und Fehler der Vergangenheit bewältigen.

Das ist im übrigen seit langem der echte Experten Tip, die Probleme des Kosovo ebenso zu beenden und man hätte es vor 8 Jahren machen sollen.

Slowenien macht da wirklich einen Klasse Job, das Serbien alle Chancen hat.

Jetzt hat praktisch Serbien eine feste Zussage auf EU Mitgliedschaft, sobald die Kriterien erfüllt sind.

EU says Serbia will join bloc after meeting accession criteria


BRUSSELS, Belgium — Serbia can enter the EU when it meets the accession criteria, says Johannes Laitenberger, the spokesman for European Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso. Laitenberger was responding on Monday (October 1st) to a letter from Slovenian Prime Minister Janez Jansa, who urged all EU members to grant Serbia EU candidate status during Slovenia’s EU presidency, during the second half of 2008.

Serbia’s prospects were discussed this week during a meeting between EU Enlargement Commissioner Olli Rehn and UN war crimes chief prosecutor Carla del Ponte. Laitenberger added that although Serbia had progressed well in talks on its Stabilisation and Association Agreement with the EU, the tribunal’s opinion about whether Serbia has started to co-operate effectively would be decisive. (Danas, EUobserver – 02/10/07; Tanjug – 01/10/07)


Greek police detain dozens of illegal immigrants


ATHENS, Greece — The Greek border police have arrested 69 illegal immigrants and seven others suspected of attempting to smuggle them into the country. According to a police statement released on Saturday (September 29th), the group attempted to cross the Evros river from Turkey. The immigrants were described as men from Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Iraq and Sri Lanka.

The Greek coast guard meanwhile detained 187 illegal aliens on the islands of Lesvos, Kos, Folegandros and Samos. They told the police that they had been taken by boat from Turkey and had each paid 2,000 euros for the trip. (AFP, Kathimerini – 28/09/07)

Haftstrafen wegen Massakers in Vukovar


Haftstrafen wegen Massakers in Vukovar

Neben Mrkši (l.) wurde auch dessen Gehilfe Sljivancanin verurteilt

27. September 2007 
Das Kriegsverbrechertribunal der Vereinten Nationen für das ehemalige Jugoslawien hat am Donnerstag den früheren serbischen Militärbefehlshaber Mile Mrkši zu 20 Jahren Haft wegen Mords und Folter im Fall des Massakers von Vukovar verurteilt. Der Offizier Veselin Sljivancanin wurde wegen desselben Massakers wegen Folter zu fünf Jahren Haft verurteilt. Der Offizier Miroslav Radi wurde freigesprochen.

Die Angeklagten waren Befehlshaber in der sogenannten Jugoslawischen Volksarmee (JNA), die zum Zeitpunkt der Belagerung der kroatischen Donaustadt Vukovar im Herbst 1991 de facto schon eine serbische Armee war. Mrkši stammt aus Kroatien, Sljivancanin aus Montenegro und der freigesprochene Radi aus Serbien. Der Angriff auf Vukovar war Teil des serbischen Vertreibungskrieges gegen die kroatische Bevölkerung.

Vukovar im Jahr 1991

Vor Ausbruch des Krieges waren mehr als 43 Prozent der Bevölkerung in der knapp 85.000 Einwohner zählenden Gemeinde Vukovar Kroaten. Serben stellten laut der letzten Vorkriegsvolkszählung knapp 38 Prozent, etwa sieben Prozent bezeichneten sich als Jugoslawen. Nach dem Fall Vukovars wurde die kroatische Bevölkerung aus der Stadt vertrieben.

Belagert, beschossen, eingenommen




Wahhabism tightening grip over Kosovo – Die Ausbreitung des fundamentalen Wahhabism Islam im Kosovo

Wahhabism tightening grip over Kosovo

Ahtisaari’s plan for independence may help terrorism flourish

É slam has flourished in the Balkans over the centuries with a peaceful and modern outlook but over the last decade, especially now with the talk of Kosovo independence, there are questions being raised about the external influence in once-tranquil religious relations.
Wahhabism, a fundamental form of Islam with origins in Saudi Arabia has been rearing its ugly head of intolerance in the Balkans starting from Bosnia a decade ago. With the recent manifestation of its hardcore modus operandi in Kosovo, which has more than a 90 percent Muslim population, the ongoing impact of Wahhabism demands serious attention. First, let’s look at origins of Wahhabism. …………………. the Saudi ruling family in 1980s decided to export this home-grown militancy to Afghanistan to fight Soviets and the rest is history.
Today, Wahhabism needs new breeding grounds along with training and survival fields. It will not be long after the “independence” of Kosovo that the Kosovoan version, of “Muttawa,” the religious police since 1926 of Wahhabism in Saudi Arabia that enforces prayer five times a day, monitors mobile SMS and arrests women for failing to cover themselves completely, will be a reality on the streets of Kosovo. One look at the local media reports in Kosovo and neighbouring arena will suffice to convince any sceptic about the dangers of Wahhabism form of Islam. The UN and Kosovo police in the southern part of the divided town of Kosovska Mitrovica on September 19 arrested one of the leaders of the Wahhabite movement in southern Serbia and Kosovo, according to local media reports.
According to these reports the arrested man was Bajram Aslani, allegedly the main Kosovo connection with the recentlyarrested Wahhabi group in Novi Pazar, Southern Serbia. The local reports suggested that the Belgrade Special prosecution for Organised crime on September 14 pressed charges against a group of 15 Wahhabites from Novi Pazar for terrorism and unlawful possession of arms.
Some of the defendants were arrested near Novi Pazar on March 16 and large quantities of weapons, ammunition and explosives were found during the operation. Moreover, in late April reports stated that in the village of Donja Trnava near Novi Pazar, the police had a clash with two Wahabis, which resulted in the killing of one of them, Ismail Prentic, and the wounding of one police officer.
Two recent explicit cases involving Wahhabis in Kosovo can be put forward in addition to every day media reports of Wahhabis being arrested, exchanging fire with law-enforcing agencies or simply taking over mosques that have been there for hundreds of years in Turkish style and converting them to conform to Wahhabi way of architecture and worship. The first case is in the Gazimestan area which has historic values with a famous medieval battlefield dating back to 1389, stretching from Pristina to Mitrovica. In addition to the remains of Serbian Prince Lazar and Ottoman Sultan Murad, there in the vicinity are two shrines called “Turbe” existing for hundreds of years and have never got disturbed until recently when these were vandalised.
According to local reliable sources who wanted to remain anonymous for obvious reasons, it was allegedly the work of Wahhabis as they believe tombs should not be kept as shrines. The allegations are strengthened by the fact that even in Saudi Arabia there have been such cases like the Jannatul- Baqi, the famous cemetery in Medina, also known as the “Tree garden of Heaven,” which is alleged to have been destroyed in order to keep up with the Wahhabi ideal of not worshipping graves.
Another important case that did stir strong local resentment happened in Prizren, an old historic town that has a history of multiethnic population represented by an Orthodox Church, a Catholic Church and a Mosque, more than 350 years old from the days of Ottoman Empire. According to local sources, the mosque was getting refurbished with Saudi money and the new Imam allegedly preaches Wahhabism. The local Muslim population is disgruntled with the actions of the new Imam who without consultations first made living quarters for himself as an extension of the ancient Mosque and then replaced “irreplaceable” decorative wooden work on the inside ceiling and other parts with new aluminium frames thus the Mosque lost forever its historic heritage.
Another practice that is prevalent in Kosovo today is Wahhabis allegedly paying poor people to wear visible signs of Islam. According to local sources the alleged rate today varies from 100 Euro to 300 Euro per month depending on how much of face or body is covered in Islamic clothing.
Money talks and it sure does as is evident with its contribution to the replacement of moderate Islam in Kosovo with the financing of “Islamic studies” trips for youngsters. After a stint of such religious learning abroad in Saudi Arabia or Egypt, lasting around six to 12 months, the youngsters upon returning back in Kosovo sport Islamic beards and robes instead of their jeans.
Watching those alarming signs in Kosovo, socio-religious pundits and political observers warn that slow but steady moderate Islam with its Turkish roots is on its way out and with the talk of independence in Kosovo picking up, soon the days when girls sport western clothes will be history. The mix of Saudi Wahhabism with their oil money is proving dangerous to the world.
The question that comes to mind is: Was it a coincidence that 15 of the 19 hijackers of September 11 terrorist attacks on the US were Saudi citizens and so is the mastermind Osama bin Laden? In a Catch- 22 situation, the West is financing for spread of fundamental Islam in the form of Wahhabism which will boomerang to hurt them. By supporting the UN envoy for Kosovo, Martti Ahtisaari’s plan for Kosovo’s independence, many Western governments are unwittingly working to carve out a safe haven for criminality and fundamentalist Islam in the heart of Europe.
It’s time to rethink Kosovo independence: another Taliban in the making and this time right in the heart of European
Continent from where it will be easier not only to strike in Europe but also travel across the Atlantic

The destructive legacy of Madeleine Albright and Marti Ahtisaari

In 1991, UN Security Council Resolution 678 under Chapter VII led to the “destruction of the infrastructure necessary to support human life in Iraq.” (Quote from Report by Marti Ahtisaari)

In 2011, UN Security Council Resolution 1973 under Chapter VII led to the destruction of Libya, now a terrorist infested failed state.

The Perils of Kosovo’s Independence

by Srdja Trifkovic
“We met recently with the U.N. mediator Marti Ahtisaari here in Rome,” Mantica goes on, “and he insisted that Kosovo’s independence would not set a precedent” for other countries with compact minority populations that wish to secede:

We asked him about Abkhasia, Ossetia, Transdnistria, Nagorno-Karabakh, northern Cyprus—and we found Mr. Ahtisaari very compliant with the American perspective. Neither he nor the current Italian government are taking any account of the position of Serbia. We have responded to Ahtisaari by pointing out that the current ethnic balance between Kosovo’s Serbs and Albanians is the result of the Albanians’ ethnic invasion, with only ten percent of the population being Serbian…….. with no new ideas on the table. I asked him personally, if the northern part of Kosovo should be allowed to remain with Serbia, or if the Serbian Republic in Bosnia, the Republika Srpska, should be able to join the Republic of Serbia. Is it not the case that Kosovo’s independence would open a host of new problems? I have also noted that the current borders of Serbia are not natural and historical but…….a state far greater in geographic extent than the historical Croatia.

Senator Mantica insists that Italy should not recognize any unilateral declaration of independence of Kosovo that would seek to bypass the Security Council, “not only for legal and political reasons, but also because of the long historic ties between Italy and Serbia that hark back to World War I and before.” The pressure from the United States is strong, he says, but in Washington they cannot walk and chew gum at the same time: “Their absolute priority right now is Iraq and Afghanistan, and Kosovo is low on their list of priorities.”

When all is said and done, Manica continues, is it possible to imagine Kosovo as a functional sovereign state? He thinks not, and would therefore suggest a creative alternative: Kosovo as a province of Europe: “If we assume that all of the Balkan countries will eventually enter the European Union, it should be possible to envisage Kosovo entering Europe in a different way, like a province administered by the Union itself.” He nevertheless warns that is not in the capacity and authority of the EU to make such a decision:

Personally I hold that we are still stuck with the destructive legacy of Madeleine Albright. The policies pursued by the United States in her tenure [as Secretary of State] have helped Al Qaeda in Europe. But the same spirit is still present in Mr. Ahtisaari’s insistence that the Serbs of the Krajina are not a problem, while the Albanians of Kosovo are a problem—although in both cases the number of refugees was more or less the same.



Karsai bietet Taliban Regierungsposten an

URL dieses Artikels:

Karsai bietet Taliban Regierungsposten an

29. Sep 13:54, ergänzt 14:00

Hamid Karsai
Bild vergrößern

Foto: dpa

Der afghanische Präsident Hamid Karsai will zu Friedensgesprächen mit Taliban treffen.

Der afghanische Präsident Hamid Karsai hat sich am Samstag zu persönlichen Friedensgesprächen mit Taliban-Führer Mullah Omar bereit erklärt. Außerdem stellte er den radikalislamischen Extremisten Posten in der Regierung in Aussicht, um ihren Aufstand zu beenden. Auch mit Milizführer Gulbuddin Hekmatjar wolle er sprechen, sagte Karsai: «Wenn ich ihre Adresse habe, brauchen sie nicht zu mir kommen, ich werde persönlich dorthin gehen und mich bei ihnen melden», meinte Karsai.Der Präsident hat die Taliban in den vergangenen Wochen wiederholt zu Verhandlungen aufgefordert. «Warum zerstören Sie das Land», fragte er am Samstag an die Adresse Omars und Hekmatjars.

Bei einem der blutigsten Anschläge seit dem Sturz der Taliban hatte ein Selbstmordattentäter zuvor 30 Menschen mit in den Tod gerissen, 30 weitere wurden verletzt. Zu der Bluttat in der Hauptstadt Kabul bekannten sich die Taliban. (AP)

Warum ist dann überhaupt die NATO dort einmarschiert und hat Drogen Bar Lords geschaffen, als sie mit den übelsten Schlächtern wie General Dostum zusammen arbeitete?

Die 5 Modelle für den Kosovo

Folgen, wenn es zu keiner Einigung kommt: Extrem Kriminelle und Faschisten, werden Anschläge im Raum Kosovo verüben!

Folgen einer Unabhängigkeit des Kosovo: Die Kosovor Verbrecher Banden, welche sich jetzt Politiker nennen, werden umgehend und sofort Anschläge in den Nachbar Gebieten von Mazedonien, Montenegro forcieren um ihr Hitler Groß Albanien zu vollenden. Die Ethnischen Säuberungen auch in den Nachbar Ländern werden seit langem vorbereitet.

Die AACL und die Vorstellung von Hitlers Groß Albanien.


Fünf Modelle

Fünf Modelle für den künftigen Status Kosovos stehen zur Debatte:

• Überwachte Unabhängkeit: Kosovo soll unter internationaler Aufsicht (EU und Nato-Truppen) schrittweise die Selbständigkeit erlangen. Das Modell wird von EU und USA favorisiert, scheiterte aber bereits im Sommer im UNO-Sicherheitsrat am Veto Russlands.

• Umfassende Autonomie (Serbien behält Aussen- und Sicherheitspolitik, Zoll und Polizei): Die Wunschvorstellung Belgrads wird von Kosovo-Albanern nach jahrelanger serbischer Repression, die 1999 im Kosovo-Krieg gipfelte, kategorisch abgelehnt.

• Volle Unabhängigkeit: Lehnt wiederum die Belgrader Regierung kategorisch ab: Würde internationales Recht und die Souveränität Serbiens verletzen.

• Teilung: Gesichtswahrende Variante für Belgrad, um wenigstens den serbisch dominierten Nordteil Kosovos zu retten. Doch die Kosovo-Führung und auch EU und USA sind dagegen.

• Hongkong-Modell: Kosovo bekommt eigene Verwaltung nach dem Prinzip: ein Staat, zwei Systeme. Auch dies wird von der Kosovo-Führung abgelehnt, gilt aber als möglicher Ausweg für die Staatengemeinschaft.

Rolle der Schutzmächte

Zur Verhärtung der einander ausschliessenden Positionen der Konfliktparteien tragen deren jeweilige Schutzmächte wesentlich bei. Für die Kosovo-Führung ist die Unabhängigkeit bereits beschlossene Sache und daher «nicht verhandelbar», weil die Amerikaner dahinter stehen. Serbiens Regierung wiederum wird die Strategie des Verschleppens und Zeitschindens beibehalten, solange Russland dies unterstützt.

Pläne der Extremisten

In den kommenden Wochen wird auch viel Kriegsrhetorik zu hören sein. Sowohl auf serbischer als auch kosovarischer Seite rüsten Extremisten für den Tag nach Ende der New Yorker Gespräche. Serbiens Präsident Boris Tadic warnte vor der UNO-Vollversammlung vor einer neuen Kriegsgefahr auf dem Balkan: Im benachbarten Norden Mazedoniens bereiteten sich albanische Terroristen, angeführt von entflohenen Gefangenen in Kosovo, auf Anschläge in südserbischen Gemeinden vor. Dort, an der östlichen Verwaltungsgrenze zu Kosovo, formiert sich seit Frühsommer auch die «Lazar-Garde», benannt nach dem legendären Serbenfürsten, der 1389 die heute mythenbeladene Schlacht auf dem Amselfeld (Kosovo polje) gegen die Türken verloren hat. Die Führer dieser Garde haben laut einem Bericht der Albaner-Zeitung «Koha ditore» der UNO-Verwaltung in Pristina mit einem bewaffneten Angriff gedroht, sollte Kosovo sich einseitig für unabhängig erklären.

Sollte die Proklamation ausbleiben, drohen der UNO-Verwaltung, der EU-Vertretung und der von der Nato gestellten Friedenstruppe Kfor zur Zielscheibe albanischer Extremisten zu werden.



Battle for the soul of Sicily Mafia

Battle for the soul of Sicily

Flag of Sicily (Wikipedia)
Image: Wikipedia

A new crackdown on the Sicilian Mafia may prove the strongest in decades, but renewed efforts are backed by a government on a weaker footing than Mussolini’s of the 1920s.

By Eric J Lyman in Rome for ISN Security Watch (20/09/07)

The battle over the future of the Sicilian Mafia is being waged now across the southern Italian island, where business leaders are trying to figure out whether they can afford not to pay the pizzo – extortion money – to the Cosa Nostra’s enforcers.

Earlier this year, Sicilian construction magnate Andrea Vecchio wrote a letter to Italian President Giorgio Napolitano asking for help in avoiding his share of the pizzo that by some estimates adds at least €10 billion (US$14 billion) a year to Mafia coffers.

„We can’t go on living like this,“ the desperate letter said. „We just want to live in a normal country.“

Vecchio’s missive sparked a series of initiatives that may prove to be among the most serious anti-Mafia crackdown since before World War II, including increased police funding, random raids, the freezing of bank accounts and the possibility that the government could station veteran troops just back from Iraq and Afghanistan in Sicily to keep the peace.

But the biggest step is the attack on the pizzo.

Napolitano vowed that the government would track down and arrest Mafia enforcers collecting the illicit payments. Confindustria, Italy’s leading employers‘ lobby group, in August declared war on the pizzo, which is thought to be one of the main drains on the under-developed economy of Italy’s south.

The group said it would expel any members who paid the levy, which is thought to range from around €50 per month for street vendors to as much as €10,000 per month for large businesses. Major construction sites are reportedly forced to pay at least €15,000 to the Mafia to ensure security.

Both Vecchio, who wrote the original complaint and Ivan Lo Bello, president of Confindustria’s Sicilian chapter, were put under around-the-clock police protection. Both men have reported receiving multiple death threats, and Vecchio has said that two of his work sites had been sabotaged.

Meanwhile, the jury is still out on whether the move will be effective, especially as the first round of payments since the announcement is not yet due . Also, even if they are made they do not leave a paper trail that would point the finger at Confindustria members that broke ranks. But Lo Bello says the importance of the move cannot be underestimated.

„This is the battle for the soul of Sicily,“ he said in a television interview. „It is a battle we cannot lose.“

A new crackdown

The existence of the Mafia as a crime group in Sicily dates back at least to the middle of the 19th century – and there is some speculation it might be much older, when it took the form of a guerilla movement that fought against foreign invaders of the strategically placed island.

Whatever its origins, it has always existed as a substitute for government, providing – according to the legendary crime boss Calogero Vizzini in the 1950s and echoed by many since then – a kind of justice, order and local autonomy when the official state was unable to provide. The pizzo is the substitute government’s form of taxation………..

Bulgaria-Macedonia intel scandal

Intel Brief: Bulgaria-Macedonia intel scandal

Accusations against Bulgaria are highly likely to reveal more about current internal Macedonian political climate than interstate relations.

Intel Brief by Diane Chido for ISN Security Watch (28/09/07)
The Macedonian intelligence agency denies claims made by the country’s largest daily newspaper, Dnevnik, that one of its counter-intelligence analysts has stolen the agency’s database on undercover operatives, fled the country and sold the information to Bulgarian secret services.

Despite refuting the accuracy of the story, published on 31 August, the Macedonian government has launched an investigation into the circumstances surrounding the publication of the article. And regardless of the investigation’s findings, the case is likely to underscore the instability and corruption in Skopje.

The Dnevnik report claims that the alleged theft of counter-intelligence information has compromised the entire Macedonian intelligence network and is likely to take two decades to rebuild. The story quotes unnamed sources within the Macedonian Interior Ministry, underscores longstanding tensions between Bulgaria and Macedonia and highlights potential instability within the Macedonian government.

The daily also speculated that the alleged data thief is a relative of former Macedonian interior minister Dosta Dimovska, who is now the head of the Macedonian cultural center in the Bulgarian capital, Sofia.

Dimovska resigned from her position as interior minister in 2001 in protest against an „unconstitutional“ phone-tapping scandal allegedly initiated by the current president, Branko Crvenkovski, when he was prime minister.

Dimovska has claimed publicly to have no relatives in the intelligence services.

In response to the Dnevnik report, Macedonian Radio noted that Macedonian officials had emphasized the likely „potential negative implications for shaping the public view on the Macedonian security system,“ and stressed that publishing unverified information „devalues the security structures‘ work.“

Adding to the difficulties within the intelligence agency is the 29 August resignation of its director, Kire Naumov. Appointed by and reporting directly to the president, Naumov has only served in this post since June 2006.

Skopje’s daily Vecer reports that Naumov, a 35-year-old economics professor, was selected in order to „stop the chaos“ undermining the effectiveness of the agency amid a climate of increasing tensions among the primary Albanian political factions within the government.

One manifestation of these tensions involves reports that the Albanian vice-director of the intelligence agency, Muhamed Ismaili, was illegally arming favored Albanian separatists through his associations with militant leaders. The leader of a rival Albanian party, Rafiz Aliti, threatened violence against the Ismaili faction – a move that culminated in several days of attacks against political figures and the death of Aliti’s son.

On 5 September, Vreme reported that Crvenkovski would likely replace Naumov with Tose Kosinovski, an officer from the military intelligence services. This announcement has caused some concern as the military has its own intelligence service. However, Crvenkovski has said Kosinovski was the right choice as he had not been a party member and as such would not give the impression that the new agency director was anyone’s „tool.“

Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (RFE/RL) reports that inter-Albanian tensions are likely to continue to affect the structure and sustainability of Macedonia’s security services.

President Crvenkovski has recently come under fire from the opposition in parliament for failing to shore up security in the country. This has been fueled by reports that Xhezair Shaqiri – a former lawmaker who headed an ethnic-Albanian guerilla group that led the bloody 2001 uprising – informed local media on 31 August that he and his supporters had driven back police after they tried to enter the border village of Tanusevci.

On 23 August, Shaqiri said that Tanusevci was preparing a referendum on seceding from Macedonia and uniting with neighboring Kosovo, arguing, according to a report in the daily Fakti, that „the government is showing absolutely no interest in this part of the country.“

Crvenkovski became president in 2002 and resigned his post as prime minister. From early 2004, however, his administration has been under a cloud of suspicion that he was involved in the death of his predecessor, Boris Trajkovski, who died in a plane crash on the way to an economic conference in Croatia. Rescuers did not reach the plane for 24 hours, but Crvenkovski’s public declaration of Trajkovski’s death within hours of the crash led to grave speculations. Trajkovski was known as a moderate reformer and a peace broker.

Vreme, citing the Pristina-based Lajm newspaper, reported that Macedonian authorities offered money for land to residents of the Kosovo village of Debalde, approximately one hundred yards from Tanusevci.

According to Balkan Update, the contested land covers 150 square miles and is the primary reason that the border between Macedonia and Kosovo there has not yet been demarcated.

On 30 August, Kosovo’s Prime Minister Agim Ceku visited Debalde, telling residents that „no one could deprive them of their property.“ The statement is vaguely reminiscent of former Serbian president Slobodan Milosevic’s ominous 1989 war cries of „No one will be allowed to beat you“ and „No one will ever humiliate the Serbian people again.“

While serving as prime minister in July 1996, Crvenkovski ordered the removal of Albanian flags in front of government buildings, which led to protests that left one person dead………………………….